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Title – What is its significance?5-8 important pieces of information that is directly relevant to the work and the distinguishing characteristics of the author.Biographical Information Significance to work Actor http://www.wilkie-collins.info/play_frozen_deep.htmGasson, Andrew. “THE FROZEN DEEP – A DRAMA IN THREE ACTS.” THE FROZEN DEEP, www.wilkie-collins.info/play_frozen_deep.htm.In 1857, Dickens played the role of Richard Wardour in the play “The Frozen Deep”. Wardour was a man who sacrificed his life so that his rival could have the woman they both loved. The love triangle in the play later became the basis for the complex relations between Charles, Lucie and Sydney.Father’s imprisonmenthttps://www.biography.com/people/charles-dickens-9274087″Charles Dickens.” Biography.com, A Networks Television, 30 Nov. 2017, www.biography.com/people/charles-dickens-9274087.When Dickens was 12 years old, his father was incarcerated in a debtor’s prison. This relates to the book as Dr. Manette is imprisoned at the beginning while Lucie Manette is still a young child.Poor familyhttp://primaryfacts.com/251/charles-dickens-interesting-facts-and-information/James. “Charles Dickens: Interesting Facts and Information.” Primary Facts, 27 Sept. 2016, primaryfacts.com/251/charles-dickens-interesting-facts-and-information/.Due to his father being imprisoned, Dickens was forced to leave school in order to provide for his family. He worked at a factory for 3 years and became very lonely. This lonely period in his life likely helped create the character, Sydney Carton as he was a very lonely man who wasn’t sure what the purpose of his life was. Had a fascination with the paranormalhttp://primaryfacts.com/251/charles-dickens-interesting-facts-and-information/James. “Charles Dickens: Interesting Facts and Information.” Primary Facts, 27 Sept. 2016, primaryfacts.com/251/charles-dickens-interesting-facts-and-information/.Dickens was apart of The Ghost Club where members would members would gather to research and investigate paranormal activities. This could explain the use of footsteps in A Tale of Two Cities. Although the footsteps likely symbolize fate, Dickens was inspired by his experiences with ghosts to write of footsteps unconnected to a living person. List 8-12 of the most significant events of the story in chronological order1. Dr. Manette is released from imprisonment at the Bastille and him and his daughter, Lucie are reunited. 2. Charles Darnay is tried for treason in London3. Marquis St. Evremonde runs over a child. To make up for his wrong-doings he throws a coin onto the street. The next day Marquis St. Evremonde is found dead.  4. Lucie Manette falls in love with Charles Darnay and marries him despite the obseen amount of men who were aching for Lucie’s hand in marriage. Lucie and Darnay later have a little girl named Lucie. 5. Storming of the bastille which symbolizes the beginning of the Revolution as the lower class people begin to overtake the authorities. 6. Darnay returns to France to help Gabelle, but ends up imprisoned. Later, Dr. Manette helps get him out of prison. 7. Darnay is re-arrested for his family having something to do with Dr. Manette’s imprisonment. 8. Sydney Carton visits Charles Darnay at his cell where they switch clothes and Sydney sacrifices his life for Darnay’s. Identify the significance of the opening scene.The opening scene demonstrates the connection Dickens is trying to make between England during the middle-late 1800s and France during the late 1700s. He juxtaposes many ideas between the two cities, showing how they are both different, but similar in the same respect. He describes England as being obsessed with “spiritual relations”, whereas France is “less favored on the whole as to matters spiritual” (2). Dickens tries to demonstrate ow both countries are not the same, but still share more important similarities. He mentions many details of cruelty and injustice in both societies. In France, a boy gets tortured and killed because he wouldn’t kneel on a muddy ground to monks a hundred feet away. In England, some of the same injustices are being committed including stealing and fighting. The main idea Dickens is trying to get across is that injustices cannot be committed without consequence. The government cannot walk all over the people and expect them to be mistreated for centuries. Eventually a revolt will break up, whether it because of starvation, injustices by the aristocracy, or hatred developed over the years. Dickens also begins presenting the theme of duality, which is a common tool he uses throughout his novel. All of his significant characters have their antitheses such as Lucie/Madame Defarge and Darnay/Carton. All of the major themes in his novel also are in pairs. He often uses the theme of mercy which is accompanied by the consequences of vengeance. Dickens uses the importance of balance throughout his novel, demonstrating how in reality opposites often accompany each other. There isn’t a world where evil can exist without good, or where dark could exist without light. If there is evil in the world, then there must also be pure goodness. However, Dickens main