yEnglish even, battles over land. The need
Ever since the Industrial revolution, technology has been changing
fast pace. People are always wanting a better lifestyle therefore there is
always something new arising so humans can cope with their physical
One of the most important breakthroughs for technology was the
system. The agricultural system was the basis for the technology of the
The agricultural system brought on the need for transportation, workers and
battles over land. The need for transportation brought vehicles into the
The need for employees brought mechanical robots into society. Battles
land brought on the need for sophisticated weapons. The agricultural
brought on a revolution. The invention of the television can bring media
other forms of entertainment into your house with video and audio combined.
Before 1950, newspapers and radio were the only ways to bring media or
entertainment into the house. Mass production and other job opportunities
brought many people from the suburbs and farms into the city. We can now
forms of electricity directed into our houses for heating and light.
more reliant on technology then ever before. All of these technological
advances sound great, however, there is a negative effect to all this
Technology can serve to actually harm humans rather then help them.
between companies or even cities can sometimes make lives for humans even
Take for example when a city builds better and more roads to attract
This actually creates more traffic, not less. Technology also changes our
of common purpose. New inventions such as the personal computer and
can change our lifestyles. Even things we take for granted such as the
automobile have negative effects on technology. The oil needed for a car
needs to be imported and sometimes accidents such as the Exxon Valdez
spills many gallons of oil into the ocean. All of these examples show how
technology has negative effects on society.
First, competition can lead to a negative effect of technology.
company in the U.S. produces shoes and a company in Great Britain produces
as well, they must fight for their market share. Lets say the company in
Britain purchases more machines that will reduce the amount of workers
and improve output, then they can reduce the price of their product. If
company in New York doesn’t follow in their footsteps then they could be
out of business. In this case the company is forced into buying the
just so they can stay in business. This has a negative effect on the
who will be replaced by the new machines. When a city wants to attract
by building better roads to lessen traffic there is a mistake because this
only create more traffic since there will be more people wanting to travel
roads. McManus says the inability to see the future is responsible for the
negative effects of new technologies. He also states better roads cause
traffic congestion, not less. By creating better roads, more people will
to travel these roads (A-1). If New York City built a new sophisticated
highway to attract more tourists then more New Yorkers will want to travel
roads as well. Many New Yorkers who previously used mass transit to travel
work will now want to use a car to travel to work. In effect there will be
traffic and more pollution. There will be other side effects as well.
estate values of areas near the highway could go down. Competition can
community in one aspect however it can hurt it as well. Competition can
directly stimulate the economy, however, long term effects such as
the loss of jobs could explain why the City of New York doesn’t complete a
project like this.
Second, technology can change our sense of common purpose. For
of years, mankind has been used to doing everything for themselves. For a
time peoples’ main concerns were survival. To survive means to go out into
woods or forests and shoot animals for the food which the family needs to
for the day. People of modern society never think about hunting for food
clothes. Now, it is all brought to people instantly through a new standard
survival. The new standard for survival means making money to go to a mall
supermarket and getting everything a family needs. A family can get food
clothing at these places without ever having to go into a forest or a lake.
This thought is ever so frightening. When a person from modern society
into a supermarket and buys a pound of fish, he or she doesn’t even think
process that went into the arrival of that piece of fish. He or she didn’t
to go to a lake, all that was needed was to drive to your local supermarket
buy it. No fishing or hunting was necessary. Humans are losing their
common purpose. “But what ‘revenge effect’ will this have? The technology-
resistance movement begins by pointing out that we are cobbling together
communities while our real cities crumble, at least partly because our
common purpose has frayed. Today, only about 5 percent of American
are on-line, but what happens, the critics wonder, when half the country is
wired? Will we escape the unpleasant complications of the world outside
locked doors by opting for communities in ‘cyberspace,’ where we can enjoy
company of people who share our interests and our views? Where the streets
need to be cleaned and you don’t have to keep an eye on your neighbor’s
What happens if the sirens outside become too distracting? Will we simply
insulated drapes? (Reed 46).” Humans are getting lazy. Almost everything
be done for them in advance. However, sometimes this change in lifestyle
forced upon humans. When a company decides to buy robots to do the job
once did, then the human is forced into either getting fired or watching
machine all day long. Hopefully humans will not get used to watching a
all the work for them. Technology has definitely changed the lifestyle and
common purpose of many humans.
Finally, tecnology we take for granted such as the automobile can
negative “domino chain effect” on society. The automobile must have been
the greatest inventions in the last 100 years. It has helped the United
to grow in ways never imaginable before. It allowed people to move out of
highly congested cities and move into more peaceful neighborhoods. Yet it
let people feel as if they were still a short drive away from the city.
the negative effects of the automobile were not thought of in those days.
it is clear of what negative effects the automobile has on society.
In recent years, though, we have begun to realize just how much these ways
making life easier are costing us–or future generations. Think about
that’s involved in the act of driving a car. First, the metal in the body
car has to be mined. The plastic on the dashboard and other places probably
from petroleum. (Plastics can also be made from coal or natural gas.)
also becomes the gasoline that powers the car. Extracting the petroleum
wells and refineries all over the world. Tankers carry the oil across the
Sometimes, as in the case of the 1989 Exxon Valdez incident in Alaska’s
William Sound, they spill it. Spills can kill birds, fish, and marine
the thousand. But major tanker spills account for only 12 percent or so of
oil that enters the sea in a typical year. The rest–less dramatic but more
destructive–comes from routine operations such as loading and unloading of
tankers. Cleaning up after spills and urban pollution is a daunting task,
can be done. (Herring 19)
Automobiles are a good example of how technology can backfire on this
Automobile exhausts are polluting the atmosphere so much that the next big
technological advancement should be to find a way to heal the environment.
However, healing the environment sounds like a great plan except the demand
the use of automobiles, planes and trains keep rising. As the demand
there will be a need to find enough oil and petroleum to run these modes of
transportation. Soon, there will not be enough of these resources left and
there will be severe counter-effects on society if all of these modes of
transportation are taken away. Humans take for granted these modes of
transportation. Humans often live miles away from their place of business.
transportation means there is no way to get to work unless you switch to a
within walking range of your house. No transportation means no money and
eventually no food. The reliance on technologies we take for granted is
negative effect of tecnology.
In conclusion, society has recently seen the negative effects of
society. Competition between cities and companies has taken away jobs and
brought unwanted and costly projects into pleasurable areas. A change in
lifestyle among almost every human being is yet another negative effect of
technology. What has happened to people since supermarkets came to town?
People do not want to hunt for food anymore. They find it much easier to
into a store and purchase it. A third reason why technology has a negative
effect on society is the advent of highly reliant possessions such as the
automobile. Many people count on traveling to work everyday by car. If
was somehow taken away from people then there would be chaos. It is much
late to take it away. Humans are much too reliant on it. There is not
mass transit to transport all of the present car users. Hopefully, future
technologies will be fully considered. We must look at the advantages and
consequences and measure if society will benefit or suffer from the
Past technologies weren’t fully considered and if they were, there is a
that the automobile never would have went into production.