This be twice put in jeopardy of life

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This platform is dedicated to the opinions and beliefs of
Samantha Questad. Opinion’s and belief’s that have been formed within the 2017
fall quarter at Columbia Basin College while attending Jeffrey T Larson’s
American Government class Political Science 202. Through the many discussions
and debates offered within the course and based off questions posed within the
text “By The People” written by James A. Morone and Rogan Kersh.

The Preamble “We the People of the United States, in Order
to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility,
provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the
Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish
this Constitution for the United States of America.”

Bill of Rights Amendment ICongress shall make no law
respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of
the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress
of grievances.Amendment IIA well regulated militia, being necessary to the
security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall
not be infringed.Amendment IIINo soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered
in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a
manner to be prescribed by law.Amendment IVThe right of the people to be secure
in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches
and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon
probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing
the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.Amendment VNo
person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime,
unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising
in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time
of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense
to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any
criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life,
liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be
taken for public use, without just compensation.

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Amendment VIIn all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall
enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state
and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall
have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and
cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to
have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the
assistance of counsel for his defense.Amendment VIIIn suits at common law,
where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial
by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise
reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of
the common law.Amendment VIIIExcessive bail shall not be required, nor
excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.Amendment
IXThe enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed
to deny or disparage others retained by the people.Amendment XThe powers not
delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Table of contents•Negative vs. positive liberties•Death
Penalty •Church & State •Public Opinion •The Media •Election Primaries
•Partisanship •Congress •The president •Privatization•Judges • Bibliography

Negative vs. Positive liberty”Americans often disagree about
the meaning of “freedom”. Is Freedom the absence of constraints (negative
liberty) or the freedom to pursue one’s goals with equal opportunity (positive
liberty)?”¹- I believe in negative liberty in the idea that government should
not interfere with American citizens everyday life’s. I also believe in
positive liberty because the government was established to take care of
American citizens and the idea that they all have their basic needs cared for,
Basic needs being food, water, warmth and rest. And if the average citizen does
all that is asked of them, then the government should make sure that all of the
people’s basic need’s are taken care of, and other than that the government
should let the people live their lives to their hearts content as long as they
follow all the laws and maintain citizenship. 

Death Penalty “Law-and-order issues are largely in the hands
of local and state governments. One result: California has 731 people waiting
on death row; Ohio has 147. Meanwhile, New York, Minnesota, and many other
states have no one waiting to be executed because they banned the death penalty
altogether. Should we leave the question of executions to the states? What do
you think?”¹ – I believe that there should be a law that applies to all states
that if the crime committed is severe enough the defendant that was charged
with those crimes should be put to death. I think it should be a Nation wide
decision and known to the public that in no State is it more acceptable to
commit a crime than another. But along with this Nation wide death penalty law,
also needs to come more care and justice within the court system so that
innocent people are not charged for crimes they have not committed.

Church & State “The Good News is a Christian youth club
that wanted to meet in school after class hours. The school district said that
this was a religious worship and would amount to a public schools endorsement
of Christianity. The case went to supreme court. Justices Stevens ( who argues
against Good News) and Scalia (Who supported Good News) each wrote opinions.
Which opinion would you sign on to?”¹  -I
would sign onto Justice Scalia’s opinion which states “Religious expression
cannot violate the establishment clause where it is (1) purely private and (2)
open to all on equal terms. Milford the school district is discriminating
against a religious group since it lets other groups meet.” ¹ Just because the
Good News club is a Christian organization, letting them meet on Campus is in
no way indicating that the School district agrees with what is being stated
within the clubs closed doors. Just as the Drama club or the Glo club are
offered at Chiwana Highschool but it is not believed that the Pasco School
District endorses all belief’s that are portrayed within the clubs after school

Public Opinion “Which side makes more sense to you: The
American Voter, which concludes that the public is clueless? Or TheRational
Public, which insists, on the contrary, that people are the wisest political
actors? The answer to this question is crucial or the practice of democracy.”¹
-I believe very strongly that there is no right or wrong evaluation of the
public’s importance within political decisions. To say that the public should
not have a say in government affairs is false and unfair as the government
should be a resource to better the lives of the public. But in the same way it
would be anything but rational to give all power to the public, for this is the
reason that government officials and higher power were created in the first
place. The best way to improve government would be to both take into
consideration what the public opinion is all the while keeping in mind what
needs to be done for the greater good.

