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Romanticism is an artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th century and is characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on an individual’s expression of emotion and imagination, a departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions.

Romantic writers usually involve one or more of 7 different ideas associated with Romanticism in their writings. These ideas are: a profound love of nature; focus on the self and the individual; stress on emotion and not reason; fascination with the supernatural, mysterious and gothic; yearning for the picturesque, the exotic, and the misty past; deep-rooted idealism; passionate nationalism, or love of country. The stories and poems of Poe, Irving, Cooper, and Bryant involve these characteristics.

In The Fall of the House of Usher an example of one of the 7 ideas is the mysterious atmosphere of the house and the people inside of it. In Bryants Thanatopsis a profound love of nature is shown.The other stories focus on the individual, like in The Devil and Tom Walker. Tom is focused on his own personal gain no matter what it costs. He is faced with meeting the devil and you know the rest.These are just a few examples but through reading the stories you can find the rest.

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Category: English

Categories: Poems

Romanticism yearning after a spiritual independence that the

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Romanticism literature in poetry and how it effects everyday society. I have no quarrel, it is scarcely necessary to add, either with the man of science or the romanticist when they keep in their proper place. (Gleckner 33). Some people are still unclear of the exact boundaries in which literature is considered Romanticism, but few common relations seem to be apparent in all or most pieces.The Romantic believes that the particular qualities which make-up humanness – mind, purpose, consciousness, will, personality are unique in known phylogeny, and are so far at variance with the physical conditions in which man exists that they are irrelevant to the general structure of physical reality.(Gleckner 123). As the drunken era of over-doped writers started their 1770’s few thought with such creativeness as Irving’s Rip Van Winkle. People became obsessed by the idea of freedom, and the writers became rebels, perpetually in revolt against conservative society, yearning after a spiritual independence that the current age denied them. Hero of American Romanticism: male, young, innocence, love of nature, distrust to town life.(Arpin 120).

Romanticism logic might have been considered a waste of laboring effort to conceive but, it made a revolutionary path for new way of thinking for an old school society. The Romantic attitude to life and art has a subjective foundation is not to be denied.( Gleckner 260). Romantic poetry and thought have their starting-point in the poet himself, in his aspirations and in his experience. On the one hand, his aspiration to a certain fullness of being, to a certain purity of spiritual life, to harmony and unity, a yearning toward the absolute. On the other hand, a visionary experience which responds to this aspiration and which assures the soul of the validity of its dream and of its hope. To understand the romantic doctrine, it is therefore necessary to scrutinize the experiences which the romantics thought crucial and from which all their intellectual activity arose. In these germinal experiences, there are many individual differences which cannot delay as here. The readers only know the word as the poet decided to show it to them. The interpretation in which one can receive from the piece is left for society to experience. Thus, as romantic literature everywhere developed, imagination was praised over reason, emotions over logic, and intuition over science-making way for a vast body of literature of great sensibility and passion.(Funk 1). Proper object of the romantic poetic experience is in fact, a sort of matter-spirit continuum. For the English romantic poets, nature is not the treasure-house of all that is primitive, chaotic, savage, or sensational. It is the archetype and the accomplished model of all creation. Their metaphysics may be thought rather unstable: they are not English for nothing. But they have brought into being what might be called a philosophy of creativity, which is the core of their thought, in the same way as the experience in which this philosophy originates in its vital core. The Romantics found in nature a far less clearly defined divinity; their experiences is usually recorded as a more generalized emotional and intellectual awakening.(Arpin 119).
Such an approach allows us to see the romantic doctrine of nature and art in its proper perspective. Nature, as revealed by the poetic experience, is a tertium quid born of the meeting and interpretation of two opposite forces: the unity and organizing power of the spirit, and diversity and chaos of matter. The idealizing and certifying function of art is, no doubt, something of a commonplace. (Gleckner 166). But for the romantics a poem’s unity and ideal quality do not arise out of strictly intellectual or technical operation; they are arrived at, as in neoclassicism, by taking general types according to fixed rules. They are, on the contrary, the culmination of an organic process in which the poets create a work which is a symbol. As a critic, Poe defended the doctrine of art for art’s sake; and his poems their best have a curious rhythmic fascination.(Quennell 178).

