TOPIC generations which is the cause of study

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Prof. Ravneet

Professor in Commerce)

Punjab College
of Engineering









Sustaining resources for future generation has
always been a matter of utmost importance and it continues to be the same. With
the increasing population, there has been increase in the use of various
resources. The excess use of resources has caused stress among
environmentalists. Therefore, it has become important to save certain resources
for future generations which is the cause of study of this topic. One problem
faced by environmental managers is that the goal of sustainable development is
not fully formed and its fundamental concepts are still debated.


have been made to cover the various aspects and follow ups that have taken
place in the environment in regard of sustainable development. The sole
objective of this study is to make the World aware of the fact that the time
have arrived where it has become necessary to take some serious steps for
conserving the resources for the continuation of human life.  















Sustainable Development is defined as the
development of present generation keeping in mind the needs of future
generation. There is a greater need to protect and conserve the resources that
are depleting slowly with the passage of time.  Keeping this in mind, following method have
been chosen for research.


Secondary method of collection of facts and figures
have been chosen. Different methods and practices adopted for achieving
sustainable development have been discussed and current status of
sustainability have been looked into. The study reveals that society and different
organizations have started taking necessary steps for the wise use of different
sources of energy.












The concept of Sustainable development was
introduced in early 1980s (in particular through the publication of the World
Conservation Strategy by IUCN, UNEP and WWF, 1980) in order to reconcile
conservation and development objectives. This concept, although had appeared in
the 1970s and disseminated in early 1980s, called for the maintenance of
essential ecological processes; the preservation of biodiversity and
sustainable use of species and ecosystems.

Development is that development that meet the needs of present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Basically, sustainable development is comprised of following three components:

Economic Growth

Environmental Stewardship

Social Inclusion


                              It means that
sustainable development can only be achieved if there is growth in the economy
complimented by changes in environment and with the help of society at large. The
last component, social inclusion, is the most important because without the
involvement of society, sustainable development can never prove to be a

                               Owing to the
growth of population, the demand for different resources have increased
tremendously. As a result of this, the resources are exploited more than their
usage. So it has become necessary to sustain the resources that we are using so
that our coming generations can enjoy the life as we are enjoying right now.    






It becomes necessary to understand that why the need of sustainable arouse. Following
points highlight the importance of sustainable development:


v  Improving
quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting

v  Development
to be based on the principle of inter-generational, inter-species and
inter-group equity.

v  To
minimize the depletion of resources by creating and using the substitutes for
non-renewable sources of energy.

v  Protection
of technological resources as new generation will be tech savvy and technology
require a significant array of minerals & other inputs to be manufactured.

v  Agriculture
will have to catch up with growing population because if same unsustainable
tilling, seeding, watering, spraying and harvesting methods are used in future
then they’ll become very costly as fossil fuel resources run out.

v  How
to accommodate the increasing population is another major concern because if
cities are developed non-sustainably, they will become more & more
expensive to build & maintain over time.

v  Sustainable
development is required to control the change in climate which is proving worse
these days.

v  It
is necessary to sustain biodiversity. Without bees, at least 19 major food
crops would suffer and nearly 50% of the food in most grocery stores would be

v  Last
but not the least, sustainable development is very much essential for the
financial stability of any economy.

v  Last
but not the least, the major crunch of GLOBAL WARMING that whole world is
facing needs to be combatted. Sustainable development is the sole way out to
this disastrous yet preventable disease.











There are two major issues that prevent sustainable
development from happening.


1.      Many
aspects of development, using sustainable methods and materials is expensive. While
the long-term cost of sustainability does prove to be less expensive than
traditional development, the creation of a sustainable project may be far more
expensive in the first phase.


2.      There
is not a generally accepted need for sustainable development. This is an
education issue that may take many years to resolve.




                               Contractors and
investors cannot see the importance of sustainable projects when they cost more
to initiate. When the goal is to make money in the short term, it can be very
difficult to generate the long-tern vision that is required to understand the
importance of sustainability. Towards this end, there are more government regulations
and incentive programs that have been put into place to make sustainable
development a more attractive option for program and project managers.  










To make sustainable development the norm, we have to
change the vision of the cultures of each country. Following is required to be


The culture must value a global benefit
more than a local one.


A responsibility towards providing and
sustaining resources for the future must be of more value than profit in the
present must be developed.



Both of these are very hard to do because it requires an element of
self-sacrifices to be adopted by the present society. The value of the future
is something that is not held in high esteem when it comes to creating a profit
or to living with convenience. The general self-focus of each generation is
understandable but as history has shown in other areas it can be expended to
include a sense of responsibility towards futures unknown that will allow for
different choices to be made in the present.







Global organizations such as United Nations, NGOs,
aid organizations and even governments are increasingly sponsoring efforts to
ensure sustainable development goals are realized for every individual across
the board. Some other important sustainable development goals set by these
bodies include:


of poverty across the world :

These organizations primarily focus on the least
developed and low-income countries where poverty is rife. They aim to eradicate
poverty across the board by expanding social protection programs like school
feeding, cash transfers, targeted food assistance, social insurance and labor
market programs such as skill training, old age pensions, wage subsidies,
unemployment insurance, disability pensions and so on.


of good health and well-being :

It ensures good health and well-being for all at
each stage of life. The goal takes into account all the main health priorities
such as maternal and child health, reproductive health, environmental, communicable
and non-communicable diseases, universal health coverage and access to quality,
safe, effective and affordable vaccines and medicines. It also advocates for
enhanced health financing, increase research and development, strengthen the
capacity of every country engaged in health risk prevention and management.


for quality education:

