Thomas Jefferson

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History is the greatest teacher and source of inspiration. Our country, the United States of America, is home to the greatest legendary heroes and scholars who have forged the shape of the today’s world. Former President, J. F. Kennedy, when he “welcomed Nobel Prize winners into the White House in 1962, he out rightly admitted that he was obliged to share the room with the world’s greatest sources of knowledge with the exception of one, Thomas Jefferson”[1].

Thomas Jefferson was a former President, Politician, Architect, archeologist, paleontologist, musician, inventor, revolutionist and scholar. If I were given the humble chance to travel back in time and get a chance to interview Thomas Jefferson I would ask him the following questions:

What is your own opinion what do you have to say about banking establishments and the role they play in their environment?
As a politician and the president of United States of America, which has just gained independence which elements do you intend to enshrine in the domestic policy?
Following the hot debate and conflicts involving the thorny issue of slave trade, do you consider yourself as a crusader for or against slave trade?
As The United States of America tries to establish itself as a giant nation in the world what are the various foreign policies you are putting in place to govern the relationship between The United States of America and other countries?
What is your take on the majority rule and what way should the minorities take to redress any wrongs done on them?
What are your take on education and its importance on the advancement of United States into one of the strongest countries in the world?

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The Response

In 1816, Jefferson noted “banking establishments were more dangerous than standing armies and therefore if necessary that such institutions be properly controlled.”[2] Thomas Jefferson was against most banking institutions and their famous discounting techniques which allowed people to spend money which they have not earned at the price of jargons called interest rates.

He thought that banks and their aggressive search for money would swindle the children of America who would wake up homeless one day in the land that belonged to their fore fathers. For instance, from his personal experience, he got into a lot of debt and hard to mortgage his property and slaves.

He believed that such institutions would be used by hereditary aristocrats to further their ambitions at the expense of the citizens. Although Thomas Jefferson tried to lobby policy makers to accept his line of reasoning but they refused only to regret later in 1812 when a financial chaos was formed as a result of war.

He would in turn be very categorical and blame the current financial institutions such as the Wall Street and credit card institutions which have handed massive debt to the citizens of America. It is this debt and their discounting techniques which have ended up leaving Americans with no cash money in their pockets leading to shortage of funds and unemployment.

This is because he thought that banks snatched wealth/power from the people and concentrated the wealth/power between a few people. Therefore he would consequently blame the current financial downfall on the banking and financial system.

Jefferson’s domestic policy was aimed at liberty and freedom. He believed that America should not enter into any association with any country that hindered the rights and liberty of the American people. He believed in republicanism and American exceptionalism. The term republicanism argued that the country and nation belonged to its citizens[3].

No man and woman should therefore have his/her rights violated since they are enshrined in the declaration of independence. Having championed for the release of slaves with no success, and was the first president who came up with a formal Indian removal plan that was considered humane.

In a letter to one of his friends Samuel Ker cheval, Thomas Jefferson insisted that the foundation of the republican governance was to secure equal rights for all American citizens are it in person or property. Arguably, Thomas Jefferson was a defender of civil liberties.

He further went a step to oppose the principles of hereditary aristocracy that would go ahead to form a big gap between the rich and poor. IT is these same hereditary arrangements that would aggrandize opportunities for a given sect of people and kill the spirit upon which the country was founded on[4].

As far as the issue of human rights and slavery is concerned, Thomas Jefferson would advocate for human right s and ensure that all human beings should enjoy the liberty and freedom of the land. Thomas Jefferson did not advocate for slave trade he in fact educated and trained all his slaves with exemplary educational and literary skills.

Although Thomas Jefferson had many plantations of slaves he often admitted that slavery was a shame and many a times tried do fight the institution of slave trade. In fact in 1907 he went ahead to sign a bill banning importation of slaves into the United States of America. In his notes on the state of Virginia he attacked slavery and thought that it was duty of the state and society to release slaves.

In fact in the first draft of the declaration of independence he condemned British slave trade and violation of distant people human rights who did not offend her.

Unfortunately this was dropped from the final draft of the declaration of independence. It is therefore clear that Thomas Jefferson was opposed to slavery and slave trade. Therefore it is right to say Jefferson found slavery not to be right and this is why he treated them with dignity and even went ahead to right and publish books on slavery, acting as a voice for the rights of this people who were slaves.

As far as foreign policy was concerned Thomas Jefferson was a famous fan of international trade but was strongly opposed to country alliances he was once quoted in 1779 saying “Commerce with all nations, alliance with none, should be our motto.”[5]

This is why he was considered to be a strong republican and therefore a champion for republicanism calling for Americans to love their country and that the citizens be the people who decide who should govern them. It will be true to derive that this was America’s foreign policy. Thomas Jefferson wanted to maintain America’s freedom and liberty and not involve himself with European wars and disputes.

