Uttarakhand, the state are generally called Uttarakhandi
after bifurcation from Uttar Pradesh (U.P.), was formed as the 27th
state of Republic of India on 09th November 2000. Uttarakhand is a
state in North Indian regions of Himalayas. It is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh state on the south,
Himachal Pradesh state on the west, and international boundaries of Nepal country
on the east, China country on the northeast. Uttarakhand formerly known
as Uttaranchal is a state in the northern part of India. Uttarakhand is one of the
most beautiful place for the tourist to visit from all over the world.
Uttarakhand is well known for various adventures activities, festivals, natural
beauty, sacred places, temples, pilgrims centers, mountain, fresh water, fresh
air, snowfall, culture and peaceful environment. Most beautiful place enrich
with natural resources, flora and fauna. Uttarakhand is also called Dev Bhumi.
Uttarakhand is famous for Char-dham i.e. Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri,
which makes the Uttarakhand distinguish as compare to other states. Uttarakhand
is the home of mountain ‘Queen of Hill’ i.e. Mussorie. Rajaji National Park,
Asan Barrage Water Sport Resort, Chilla Range all is located in the capital Dehradun
district of Uttarakhand state. Bhimtal, Naukuchiatal and Sattal are lakes; all
are located in Nainital district. So, Nainital are also called Lake District.
Auli is the place in Uttarakhand in Chamoli distirict which full-fill the dream
of skiing. Haridwar is one of the most important pilgrim spots in India located
in the state of Uttarakhand. Rishikesh is also called as the ‘Gateway to the Garhwal
Himalayas’ and ‘Yoga Capital of the World’, located in the foothills of the
Himalayas in Northern India. The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the
largest city in the region, which is on a railhead. Dehradun is well known for
educational hub. The High Court of the Uttarakhand state is in Nainital. The
native place of the state are generally called Uttarakhandi or more
specifically either Garhwali or Kumauni depending on their place of origin
either the Garhwal region or the Kumaun region. According to 2011 census of India,
Uttarakhand has a population of 10,116,752 comprising 5,154,178 males and
4,962,574 females making it the 19th most populous state in India
with 69.45% of the population of the Uttarakhand state living in rural area.
Haridwar, Dehradun and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, each
of them have a population of over one million. Uttarakhand has a total area of
53,483 sq. km. of which 86% is primarily a mountainous state, as the plains
constitute only about 14% of its total geographical area. The state is the part
of Himalayas and most of the northern area comprises of high ranges and
glaciers and the lower reaches are covered by dense forests. The state is also located
exclusively positioned from religious tourism. The Ganga and the Yamuna, as two
of largest and sacred rivers are the sites of the two biggest and holy rivers
originate out of glaciers in the Uttarakhand state.