The
primitive and animalistic nature in us can sometimes foster fear, brutality,
and savagery that exist in us. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding’s
effective use of characterization conveys that all humans are capable of evil
due to their inherent human nature. Golding depicts this theme through the littluns
and Jack.

 Golding reinforces that humans
are innately evil through the most seemingly innocent children. After the first
successful pig hunt, the boys decide to re-enact the pig hunt using a tribal
dance. But later, they are unable to distinguish between their companions and
the pigs they kill for food and entertainment, thus leading to Simon’s death. This
shows that the boys’ desire towards savagery grows stronger and their lust
towards blood intensifies, thus leading them to be dehumanized. The murder of
Simon also demonstrates the littluns’ complete transformation to savagery.

Furthermore, when the boys re-enact their hunt, they scream, “Kill the beast!
Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” This quote demonstrates the littluns’ brutal
desire for killing and blood. The littluns are now oblivious to the moral rules
of the civilized society and their inner bestiality has finally emerged..     

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Golding uses
Jack as another example to solidify his point that humans are inherently savage.

Ralph accuses Jack of being “a beast and a swine and a bloody, bloody
thief!” (179).. When hunting, he paints his face as a mask to free himself
from self-consciousness and to escape from the rules of the civilized
society.  After killing the first pig, Jack’s
mind is crowded with “memories … when they closed in
on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing,
imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink.”
Jack enjoys the feeling of killing a pig and wants to impose his will upon the
beast. He feels pride and excitement not from finding meat for his companions
but from killing the pigs. This shows that Jack’s inner savagery is waking up.

Later on, the desire for blood, wildness urges Jack to put his evil ideas in
motion. He paints his hunters’ faces with red, white, and green, occupies the
castle rock as his shelter and rules his tribe as a dictator. Without any sense
of morality, Jack governs with absolute and dominate power, punishes anyone who
impedes or disobeys him. In the end, he transforms into a dictator, a savage,
and more importantly, a true “beast”.

By using
characterization, Golding conveys that all human beings have the capacity to be
evil and he also reveals the true primal nature of the littluns and Jack. The
numerous brutal act done by Jack and his tribe support Golding’s argument.

Golding shows us that children are born with savagery hidden in themselves.

When they are exposed to the vile world, their primitive instinct emerges and
their innocence can be lost forever.   

 

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