Question: and taxes. The Spaniards didn’t interfere with

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Question: Describe the nature of the exploitation of Indians in the AmericasContextualization: The nature of the exploitation of the Indians was mainly beneficial to the Spanish. The Spanish maintained native institutions that served as a primary source to the Spanish goals. Many Indians were killed by European diseases, small or big, but if they had any survivors after the death of the European diseases, they were captured and later forced into slavery. The Indians were either forced to work on a plantation (farm), mines, or in the cities. Many of the Indian women were forced to marry a Spanish settler. Later, the Indians were defeated, and the culture and life that they had was destroyed.Argumentation: Enslavement of natives, except in warfare, was prohibited by the middle of the 16th century. Instead of slavery, the government awarded encomiendas (280 total land grants) to any conquerors who would use their natives as a source of labor and taxes. The Spaniards didn’t interfere with the aspects of the American Indian life that served colonial goals nor was there any open conflict with Spanish authority or their religion. During the exploitation of the Indians, encomienda, labor, and culture was a major occurrence.Body Paragraph 1: EncomiendaClaim 1: DestructiveConcrete evidence: Mainly towards the Indian societiesQuote: “The encomiendas were destructive to Indian societies” (Stearns 414)Claim 2: The Spanish crownConcrete evidence: Had prohibited the right to demand any kind of labor from the IndiansQuote: “The Spanish crown limited the heritability of encomiendas. The Spanish crown prohibited the rights to be able to demand any certain kinds of labor from the Indians” (Stearns 414)Claim 3: Continued to exist in marginal regions that were located at the fringes of the empireConcrete evidence: All the encomiendas were gone by the 1620sQuote: “Although encomiendas continued to exist in marginal regions at the fringes of the empire. The encomiendas were all later gone by the 1620s, occurring in the central areas of Mexico and Peru” (Stearns 414)Body Paragraph 2: LaborClaim 1: WagesConcrete evidence: Indians were paid to work, but there were lots of cases of abuseQuote: “The Indians were paid a wage for the work that they did, and there were many cases of abuse of the system by the local officials” (Stearns 414)Claim 2: Indians left their villagesConcrete evidence: Indians tried to avoid the labor and tax obligationsQuote: “By the time of the 17th century, many Indians had left their villages to avoid the labor and tax obligations. Although they preferred to work for Spanish landowners or to seek employment in the cities” (Stearns 414)Claim 3: Colonial governmentConcrete evidence: Led to the growth of a wage labor system, causing Indians to work on Spanish-owned mines and farmsQuote: “The colonial government eventually led to the growth of a wage labor system, in which Indians, were no longer a resident in their villages, and worked for wages on Spanish-owned mines and farms” (Stearns 415)Body Paragraph 3: CultureClaim 1: The culture of the Native Americans, demonstrated a greater type of resiliencyConcrete evidence: Spanish institutions and forms, adapted and modified them to indigenous waysQuote: “Native American culture demonstrated greater resiliency in the face of Spanish institutions and forms, and adapted and modified them to indigenous ways” (Stearns 415)Claim 2: Spanish legal systemConcrete evidence: Litigation became a way of lifeQuote: “In Peru and Mexico, native people learned to use the Spanish legal system and the law courts. So later on, litigation became a way of life” (Stearns 415)Claim 3: Native Americans proved to be selectiveConcrete evidence: In their adaption of European culture, technology, and foodsQuote: “Many aspects of any Native Americans proved to be selective in the adaption of European foods, technology, and also culture” (Stearns 415)

Categories: Government


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