The IoT’s history can be
tracked back into the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from the
Auto-ID Center. This group was founded in 1999 which worked in the field of
networked radio frequency identification (RIFD) and also in emerging sensing technologies.
The lab consisted of seven (7) research universities located across four (4)
continents which were selected by the Auto-ID Center to design the architecture
for IoT. The Internet of Things (IoT) was “Born” between 2008 and 2009.
According to Cisco IBSG, there will be around 25 billion devices connected to
the Internet by 2015 and 50 billion by 2020. We also know that around 2 billion
people are using the Internet today and by referring to this figure, the number
of devices per person jumps to 6.25 in 2010 instead of 1.84. This shows great
improvement for the IoT. This is because the IoT is made up of disparate and
purpose-built networks like cars which have multiple networks for the car to
function properly. Not only that, the IoT is not only made up of cars and
houses which requires multiple networks but also the cows, water pipes, people,
and also even shoes, trees and animal have become connected to IoT. So this
makes the IoT to be applicable for almost everything. 

            In order for us to understand IoT in detail, we must
first be able to understand and distinguish the differences between the
Internet and Web. The Internet is the physical layer or network made up of
switches, routers, and other equipment. Its primary function is to transport
information from one point to another quickly, reliably, and securely. The web,
on the other hand, is an application layer that operates on top of the
Internet. Its primary role is to provide an interface that makes the
information flowing across the Internet usable. The evolution of the web can be
staged from its origin where it was first called the Advanced Research which
was mainly used for academic research purposes and it evolved until it is now
called the “social” or “experience” web.

The IoT can be applied into
many things. Even cows also can be connected. According to a report by The
Economist titled “Augmented Business” have described on how the cows can
monitored where a Dutch company named Sparked have implanted sensors in the
cattle’s ears. This sensor enables farmers to monitor their livestocks. Not
only that, the IoT also can be used in creating positive economic impact and
also in closing the poverty gap. A study shows that in Delhi, India the poverty
gap is wide and the IoT was used to minimize and enhance the economic growth in
that area. Furthermore, IoT also can be used to safe people’s life mainly the
elderly people. Scientists have used the IoT to create a device which can
detect a person’s vital signs and send an alert to the healthcare professional
when any incidents occur. However, this device was stopped due to the several
barriers like the power supply for the device and also on the agreement on
standards of the device. This barriers could slow down the development of the

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