His overall foreign policy was friendship peace and prosperity for all nations of the world. He thought that America’s national security would be compromised by meddling in other peoples affairs. Which is consequently true to date many Americans are being kidnapped and the American government is often asked to release foreign political prisoners or even withdraw troops from certain areas.

Thomas Jefferson believed that it was better to make no treaty than make a bad one; he was opposed to treaties that called for power sharing and preferred peacemaking treaties that lead to stability and peace of nations and regions. Therefore America struggled to separate its systems from European systems.

Thomas Jefferson said to Benjamin Waring (in 1801) “The will of the people… is the only legitimate foundation of any government, and to protect its free expression should be our first object.”[6]. Thomas Jefferson believed that for decisions to be made and a country to be ran smoothly than the will of the majority must prevail, therefore incase a minority decision that was to be imposed on the majority would be considered an evil.

In this case Thomas Jefferson knew the dangers that could arise out of entrenchment by malicious individuals who would want to impose their opinions on other citizens of the republic. This goes ahead to support that Jefferson was among the first supporters of democracy. He also went ahead to advice those who were minorities and felt deprived of certain rights by the majority should search for good avenues to redress their plight.

As far as education was concerned Thomas Jefferson led from the front. He was a polymath who had ability to tackle many disciplines ranging from mathematics to arts. He even made sure that he educated his slaves in reading and writing and also other technical skills.

He is considered the father of the University of Virginia where he made an elaborate plan of seeing able students through university. He tabled a bill in 1817 that intended to unearth talent that was buried in poverty; he believed that by doing this the number of educated brains would triple output in the United States of Americas compared to other countries.

The bill further supposed that there be a school within every county and district collages near every locality plus a good university system. Being amongst the greatest scholars who have ever lived in this planet it is clear that Thomas Jefferson took education seriously and understood its importance in developing the nation and spreading his spirit of republicanism which aimed at improving the lives of every citizen.


Bernstein, Richard. Thomas Jefferson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Holmes, Jerry. Thomas Jefferson: a chronology of his thoughts. Boston: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.

Jefferson, Thomas. Thomas Jefferson: His Words and Vision. New York, Peter Pauper Press, 1998.

Reynolds, David. Empire of Liberty: A New History. London: Penguin America, 2010.

Schama, Simon. The American Future: A History from The Founding Fathers To Barack Obama. New York, NY: Vintage, 2009.

Richard Bernstein, Thomas Jefferson (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005), 6.
Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson: His Words and Vision (New York, Peter Pauper Press, 1998), 78.
Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson: His Words and Vision (New York, Peter Pauper Press, 1998), 46.
Jerry Holmes, Thomas Jefferson: a chronology of his thoughts (Boston: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002), 58.
David Reynolds, Empire of Liberty: A New History (London: Penguin America, 2010), 104.
Simon Schama, The American Future: A History from The Founding Fathers To Barack Obama (New York, NY: Vintage, 2009), 141.

Categories: Trade

President residency achieve United States citizenship, instead

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President Thomas Jefferson 1801 – 1809
Thomas Jefferson came into presidency with the intentions of limiting the size and power of the central government. His success and failures in accomplishing this goal were many. Thomas Jefferson was Americas third president in reign from 1801 1809, once tying in the presidential race with Aaron Burr, where the decision was made by the House of Representatives to choose Jefferson whom they thought was less dangerous than Burr.

As president he was the first to be inaugurated in Washington which was a city he had helped to plan. President Jefferson’s inauguration was probably the start of the changes in government. It has been said that his particular taking of office had lead to the simplest speech stating that “essential principals” would guide his administration and would support all states with “equal and exact justice to all”. And the actual changes of administration were the most peaceful of all, nothing like those previously.

Jeffersons accomplishments were most greatly seen by the ability to simplify the Republican government in the new capital by cutting back the unnecessary branches and less useful positions while replacing Federalists with Republicans. And by the year 1808, Republicans held almost all the government offices. At the same time Jefferson fought to keep the size of the government from continuously growing.
President Jefferson work diligently with congress to change the Alien Acts to have a more relaxed naturalization for only requiring five years of residency achieve United States citizenship, instead of the previous fourteen years.

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While president Jefferson achieved credit for making the Federal governments priorities foreign affairs, and leaving local matters for the state and local governments to tend with.

Jeffersons beliefs in local self government created differences between himself and Alexander Hamilton which created the Federalists (Hamilton followers) and the Democrat Republicans (Jefferson followers).

President Jefferson was instrumental in the Louisiana Purchase, which secured an area extending from Canada to the Gulf and the Mississippi to the Rockies, for fifteen million dollars. This purchase also led to the planning and organization of the Lewis and Clark expedition. However, the argument over whether or not Florida was included in the Louisiana Purchase caused many sarcastic attacks on Thomas Jefferson from members of congress.

