Members by the President. The remaining seats are

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Members of the House elect the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker from among themselves. The Speaker acts as the presiding officer of the House and, in his absence, the Deputy Speaker acts for him.

2. The Rajya Sabha:The Rajya Sabha is a permanent body not subject to dissolution, elected indirectly, and its total strength cannot exceed 250. Twelve members, who have distinguished themselves in literature, arts, science or social service, are nominated by the President. The remaining seats are distributed among the States and Union Territories. The representatives of the States are elected by the members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States concerned by the method of single transferable vote. The representatives of Union Territories are to be chosen in such manner as Parliament may by law prescribe. A candidate for membership of the Rajya Sabha must be a citizen of India and he should not be less than 30 years of age. One-third of the members must retire once in two years, and their places are filled by fresh election.

The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

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