The power besides the King and the
The Transatlantic Slave Trade started in in the 15th century and ended in the 19th century. The slave trade greatly affected Africa’s economic performance. In the beginning of the slave trade, the people of Africa were against their people being taken away and used for manual labor. It is horrible to think that the majority of people in Africa were okay with their own people being sold as slaves. Some African countries were not okay with it but unfortunately most looked the other way because they were making money. They would take the weak and poor people and sell them to the English that were traveling to the “New World” to expand the British Empire. The Africans did not care because even though most of Northern Africa was taken over by the British, they were making money. Africa was made up of mostly poor people but with the money they were making through the slave trade, they were making lots of profit and becoming rich. This soon turned to be just like every civilization, where there were upper class rich people who had all the power besides the King and the middle class and the poor. The British would dock on the coast of Africa and they would come with goods and money and the Africans would have people locked up that they would then exchange. The British did this with numerous African tribes and even though some tried to defy the slave trade, most of them went along with it, to give the British extra slaves if they paid more. Circa 1400 and 1900, all of Africa was going through many different slave trades. They were trading to the new colonies and to South America/Middle America. The most well known part of the slave trade took place in West Africa most of the trades were shipped from. There were many other slave trades like the trans-Saharan slave trade, the Red Sea slave trade and the Indian Ocean slave trade. These dated back much farther than the Transatlantic slave trade. Africa’s Slave trade was much different than the other slave trades because of many reason. The number of slaves that were traded was innumerable. There were around 12 million slaves traded from Africa around the world. If it were to keep going, that would have torn up the population of Africa. It would soon have been just the rich people that sold the slaves and the middle class would have been gone as well. There were another six million slaves that were traded in the Indian, Red Sea, and Saharan slave trades. One horrible fact was that there were hundreds of thousand slaves that were killed while being shipped across the Atlantic ocean and in raids from people trying to steal riches. “According to calculations by Patrick Manning, was that by 1850 Africa’s population was only half of what it would have been had the slave trades not taken place. Africa’s slave trades were also unique because, unlike previous slave trades, individuals of the same or similar ethnicities enslaved one another. This had particularly detrimental consequences, including social and ethnic fragmentation, political instability and a weakening of states, and the corruption of judicial institutions. The most common manner in which slaves were taken was through villages or states raiding one another. Where groups of villages had previously developed into larger-scale village federations, relations between the villages tended to turn hostile. As a result, ties between villages were weakened, which in turn impeded the formation of larger communities and broader ethnic identities.”. This is from Patrick Manning who makes a important statement about how half of the African Population was taken away because of the Slave Trade. It talks about how many African Villages that were peaceful turned into hostile ones because they wanted to protect their people. There were big villages that would go and capture people from other villages and take them to sell for the slave trade. Kusimba (2004, p. 66) writes that “insecurity confined people within ethnic boundaries constructing spheres of interaction.”. The terrible and vicious cycle was that there was disorder, violence and insecurity in Africa. This resulted in the people wanting weapons to fight. They were able to get weapons from the British and were able to buy them by trading away slaves. They were able to get these slaves through kidnapping them and forcing them to labor. “Historians have named this vicious cycle the “gun–slave cycle” or the “iron–slave cycle””. It was easier to trade slaves from West Africa because it was closer to the “New Land” so that is where they acquired a majority of their slaves. “the consequence of internal conflict was increased political instability and in many cases the collapse of preexisting forms of government (Lovejoy 2000, pp. 68–70). In sixteenthcentury northern Senegambia, the Portuguese slave trade was a key factor leading to the eventual disintegration of the Joloff Confederation, the Gweno kingdom, and the Pare states in East Africa’s Pangani valley. The most dramatic example may be the Kongo kingdom of West-Central Africa–For many of the other Bantu-speaking ethnicities, stable states also existed in earlier periods, but by the time the slave trades were brought to an end, few ancient states remained.”. This led to be one reason of Africa’s underdevelopment; they sold off most of their people and their country fell short of people. There are many examples of how America came to be as a developed and modern country but in fact though it is not something that many would like to agree with, it was because of slavery. In the “New World”, slaves were used for everything and they did all the labor while others had ideas and new inventions. Back in Africa, there was a lack for inventions because of the absence of labor. Before the people were sold off to be Slaves, they lived normal lives. When it came to the British wanting more slaves, that is when they took them. They had people that worked and did manual labor but after some time, they were all gone. They had been sold off to the British and soon there was very few people left to do all that work. “Slavery was corruption: it involved theft, bribery, and exercise of brute force as well as ruses. Slavery thus may be seen as one source of pre colonial origins for modern corruption.” This was written by Patrick Manning who again makes a very important point about how slavery was to blame for everything. Even though just about every country that had slavery, wouldn’t be where they are today without it. People know how bad it really was and use it as an excuse to why modern day civilization is as “corrupt” as it is, though there are many people who do agree that slavery is not an excuse for anything and morally that is correct. “Head to a village in northern Ghana or indeed many villages in West Africa and at times you might wonder what century you are in. Even though Ghana has achieved impressive growth rates in recent years, the scene in many rural areas appears to have changed little with grass thatched mud walled huts. There is often no electricity and yes, the water is collected in plastic containers these days but it is still quite an effort to fetch it.” This is an article written by the BBC, speaking about how because of the slave trade, there are countries that are so underdeveloped that they are in living conditions that people lived in hundred of year ago.The Slave Trade affected Africa’s economy significantly, thus shaping Africa to be greatly impoverished. Through improvisation and forced labor the Atlantic Slave Trade negatively affected Africa and it caused many future problems.