Particularly the American Psychological Association (APA) adopted specific

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Particularly in the North American context, multicultural competencies have been evoked as necessary for professionals in the psi area as a condition for establishing a good relationship between professional and client, so that the goals of the therapeutic process can be achieved to the satisfaction. Multicultural skills comprise a series of characteristics and attitudes that should be observed by psy professionals throughout their interventions, so that interventions can reach as many people as possible (Arredondo & Tovar-Blank, 2014, Berger, Zane, And Hwang, 2014; Fouad, 2006; Sehgal, Saules, Young, Gray, Gillem, & Nabors, 2011). These competences are present in disciplines and practices developed in the various training centers in psychological counseling.In 2002, the American Psychological Association (APA) adopted specific guidelines on multicultural education, training, research and practice to assist ethnic and racial minorities, immigrants, socially excluded populations, and others. Included in the list of diversities are aspects such as socioeconomic class, age, psychological (cognitive and emotional) maturity, religiosity / spirituality, sexual identity, ethnic-racial identity, family aspects and geographical location. This document (Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists) stresses the need for psychological practice to be multicultural and diversity oriented. Thus, culture must be approached in educational practices developed in different contexts, in order to know different cultural models and patterns that regulate human development.In the US scenario, there is a growing need for counseling professionals (who are not necessarily psychologists) to work in the care of different ethnic groups and cultures, such as interventions with populations of immigrants who do not speak the English language or that have cultural standards quite distinct from American culture. However, in the Brazilian context, this reality has been different, so the challenges seem to be to approach different cultures, with people who are not accustomed to the presence of Psychology professionals, or even in situations in which the psychologist is summoned to intervene in a scenario in which he has little familiarity and in which estrangement seems to be the first reaction.

Categories: Development

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