The Kyoto Protocol is an
international agreement about climate change and global warming. The Kyoto
Protocol was given its name from the location where it was approved in Kyoto,
Japan. It was adopted on December 11, 1997. 
The first phase of the Kyoto Protocol went into effect on February 16,
2005. It was adopted by over 40 countries.

         One of the major environmental issues
that the Kyoto Protocol addressed is that several countries have too high levels
of greenhouse gas emissions.  These
emissions were caused by factories and automobiles and is one of the main
contributing factors to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol deals with this
issue by requiring the following countries Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Community, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco,
Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to reduce emissions by 8%.
The United States of America needs to decrease emissions by 7%. Canada,
Hungary, Japan and Poland agreed with a 6% reduction. Croatia agreed to reduce
the amount of greenhouse gases by 5%. The reason for the different percentages
is because the more industrialized countries must decrease their emissions by a
higher percentage than the lesser developed countries. (de Boer, page 13)

        A second environmental issue that the
Kyoto Protocol tackled was how to help these countries use natural processes to
help reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. An example of one of these
processes is to have a country plant more trees. Trees use up Carbon Dioxide
from the air. This helps reduce the amount of greenhouse gases in the
atmosphere.  One of the other ways the Kyoto
Protocol helped reduce the overall global greenhouse gas emissions was by
creating a program called the CDM – “Clean Development Mechanism”. The CDM encouraged
more developed countries to invest in a less developed countries’ technology and
infrastructure to help that less developed country reduce their Greenhouse gas emissions.
The more developed country could use the less developed country’s emission
reduction as a credit towards their own reduction requirement.

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     Greenpeace is an organization that was
established in 1971 by Irving and Dorothy Stowe. They are a peaceful
organization that promotes a green future and a sustainable world.  One of their main objectives is to make use
of renewable energy. Their website states “With technology already available,
renewable energy sources like wind, solar, and geothermal can provide 96
percent of our electricity and 98 percent of heating demand…. That’s not just
good for the environment; it’s good for the economy, too. ” (Greenpeace USA)
Greenpeace is excited by the fact that large companies such as Apple and Google
are making significant investments in wind and solar energy. Greenpeace’s would
like to “keep coal, oil and gas in the ground and build a United States powered
by 100 percent renewable energy.” (Greenpeace USA)

           Lester Brown founded Worldwatch
institute in 1974. They do fact-based research about the world’s
sustainability. They have two of their own publications, Worldwatch Magazine
and Vital Signs Online. One of their main strategies is to create a plan to
transition countries to using sustainable energy. The Worldwatch Institute is developing
“Sustainable Energy Roadmaps”. “Our approach involves examining a country’s
renewable resources potential for renewable energy production such as wind,
solar, small hydropower and biomass… Equally important, we analyze funding
options that might be available from private, public, and multilateral
institutions to help bring renewable energy projects into being.” (Worldwatch
Institute). The Worldwatch Institute feels that if they help create a plan for
the countries trying to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and switch to
using renewable energy, it will help the environment in the long run.

       If I had money to donate I would choose
to give it to the Worldwatch Institute. The main reason I chose the Worldwatch
Institute is because they are not only telling a country to use renewable
energy, they are created Roadmaps and real methods to help each country accomplish
this goal. Another reason I chose to donate to the Worldwatch Institute is
because they have their own media publications. I think that this helps make
their organization more well known.

 

 

 

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