The Media “When you think about the American media, what do
you see for the future of democracy and politics? Are you with optimists or
pessimists?¹ -I believe that media creates only conflict within the Government
and uses any information true or false to gain viewers and increase revenue. In
addition where there is Media there is always fake news, this news spreads
within the political parties confusing everyone who reads it and passes it
along. I agree with the pessimist’s that media only creates conflict. But on
the other hand I see the optimists point of view as they believe that media is
the greatest way to spread news, and this belief would be true if the media was
always censored and it was a fact that every statement made by the media was
accurate and 100% the truth, which at this time in our society is not a

Election Primaries”Starting around two years before each
presidential election, the nations most powerful politicians and skilled
campaign advisors start traveling to two small states. By tradition, Iowa’s
caucuses and New Hampshire’s primary are the first two presidential contests
held every four years- giving them an outsized influence in the process. If you
win or preform better than expected in one or both, you’re launched toward the
nomination. If you do badly in both, your campaign is in trouble. Should they continue
to have such an impotent say in choosing the president?”¹ – I believe in
Election Primaries because they are on a smaller level and because of this they
are also way more personal. The Presidential election is a nationwide event and
can often be dragged on and on throughout the media. The media portraying
whatever they want to often leads to anything but the truth being shown to
their millions of viewers. But the Election Primaries that occur within Iowa’s
caucuses and New Hampshire’s primaries are much more intimate and really
involve the Presidential candidates showing who they truly are to the people in
order to obtain their votes. Within these Election Primaries presidential
candidates get to prove the person they actually are, whether it be the same
person the media has portrayed or else the person that the media has
overlooked. The only way to maintain the fairest Election Primaries is to
continue hosting them in New Hampshire and Iowa because those are the states
that these primaries originally occurred.

Partisanship”Should we be trying to diminish
partisanship?”¹-I believe that partisanship is in the best interest of the
citizens of the United States choices in matters that their political parties
face. Partisanship has become intensified since political parties have become
more secure in what they stand for. As a result of this I believe partisanship
goes to help people when they decide what political party they stand for,
because if they agree with choices of republicans then they must be republican
and otherwise perhaps they may be more democrat. In stating this I am aware
that the decision as to which political party someone is apart of is still not
black and white, and just because someone associates themselves as republican
or democratic it does not always mean they agree with all that political party
stands for.

Congress”The Trustee and the delegate views are both
legitimate ways to represent people. Do what you think best- or do what the
people tell you to do. On every issue, each representative must decide how to
weigh these two key factors. Ask yourself how you would act as a member of the
Senate or the House.”¹ -I believe in the delegate view of things and if I was a
member of the Senate or the House I would listen to what my constituents had to
say as opposed to simply doing what I believe is correct as a trustee would do.
I would do this after showing what I believed would be the right way to handle
the issue and taking into careful consideration what my constituents believe.
Government decisions are all important no matter how small they may seem, every
law passed can have a massive impact on someone’s life so there is no detail
that should be overlooked within all decisions made.

The President”Do you believe the trend toward a strong unitary
executive is a positive or negative?”¹-I believe the trend toward a strong
unitary executive is a positive in that it will hold congress more accountable
for both their actions and that of the president. I believe this because the
strong unitary executive policy will take more of the president’s power and let
congress have more power within decisions

Privatization”Although benefits of privatization are still
debated, research in this area suggests that competitive contracting can save
money and boost quality. However, using private contractors poses its own
problems, including the need for careful over-sight. Do you think we should
privatize more government functions?”¹-I believe that Privatization is in the
best interest of our government as private firms often do the jobs for less
money. By giving jobs to Private firms instead of government types it will help
our economy in the way that not as much money is going out to be paid to the
government parties who would have otherwise been completing these jobs, but it
doesn’t completely eliminate jobs for government officials because these
private firms that take on the jobs will still need government supervision.
Private firms are also the way to go because they are skilled within their
area’s and know how to successfully and efficiently get their jobs done to a
greater standard than the government appointed officials may have. 

JudgesDoes the supreme court have too much power?¹ – I
believe that the supreme court and it’s nine unelected, lifetime appointees are
the easiest way to enforce American law. The best way to maintain overall
justice within the United Stated of America would be to try a case within the
Supreme Court, when trying a case within the Supreme Court it is insured that
both sides of the story will be taken into consideration and all nine officials
will take their time pondering and discussing both sides of the story until a
decision is made.  

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