point is still trying to warn England so they won’t be in the predicament as France is because in his opinion they are heading down the same slope. Identify the significance of the ending/closing scene. In the closing scene of A Tale of Two Cities the true violence of The French Revolution begins to show with the killing of many innocent people brought by the guillotine. Although the Revolution will only become more bloody and horrifying, Charles Dickens is able to make an odd happy ending. Sydney Carton was beheaded at the end of the story, and although this is a gruesome death, he is able to make his life meaningful. He started out as a melancholy man who thought he had nothing to live for. And now he had something so important to him, that he would die for it. Lucie Manette was the love of his life and all he wanted to do is make her happy, and at the end of the novel, he was able to do that by saving her husband. Although Sydney Carton dies a horrific death, he hopes for resurrection and quotes a Christian prayer, “I am the resurrection and the life.” Explain the significance of the setting.The setting in A Tale of Two Cities is obviously very important as the novel is titled after two cities, Paris and France. In the opening scene, Charles Dickens introduces the setting by comparing Paris and France to each other. “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times”, Dickens leaps immediately into the contrast of feelings during the time. The Revolution brought a lot of blood and death, however, in this story it also brings joy. Whereas Dr. Manette is reunited with his daughter after 18 long years, and Charles Darnay is able to escape death multiple times. The two cities mentioned are seemingly very different. Paris is full of vengeful citizens wanting blood from the aristocrats and London is a quaint city where Darnay and Lucie Manette end up raising their family. However, throughout the book Dickens uncovers that the two cities are similar in the corruption within the foundation of the city. Fill in the chart for major characters, most important characters firstCharacterRole in Story Significance of the character to the work 2 Adjectives Charles DarnayChanged Aristocrat, Husband – represents how the upper class are treated in the RevolutionCharles Darnay is a very rounded character. Although his aristocratic days is not told in A Tale of Two Cities, we know that he left his rich lifestyle to become a better person. He is able to overcome many trials and imprisonments. At the end of the story he shows his compassion by risking his life to save his friend, Gabelle. Devoted SelfishMadame DefargeWife of Monsieur Defarge –  Represents the French Revolution itself She rallies a crowd of women and leads them to fight. – She becomes an obstacle for Darnay as she is out to seek revenge not only on the Evremondes, but also on the entire class from which they came from.Valiant Vengeful Sydney CartonA representation of a tragic heroHe had a love so deep for Lucie, that he devoted his heart and soul to her. Unfortunately, Lucie possessed feelings for someone else. Carton was hurt but he accepted the rejection and still made a goal to make Lucie happy. At the end of the book, Carton sacrifices himself and takes Darnay’s spot at the guillotine. (Although Carton was often depicted more as self-loathing and a drunkard, he was quite brilliant. He managed to make Mr. Stryver one of the most important lawyers of that time.)??Depressed Insecure Dr. ManetteCaring Lucie ManetteShe is Darnay’s wife and the person who brings the best qualities in those around her. On the contrary to Darnay, Lucie is more of a flat character. Throughout the book she is portrayed as compassionate and loving to everyone no matter what.Kind CompassionateJarvis LorryAn English banker who provides support for the Manette family.He is one of the few people who help out the Manette’s when they are at a time of need and is willing to do whatever to guarantee their safety. When Lucie becomes an orphan, Lorry brings her to England to be raised there.   Loyal Trustworthy Monsieur DefargeOwner of a wine shop. Committed to the revolutionary and is a representation of cruelty of the aristocracy.   Sympathetic revolutionary???When Defarge was young, Dr. Manette was his master. Growing up he watched as Manette would refuse any bribe money from the Marquis. This later conditioned him to dislike the aristocracy. Ironically though, Defarge experienced the Marquis running over a small child and to try get him to shut up, the Marquis throws a coin at Defarge. Defarge picks the coin up and throws it back in his face, mimicking the actions of Manette. Because of his found hatred towards the aristocracy, he takes action in the revolution by leading. Sympathetic WeakWrite two thematic statements about the text. Briefly explain how each theme is developed in the text.Theme How theme is developedThe most unexpected people can become resurrected. Resurrection is the process in which someone comes back to life after death. Although none of the characters physically died and came back to life, many had a poor experience that they came back from. For example, Dr. Manette came back to life after being locked