The Romantic Movement began to take shape in England many years before it emerged any where else where it would reach its highest point during the productive 1830’s. Romantic feelings had always existed; but only

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Categories: Emotions

Romanticism concentrated on human diversity and looking

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Romanticism began in the early 19th century and radically
changed the way people perceived themselves and the state of nature
around them. Unlike Classicism, which stood for order and established
the foundation for architecture, literature, painting and music,
Romanticism allowed people to get away from the constricted, rational
views of life and concentrate on an emotional and sentimental side of
humanity. This not only influenced political doctrines and ideology,
but was also a sharp contrast from ideas and harmony featured during
the Enlightenment. The Romantic era grew alongside the Enlightenment,
but concentrated on human diversity and looking at life in a new way.
It was the combination of modern Science and Classicism that gave
birth to Romanticism and introduced a new outlook on life that
embraced emotion before rationality.

Romanticism was a reactionary period of history when its seeds
became planted in poetry, artwork and literature. The Romantics turned
to the poet before the scientist to harbor their convictions (they
found that the orderly, mechanistic universe that the Science thrived
under was too narrow-minded, systematic and downright heartless in
terms of feeling or emotional thought) and it was men such as Johann
Wolfgang von Goethe in Germany who wrote “The Sorrows of Young
Werther” which epitomized what Romanticism stood for. His character
expressed feelings from the heart and gave way to a new trend of
expressing emotions through individuality as opposed to collectivism.
In England, there was a resurgence into Shakespearean drama since many
Romantics believed that Shakespeare had not been fully appreciated
during the 18th century. His style of drama and expression had been
downplayed and ignored by the Enlightenment’s narrow classical view of
drama. Friedrich von Schlegel and Samuel Taylorleridge (from Germany
and England respectively) were two critics of literature who believed
that because of the Enlightenment’s suppression of individual emotion
as being free and imaginative, Shakespeare who have never written his
material in the 19th century as opposed to the 18th century. The
perception that the Enlightenment was destroying the natural human
soul and substituting it with the mechanical, artificial heart was
The Lyrical Ballads, published in 1798, was a series of poems
that examined the beauty of nature and explored the actions of people
in natural settings. Written by William Woodsworth, this form of
poetry was free, expressive and without constraint as evident by this
“If this belief from heaven be sent, If such be Nature’s holy plan,
Have I not reason to lament, What man has made of man?”
Such passages from his work indicates that poetry and literature was
also used as a form of rebellion or distaste for political
institutions or social conditions during the 19th century. However,
since most poets thrived on the emotional and irrational abstract that
they were writing about, there was no specific category that this mode
of thinking could fall into. This was a strength since the freedom to
explore nature was infinite and without any restriction based on
rules, law or doctrine. This invariably led to a re-introduction into
religion and mysticism; people wanted to explore the unknown. The
Genius of Christianity, written by Rene de Chateaubriand, offered a
contrast to Science. He found Christianity to be “the most poetic,
most human, the most conducive to freedom, to arts and literature…”
of all the religions and deduced that Science was lacking this element
The middle ages were regarded as a creative period when humans
lived close to the soil and were unblemished with the effects of
industrialization or urbanization. Romanticism began to show the
people that the Enlightenment had overstayed its welcome by leading
the people to a future that offered a vision of mankind as being part
of a group rather than an individual. G. W. F. Hegel, a German
philosopher, rejected the rational philosophy of the 18th century
because he believed in “Idealism”. This involved looking at life in
terms of the importance of ideas, not thought the narrow tunnel of
materialism and wealth. By advocating Idealism, Hegel concluded that
mankind could be led by his spirit, his soul, rather than the
establishment or the status quo. Although Romanticism was perhaps
conservative in nature, every participant of this swift and silent
movement could relish in his own free and glorious vision of nature.

Romanticism was not a political movement or a reformist package
offered by a group of dissidents; Romanticism was a time when mankind
could restructure his outlook on life so that he was able to reach new
heights of intellectual and political awareness. In the process of
doing so, he found answers to practical problems by simply using his

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Categories: Music


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