During food supply while the South was growing
During thefirst battle of Bull Run the Union troops ran in full retreat back to Washington DC. During this time General Lee told president Davis that give him ten thousand troops and he would capture Washington DC, Davis thought he was kidding and just laughed him off. Had Davis not been mistaken our country might very well be split in half.
That is just one of the massive blunders the South committed during the war. Some of the other problems the South had during the war was lack of unity, unorganized, smaller and towards the end of the war low moral.
Regardless of all else unity was the biggest challenge faced by the South. When you fight a war you need a strong united front. When the confederate was formed the central government. It was created to weak, it couldn't pass taxes or conscript troops into one main army. When your government can't pass laws for the good of the many then you have a conflict with unity.
Another conflict of unity was the confederate troops were loyalfirst to their states and second to the confederacy.This an example of is during Sherman's march through Georgia. When the men from Georgia heard the tales of looting, raping, and pillaging the number of deserters were in the thousands.
Another problem with the South was it's nature. There size was the South was agricultural in nature while the North was mostly manufacturing. The North's big crops were wheat and corn. The South's biggest crop was cotton. The North had the huge food supply while the South was growing cash crops.To make matters worse was South had less then half of the population of the North. Further more 1/5 of the South's population were slaves and couldn't be allowed to fight in the war.
During thefirst couple years of the war the South was lucky they were granted victory after victory. Though with the massive loss of life the South had begun to rea