Summary Robert Whitman. This group was then named
Not since the arrival
of the camera has something come along to change the style of art making’s
possibilities on such a grand scale as digital art. Digital art captures an
artistic work or practice that uses any form of digital technology as part of
its creation or presentation process. As the digital age began its march into
the world between 1950 and 1970, it was only a matter of time before artists would
grasp its progressive technologies for their own creative output. As with all
new mediums, artists began to use these bold new innovations of society,
including television, the introduction of the personal computer, the
accessibility of audio and visual software, and eventually the internet, into
works of their own. Although digital art is not recognized as a distinct
movement, we will no doubt continue to see it unfold into a, ever-changing
landscape, making itself an alternative to traditional means of art making for
a post-millennial society.
· Digital art made a relationship between artists
and engineers/scientists, which discovered the connections between art and
technology. Artists began to explore these technologies, they were not just using
the new medium but were they also asking viewers to reflect upon the impact of
· Digital art greatly expanded the artist’s skills
from just the traditional raw materials into the new skills of electronic
technologies. Instead of brush and acrylic, artists could now paint with light,
pixels and sound. Instead of paper, artists could use digital imagery or
computer-generated graphics. Instead of physical, two-dimensional canvas,
artists could create three-dimensional graphic works for projection on screen
or via multimedia projection.
· Digital Art has changed the wat that art could be made, viewed and
distributed, though some digital art leans heavily on the traditional style of galleries
and museums for viewing, especially for work that requires machinery or complex
components. but usually now Digital Art work can be seen via TV, computer
screens, Internet or Social media. This has made it a lot easier for artists to
get themselves noticed without the help from big museums or people.
Art and Technology, The
In 1967, a group was formed created by engineers Billy
Kluver and Fred Waldhauer, and artists Robert Rauschenberg and Robert Whitman.
This group was then named “EAT” which was short for (Experiments in Art and
Technology) and its aim was promote the collaboration between art and the world
installations and performances which involved innovative electronic systems,
including electrical circuity, video projection, Doppler sonar and wireless
sound projection. This was a good step as it gave good groundwork for this type
of art which embraced and explored the technological progress.
The EAT experiments
represented the connection between artists and technology that would have never
happened without them. They directed the canons of Conceptual art, Experimental
noise music, theatre from eras of Dada, Performance art and the happenings of
the 1960s into the revolutionary digital age.
The first widely known piece was created in the 1960s in
the scientific research company Bell Labs where the founder of EAT Billy Kluver
worked. The piece was made by Kenneth C. Knowlton who was a computer graphics
specialist. His work was a photograph of a young nude woman and he turned the
image into computer pixels.
The Beginnings of the
the internet was a big hit around the 1990s, this was a big deal for everyone,
but it also helped a lot of Digital artists become more skilled and helping
them become more noticeable. It allowed artists to begin learning new mediums
which involved combing words, images, audio and video files.
The internet helped create a new type of
movement in some people’s eyes which was different from Digital Art, this was
called Internet Art or Net.Art. But it was usually linked with the Digital art
movement which was getting bigger and bigger because of the advantages of the
new technology which was being created and developed.
The internet was a great help for people to
speak and communicate easier which allowed the artists to come together and
easily create work all from their own computer screen which was impossible for
artists in the past as they could never communicate or interact with other
artists around the world.
Exploring the Internet
When the internet
started becoming bigger and bigger a lot of artists used this to further their
work so that they could become more noticeable or viral in internet terms. This
soon became a big Artistic medium for artists.
Take Justin Kemp Psuedo
Event 2008, in which viewers would scroll horizontally to view a collage of
photos taken at ribbon cutting events.
Concept and Styles
The Digital Arts definition can be very broad
as there is many different types of styles and work but it usually involves
work that has a Digital aspect or has technological means.
This is some of the main categories I have found.
Art can also be a physical piece and not just on a screen, this is usually
created through a sculpture.
Kevin Marks work is created by using a 3D
printer which is easily setup and a lot easier than doing a normal sculpture as
it is a lot easier to carve the form in a computer program than using clay or
Many digital sculptures can even still be used as working
technology as seen by Trevor Paglen and Jacob Applebaums work “Autonomy Cube
(2014) which is both a sculptural object and an open access Wi-Fi hotspot,
Computer Generated Imagery
computers first came about, artists used the computers programming and
technology to help with their work and to maybe update it to make it look
better. Technology and programming systems to Update their artwork.
Fifty Years later, when computer graphic
software started being sold to the public, artists started using these programs
from the advertising and graphic design industries, allowing them to make their
Joseph Nechvatal, who is an artist who creates computer-assisted
paintings, animations and custom-designed computer viruses. His early pieces from
1986, Nechvatal has been fascinated with the relationship between reality
Art on Screen
Most Digital Artwork is
produced in a format that it can only be seen on a screen, which means that
without this technology the work would have never been created or seen, artists
can now showcase their work online on the internet or even YouTube just like
the artist/YouTuber Petra Cortright who uses her youtuve channel to show off
her animated graphics, she uses this on her live YouTube channel, so she can
create a make-believe life with her real one
has been a big part of Digital Art, Bruce Wands who is an Author who wrote a
book called “Art of the Digital Age (2006) was once said quoting that the
“Creative Possibilities of interactivity and the development of immersive environments
were both given a large boost by the arrival of computers in installation art,
which allowed artists increased control over the interactive experience and
access to cyberspace and virtual worlds.”
of art lets the viewers feel the full experience and makes it feel like real
life even though it is all made up.
In 2012 a group called Random International made
a piece named “Rain Room” an experimental installation where rain water would
fall on the person, this was only possible because of the 3D trackers that
followed them about, which had been programmed to stop the fall of the rain
water wherever the person was standing, this meaning the person could feel and
experience a rain storm without ever getting wet. which would have been impossible without the
assistance of Digital technology.
The piece encouraged viewers to consider the
relationship between Man, Nature and Machine.
Internet as Medium
Digital Art tools can be accessed
by anyone not that every person in the world can have a computer at their home
allowing artists to make a new environment within the art scene. This let the
artists to be able to bypass the museums and showcase their work online and
giving them an even bigger exposure to people around the world.
some artists even used internet as a marketing
tool to upload projects on their own websites, one artist
Andrew Benson is a glitch artist,
live-visuals performer, and software creator, he is also a teacher. His works
allow website visitors to interact in his web-based work Bouncy
Gradient, you can add as
many jagged, rainbow-tinted shapes as you want, and watch as they twist and
rebound off of each other and against your browser’s edges
Interactive technologies has allowed social
media and user generated content to be shared easily and people to be able to
showcase and edit work in so many different ways.