The year is 1929. You have just
been fired because the company you worked for went bankrupt and was forced to
close. You wait in long lines every day at the soup kitchen in order to get
food. You try to look for work, but unemployment is so high you are unable to
find any work. There is no place you can go to help get you back up on your
feet. Fast forward to 2018, you get laid off from your job. You go to the
unemployment agency and they send you a check to help you stay out of poverty
while you look for a new job. This is a perfect example of how something called
the New Deal helps Americans.
When Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected into office, he
wanted to help the economy. The American economy was still struggling to
recover from the Great Depression. The New Deal programs were Roosevelt’s
attempt to initiate an economic boost. Within his first one hundred days of
office, he implemented 15 New Deal programs (History.com, 2009).
The New Deal programs were significant because they
redefined the American government’s relationship with its citizens. President
Hoover, who had been the president during the Great Depression, believed that
it wasn’t the government’s responsibility to help the country out of the
depression. He believed that the economy would ultimately fix itself. The
programs proposed by Roosevelts were innovative.
The first main goal of these programs was economic
relief. This means to ease the pain of poverty by helping people get food or
other necessities. The second goal was economic recovery. Economic recovery is
working to get the economy back into good shape by helping people get jobs,
find ways to raise the country’s GDP, and find ways to keep unemployment down. The third economic goal was reform. Roosevelt
wanted to change the way the government handled national economic depression
and recession. (Koren, 2015).
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
This agency focused on providing jobs for the
unemployed. Single men between the ages of 18 and 25 were given jobs in places
like forests and parks. The men received 30 dollars a month which they were
allowed to send home to their families to help out if they wanted. They also
received housing, clothing, and training for their work.
Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
The New Deal program’s goal was to offer immediate
relief. This relief was directed to those who were unemployed, and the relief
Social Security Act (SSA)
The Social Security Act is meant to provide financial
security for certain groups of individuals. These individuals include elderly
people and handicapped. These people are sent monthly checks to compensate for
their old age and/or disability. This program also provides pension systems for
state-run unemployment insurance programs.
National Industry Recovery Act (NIRA)
The purpose of NIRA was to regulate working conditions.
This act set production limits/ quotas. It also set a price range for goods.
NIRA also gave more power to workers’ unions.
Public Works Administration (PWA)
The PWA’s intentions were to provide work for public
works projects. These projects included auditoriums, schools, bridges, a
deep-water port and two aircraft carriers.
New Deal Flaws
most people were helped by the New Deal, there were a few that were not helped
as much. One group of people that minimally benefitted from the New Deal were minorities
such as Mexican Americans and African American. Another group of people that
were hurt were the farm workers. The Agricultural Adjustment Act gave farm
owners money to not produce as much which meant that the farms didn’t need as
many workers anymore (Dobbs, 2017).
though the New Deal was put into effect 85 years ago, it still has an impact on
today’s American society. Many of the New Deal programs are still around such
as the SSA, TVA, FDIC, and many more. These programs help the American economy,
no matter what condition it is in. The New Deal helped shape today’s American