away for 18 years. Charles Darnay left his old life of corruption to live a purer life. Sydney Carton finally was able to put his life to use after being lonely and depressed for many years. Sacrifice is the true demonstration of love.Sacrifice is shown throughout the novel. However, the most obvious example is when Sydney Carton sacrifices his life for Charles Darnay. He is deeply in love with Lucie Manette and only wants her to be happy. By saving her husband, he knows that she will truly be happy. Identify 6-8 short, memorable, significant quotes from the text. Identify the speaker(if appropriate), the situation, and the significance of the quote. Speaker/Page Quote (short)Significance Miss Pross – Book 2, Chapter 6  ‘Do you imagine–‘ Mr. Lorry had begun, when Miss Pross took him up short with:’Never imagine anything. Have no imagination at all.’ It shows Miss Pross’s unquestioning loyalty to Lucie and her father. She doesn’t give any thought to anything else other than how she can protect and shield them from the rest of the world. Charles Darnay – Book 2, Chapter 9’This property and France are lost to me’, said the nephew sadly; ‘I renounce them’The quote helps the reader get a better insight as to who Darnay really is. By changing his name and refusing to be associated with the Evremonde family because of their wrongs, he shows that he is rather a caring and responsible man. Unlike his family, he does not want nor does he care about wealth and power. Narrator – Book 1, Chapter 5’The wine was red wine, and had stained the ground of the narrow street in the suburb of Saint Antoine, in Paris, where it was spilled. It stained many hands, too, and many faces, and many naked feet, and many wooden shoes.’Narrator – Book 1, Chapter 1″It was the best of times, it was the worst of times”This is very first sentence in the book. Not only is it memorable because Dickens expresses the contrasting situations of the time. But, it also relates to all of the character development throughout the book. Each character goes through the best times during the worst time. This quote is the overarching similarity between the characters and the things they must go through. Nothing that we do, is done in vain. I believe, with all my soul, that we shall see triumph.Not knowing how he lost himself, or how he recovered himself, he may never feel certain of not losing himself again Identify the major archetypes, how it is shown in the text, and explain the significance as it relates to theme. Archetype/How it is shown Significance to theme The HeroThe InnocentThe Villain: AristocratsThe Father FigureThe TowerThe TavernIdentify the following elements and their significance. There will likely be more than one for symbol, motif, and imagery. Include other optional elements as significant:point of view, allusion, etc. Literary Element/ how it is shown Significance Symbol: WineWine was a symbol for the thirst of blood throughout the Revolution. In Chapter __ when the casks of wine spilled down the streets, people were ecstatic and animalistic to get a taste of the intoxicating beverage. Even though it would stain their clothing and bodies, everyone still wanted a sip. Also, in almost every chapter a multitude of characters were seen at the Defarge’s wine shop. Dickens choosing to always have people at the wine shop shows that a lot of people are craving the blood from the aristocrats. Symbol: KnittingSymbol: GuillotineMotif: ImprisonmentMotif: DoublesMotif:Imagery:In a final paragraph, explain why the work should be included on a list of works of high literary merit. Write your personal to the content and style of the work. Give a few specific examples to support your opinion. A Tale of Two Cities should be included on a list of high literary merit because the story is always going to be relevant. The corruption found in both cities can relate to anything from countries to governments and even to the corruption within people. Charles Dickens was able to uncover the hardships found in everyday life, but he was also able to pull out the good from the absolute worst. Although Sydney Carton was killed at the end of the novel, Charles Dickens was able to spin the outcome of his death into something terrifyingly hopeful. Carton was going to be beheaded, but he held onto the hope for resurrection and was able to make his meaningless life into something that would save the life of a dear friend. This theme of making the best out of a bad situation is also very present in the novel. The aristocrats had the citizens underneath their boot at all times, however, the people were able to fight against the villain for their rights. It would ultimately result in a very bloody city, but the determination of the civilians brought the change that they needed so badly. A book that holds death and disaster, but ultimately can have a theme of resurrection and determination is important to read for anyone and everyone. All people go through their own French Revolution at some point in their life(hopefully less bloody) and this book is able to inspire those to fight against the thing ruining them, and instead rise as a new version of yourself.

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