These bodies have realized that the level of child
school dropout is at all-time high. This gap must be closed to ensure quality
and equality in education sector. This goal seeks to ensure inclusive quality
education and promotion of ling life learning opportunities.



of clean water and sanitation :

Water and sanitation are on the top of the chart
regarding sustainable development. They are critical to the survival of humans
and the planet. This goal aims to address aspect relating to sanitation, hygiene
drinking water and the quality and sustainability of water resources across the


infrastructure supporting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and
incubating innovation:

This goal takes into account industrialization,
infrastructure and innovation as aspects of sustainable development.
Infrastructure is vital because it offer the basic frame work necessary to
smooth running of enterprise and society at large. Industrialization drives up
economic development, yield job opportunities, hence reducing levels of
poverty. Innovation enhances technological abilities of industrial sectors and
triggers the development of overall society.


access to affordable and clean energy :

Energy is the most critical resource to achieving
most of the sustainable development goals. Energy plays a vital role in
mitigating poverty to advancements in industrialization, education, water
supply and health and fighting climate change. This sustainable development
goal focuses on developing and expending renewable energy resources such as
sun, wind, hydro power, liquid and solid biofuels, bio gas and geothermal.  These renewable resources of energy don’t emit
greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere and are ideal for the environment and human


7.      Achieving gender equality :

In the past few decades, gender equality and women
empowerment have been agendas for most government for long term sustainable
development. Access to education for girls has since improved, the % of child
marriage has plummeted, and huge leaps have been taken in the domain of sexual
and reproductive health and rights such as dramatic reduction in maternal
health. Although there is still a long way to go to reach this milestone,
organization are using every ounce of their energy and throwing in resources to
ensure the dream is realize.

There are other sustainable development goals said by these bodies
including decent jobs and economic growth, sustainable cities and communities,
conservation of sea , oceans and marine resources , combating climate change,
sustainable consumption and production pattern and much more.  



Following are some of the popular examples for
sustainable development:



Wind energy is energy harnessed
from the motion of using wind turbine or windmills. Wind energy is renewable,
which means it’s never ending and can be used to substitute energy at the grid.
This makes it a good sustainable development practice.



This energy is harnessed from the
sun using solar panels. It’s advantageous since it’s absolutely free and its
supply is infinite. These factors make it beneficial to consumers and good for Mother
Nature because it doesn’t contribute to emission of greenhouse gasses.



Green spaces are locations where plants
and animals are left to flourish. Parks also fall into the category of green
spaces. Green spaces provide people remarkable opportunity to take pleasure in
outdoor recreation, more so in big cities, where resting space is hard to come
by. Green spaces also help regulate climate and quality of air, insulates
rivers and streams from polluted runoff and lowers energy usage by dealing with
the warming impacts of paved surfaces.



Crop rotation is the practice of
planting different crops in the same farm to enhance soil fertility and assist
control diseases and insects. Crop rotation is beneficial in many ways; most importantly,
its chemical free. This means using this farming practice maintains integrity
of your soil, making it a sustainable development practice.



Rain water harvesting means
capturing and storing rain that falls on-site (usually on roofs). It is
generally used for irrigation and toilet flushing or other greywater uses,
though it can also be used for drinking water if it is adequately treated.




BEGINS AT HOME” is a popular quote which means that any change or contribution
to someone shall be started from individual. If you wish to change something
then it must start with you first. So here are some list of questions that you
ought to answer for your own :


you switch off the lights, fans and other electrical appliances at home when
not in use?

you often brush with a running water tap?

you switch off the lights and other electric appliances when they are
unnecessarily on in your office or work place?

you use buckets and tubs for bathing instead of running taps?

you car pool often to your office or destination instead of taking different

you keep your surroundings clean?

you plant trees?

you take care of your garden and plants inside like you take care of your

you charge your electronic gadgets for too long?

10.  Do you plant one single plant on
Van Mahotsav?

11.  Have you ever saved rain water?

12.  Have you ever celebrated World’s
Environment Day?



your answers to above questions are in “YES” then you are heading for
sustainable development but if your answers are “NO” then sorry to ask that are
you even a human being…..leaving behind a responsible citizen. Its hard time that
you need to think of your children and grandchildren very seriously because
they may hardly get any drop of water to survive or small amount of light to
work and study.











In the end, there is no argument beyond a political
one when it comes to sustainable development. People already use a huge amount
of the Earth’s non-renewable resources to live their everyday lives. The idea
of environmentally sustainable economic growth is not new. It is nothing more
but a synonym to sustainable development. 


In the long run, there will be no debate about sustainable development
as it has proven to be cleaner, potentially more efficient and is the only way
to grow our economies without impacting human health and environment. Due to
world governments putting more emphasis on sustainable development, more people
today are moving towards renewable sources of energy like solar, wind, hydropower
and geothermal. As more people join this bandwagon, a lot more of the resources
will be required and this will mean faster depletion of resources. With time,
sustainable development will not be an option for individuals wanting to live a
healthy life and lifestyle choices.



















have been able to complete this study only due to initiative being taken by HMV College, Jalandhar for organizing
Two Days International Conference on “CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN SOCIAL SCIENCES.”  I would also like to express my deep sense of
gratitude to my parents who supported me in completing this paper.


my pleasure to present the findings and facts of the topic ‘TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ in the International Conference
organized by HMV College, Jalandhar. I hope I did justice with the topic.
















References include the following:




Times of India































    Name:            Ms. Ravneet Kaur 

                                        D/o S.
Kuldip Singh


    Address:        227/5, Tagore Nagar, Jalandhar (Punjab)


Contact:         8284970797

E-Mail ID:     [email protected]












Categories: Management


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