That experts predict that in the not

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That is why the
Middle East has long been the focus of great powers, which has led these powers
to make different definitions of the Middle East for the sake of their broad
interests and needs.


Similarly, there
is no disagreement over the precise use of the term Middle East or the Near
East. The extent of the geographical area and the countries that fall within
this range is also unlikely to occur, for some countries, such as the Gulf
States and the Hellenic Empire, plus Yemen And Turkey are in the Middle East,
but North Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Cyprus are dispersed, but in the
Middle East.

So the meaning of the Middle East has always been variable. Some have used it
in the vast geographic description of the Indian subcontinent to North Africa,
and they use the Middle East to describe the Arab-Israeli conflict, and they
describe the other Gulf and Arabian peninsula.

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Factors such as
the massive increase in the population of the planet and the untapped use of
environmental resources have left their impact on the environment, including
water resources, to meet the economic needs. Water resources have long been
considered as important issues in the domestic policy scene, especially in arid
and low-water areas such as the Middle East. Water experts predict that in the
not too distant tensions, national, regional and international conflicts will increase
the water issue, and since all need fresh and clean water, it will not be
distant that the future wars of the world will be over. Water resources. In the
past 50 years, there have been 37 cases of violence among countries over water,
all of which are in the Middle East, except for seven. As the UN says, water
scarcity is an acute crisis throughout the Middle East. A crisis that can only
be controlled through macroeconomic and realistic planning based on
international interactions, using all the capabilities and capabilities. This
article, using library and documentary studies, studies the status and
dimensions of the water crisis in the Middle East, and challenges and solutions
to this problem. Given what has been achieved, what is needed is to create a
global plan and action to ensure access to safe water for the world. Developing
national and regional policies and increasing international aid to developing
and underdeveloped countries, especially in the Middle East region, will be
very effective in tackling this problem alongside this global agenda.4



4. Tourism

In 2017, the tourism industry in the Middle East has enjoyed a relative
boom thanks to Russian and Chinese travelers. According to the World Tourism
Organization’s annual report, this year, the Middle East attracted 58 million
foreign tourists, and the tourism industry in this region grew 4.8 percent
year-on-year. In 2016, the number of tourists in the Middle East declined,
especially as a result of terrorist attacks in Tunisia, Turkey and Egypt. In
general, Middle Eastern countries are hoping to attract more tourists from
Russia and China in the next couple of years, as well as increase the number of
domestic voyages, AFP reported. For example, Egypt is now expecting more
tourists to come from neighboring countries. In 2017, the number of tourists
arrived in Egypt rose 55% year-on-year. But unlike previous years, the main
contribution of these tourists is not the European. According to one Egyptian
tourist official, before the year 2010, about 80% of European and Russian
passengers were dropped, but now this figure has fallen by 50%. Instead,
Chinese and Indian travelers have suddenly grown in Egypt. Most importantly,
only 15% of the Egyptian tourism industry was previously dependent on the Arab
countries of the region, up from 30% last year. Turkey, which faced a sharp
decline in passenger traffic in 2016, increased its tourist numbers by 33% in
2017. Turkey hopes that foreign tourists will exceed 40 million tourists in
2018. It is expected that the Russians will form the main part of these
tourists. Iranians, Ukrainians, Georgians and Bulgarians also have an important
contribution to tourists entering Turkey. This is also important for countries
like Egypt and Turkey, which is not as affordable as the European and American
tourists, given the average money spent by each tourist.

The Middle Eastnote 1 is a transcontinental region centered on Western
Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North
Africa). The corresponding adjective is Middle Eastern and the derived noun is
Middle Easterner. The term has come into wider usage as a replacement of the
term Near East (as opposed to the Far East) beginning in the early 20th

Arabs, Turks, Persians, Kurds, and Azeris (excluding Azerbaijan) constitute
the largest ethnic groups in the region by population.2 Minorities of the
Middle East include Jews, Baloch, Greeks, Assyrians, and other Arameans,
Berbers, Circassians (including Kabardians), Copts, Druze, Lurs, Mandaeans,
Samaritans, Shabaks, Tats, and Zazas. In the Middle East, there is also a
Romani community. European ethnic groups that form a diaspora in the region
include Albanians, Bosniaks, Crimean Tatars, Franco-Levantines, and
Italo-Levantines. Among other migrant populations are Bengalis as well as other
Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Indonesians, Pakistanis, and Sub-Saharan Africans.

The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the
(geopolitical) importance of the region being recognized for
millennia.345 Several major religions have their origins in the Middle
East, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; the Baha’i faith, Mandaeism,
Unitarian Druze, and numerous other belief systems were also established within
the region.

The Middle East generally has a hot, arid climate, with several major
rivers providing irrigation to support agriculture in limited areas such as the
Nile Delta in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates watersheds of Mesopotamia, and
most of what is known as the Fertile Crescent.

Most of the countries that border the Persian Gulf have vast reserves of
crude oil, with monarchs of the Arabian Peninsula in particular benefiting
economically from petroleum exports.3


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