Throughout the First World
War, The Red Crescent Center for Women kept military requirements ahead of
Because, World War I, with its wholesale mobilization, increased the need for
military uniforms even more. No longer could textiles or uniforms be imported.
The Ottoman army had to fall back on the resources in its own country in order
to equip its soldiers.2
Ottoman government contributed to these activities.3
Hilal-i Ahmer Center for Women was founded in 20th March 1920 as a
branch of Ottoman Red Crescent Society. With this organization, Ottoman women
actively participated in the activities of Red Crescent Society. This center
aimed to help to soldiers in front, injured or sick people, families of
soldiers and martyrs, immigrants and prisoners of war. Society provide
necessary funds by organizing charity campaigns and operating soup kitchens,
coffee houses, hospitals, dispensaries, art houses, workshops and convalescent
these activities have opened the way for the Ottoman women to take an active
role in social life. During the Second Constitutional period, Ottoman women
started to became visible in society. At the beginning, Kâm-res Han?m, wife of
Sultan Mehmet Re?at, founded an aid commission later Red Crescent Center for
Women was established. Non-Muslim Ottoman women also took part in services in
the center. Kaplan and Tepekaya explained this situation as; society was
founded by people who defended the idea of Ottomanism, it has an international
status and cooperates with the Red Cross Society.5
1 Çetin Akyurt,
“Birinci Dünya Sava??’nda Osmanl? Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti’nin Sanatsal
Faaliyetleri,” Tarih ?ncelemeleri Dergisi 3, no. 2 (2015), p.418.
2 Nicole Van Os, “Gendering Jihad: Ottoman Muslim Women and War
During the Early in Twentieth Century,” in Jihad and Islam in World War I, ed.
Eric. J. Zürcher (Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2016), p. 165.
3 Leyla Kaplan and Muzaffer
Tepekaya, “Hilal-i Ahmer Han?mlar Merkezi’nin Kurulu?u ve Faaliyetleri
1877-1923,” Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 10, (2003).
4 Ibid, p.200.
5 Ibid. , p. 151.