Although, shortly before leaving office President Jefferson was forced to yield on certain acts that he had implemented, such as the Non-importation Act of 1806 and the Embargo Act of 1807. This was brought on by rebellious attitudes of the people during the attacks on neutral shipping of the U.S. by Britain and France.
However, President Jefferson was able to lift many restrictions on American commerce, and at the same time improve relations between America and France.
Also, President Jefferson was the author of the statue for religious freedom, which separated the church from the state, and advocated the abolishment of slavery.

President Jeffersons Vision Plan was constantly under scrutiny due to the progressiveness of industrial wealth, which caused for more and more and to be available. This need for land was a merely a notion to provide social equality and prevent over crowding in the cities. This would enable citizens to spread out and possible keep peace.
The number of accomplishments by President Jefferson are so numerous, he was very instrumental in directing the Nation for the future. Most importantly he authored the Declaration of Independence. Through writing this document Thomas Jefferson was able to provide documentation of announcing that all states were now free, and independent states having full power and control, to wage or enact in war, peace, and any other acts which independent states have the right to.

Consequently, President Jefferson also achieved the improvement of agriculture methods so Americans could grow and trade their agricultural products.
President Jefferson was also the founder for the cause for education, which lead him to be the founder of the University of Virginia at Charleston, Virginia. So few men have left such a great impression in their time or the ages that came after them as Thomas Jefferson did. After forty years of continuous service to his country, by coincidence Thomas Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, fifty years after the Declaration of Independence was adopted, as well as his political rival John Adams whom also died the very same day.

Other sources used:
AOL, The Internet, Yahoo, Arts: Humanities: History.People.PresJeffersonThomas
Columbia Encyclopedia, Columbia University Press 1969
Double Day Encyclopedia, The Grolier Society Inc., 1941
/ Pages : 733 / 24

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The he was our president. There were

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The title of the book that I read is Thomas Jefferson by Norman K. Risjord. This
book was published in 1994.

The biography I read was Thomas Jefferson and it was very enlightening and
informative. The story began in Shadwell, Virginia where Thomas Jefferson was born in 1743 and raised until he was approximately 18. Thomas Jefferson’s parents were well off, but his father died when Thomas was 14. When Jefferson was 17 years old, he got permission to attend the College of William and Mary. Thomas Jefferson did many things in his long life. Jefferson created the many different reforms. Jefferson spent a lot of his time at his home in Monticello with his wife and kids. Jefferson had books compiled on his notes of his home and its surroundings also. Jefferson was also part of congress and a diplomatic minister to France. Jefferson also compiled many things such as the ordinance of government for the Northwest Territory and the Declaration of Independence. After Thomas Jefferson had accomplished all this and seen so many things he was our president.
There were many people who were significant in Thomas Jefferson’s life throughout the book. Here were a few people that were important people to Thomas Jefferson. Dr. William Small, Richard Henry Lee, John and Abigail Adams, Paul Rapin, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Alexander Hamilton, Count Buffon, James Madison, and John Fenno. These were some of the main characters throughout the story. There were also many teachers, authors, family and friends that were characters in the book. Some thought that Sally Hemmings was a main character in the book, but she was only mentioned on three brief occasions.
The focus of this book is to educate the reader or readers on the hardships and adversity of Thomas Jefferson’s life. It showed the many accomplishments that Jefferson had throughout his life. Norman K. Risjord described the outcome of the book in a very positive way. It seems almost that Norman K. Risjord admired and looked up to Thomas Jefferson and his life. Portraying the book in a positive way is only way one can describe things such as free, self-governed country, and a unified nation.
I believe that Norman Risjord’s intent for having written this book was to “acquaint the general reader with the man and his times.” I think that Norman Risjord wanted us to know how Jefferson’s genius ideas, many reforms, and accomplishments impacted the people and our nation then and now.
I think the author seems quite a bit sympathetic to Thomas Jefferson. I think it expanded greatly on Thomas Jefferson’s great qualities and only briefly stated any bad qualities he may have possessed, such as, speaking in public, Sally Hemmings and his slave ownership. Risjord willingly explains his wonderful writings like the Tea Act Reform (page 22) and the Declaration of Independence. (page 28-32) Even though Norman Risjord may have been somewhat sympathetic to Thomas Jefferson, I feel in no way was Norman Risjord apologetic towards Jefferson. Norman Risjord did and excellent job of stating the true facts about Thomas Jefferson without seeming apologetic or critical at any time. I feel that most of the time the book was a very fair and balanced appraisal of Thomas Jefferson.

During this time period of this book, Jefferson and most all of the other main characters were faced with several hardships. The characters were, in one way or another, an integral part of putting America together. Jefferson was faced with several problems during that time. He and the other characters were faced with uneasiness of no knowing what would have been best for America. They were all experimenting with many new and different ideas of what might form the best America. The Louisiana Purchase is a good example of one of the problems during their time. In the long run this purchase turned out to be a good thing for our country, but at the time James Monroe had no idea how much land he actually obtained for the large sum of money he paid. (page 146-147)
Another difficulty Jefferson faced was obtaining the trust of other people. John Randolph of Roanoke began having negative views of President Jefferson. He did not trust

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