Paper part of the entire proceedings, and not
style: paper title)
as needed (paper subtitle)
Science and Engineering
Science and Engineering
Abstract— In today’s tech-savvy world, when there’s a quest of making every
possible thing handy, mobile communications have socially and economically
contributed a lot in the development of different countries across the globe. Because
of their increasing demand, researchers also tend to find every possible way to
make the technology more efficient and come up with new launches in the market,
which after sometimes sets a trend, thus increasing the number of customers. The
main aim of these time to time launches is to get an efficient way which has higher
data transmission rate. Here in this paper, we discuss about the upcoming
generation of networking technologies, i.e. 5G towards the end of this decade.
In today’s tech-savvy world, when there’s
a quest of preserving our environment in every possible way, there’s also a
requirement to make the machines go green since they comprise up to make a
major portion of our environment, with their numbers increasing rapidly with
every passing second because of the increasing demand. The main aim of this is
to get an eco-friendly environment where the various steps of production, usage
and disposal of computers are done in a way that there is no chance of harm to
the environment, and it works companionly good while usage as well as do not
cause any harm during disposal.
A. Selecting a Template (Heading 2)
First, confirm that you have the correct
template for your paper size. This template has been tailored for output on the
A4 paper size. If you are using US letter-sized paper, please close this file
and download the file “MSW_USltr_format”.
B. Maintaining the Integrity of the Specifications
The template is used to format your paper
and style the text. All margins, column widths, line spaces, and text fonts are
prescribed; please do not alter them. You may note peculiarities. For example,
the head margin in this template measures proportionately more than is
customary. This measurement and others are deliberate, using specifications
that anticipate your paper as one part of the entire proceedings, and not as an
independent document. Please do not revise any of the current designations.
Expectations from 5g
consideration current market scenario, there will be many expectations that 5G would
be required to accomplish.Some of them are mentioned below-:
Faster-: The foremost requirement of any
new technology in the market is that it must be faster than its previous
versions. Thus, a higher data transmission rate is expected from 5G.
Higher Capacity-: It is expected that
towards the end of this decade there will be approximately 1000 times more
mobile traffic than that was in 2010.Thus this new technology must be able to
manage traffic that is very much larger than that is today.
Larger crowd connectivity-: It will be
expected that this network provides a huge connectivity among the crowds so
that there’s no delay even if the number of users is more at a specific time on
specific place of the globe.
Identify applicable sponsor/s here. If no sponsors, delete this text box (sponsors).
Energy Efficient-: Today when we are all
dependent on technology, there’s also a need to go greener along with the
development, what we call sustainable development. Thus, the improvised version
of any technology must be such that it is less energy consuming and is less
prone to become the cause of disasters. Also in machine to machine terminals
there’s a need to manage the energy efficiently for a longer battery life.
Less Expensive-: With the increased
performance rate it is also desirable that the cost per unit is not such that
it’s not affordable for all. The cost must be normalized.
The equations are an exception to the
prescribed specifications of this template. You will need to determine whether
or not your equation should be typed using either the Times New Roman or the
Symbol font (please no other font). To create multileveled equations, it may be
necessary to treat the equation as a graphic and insert it into the text after
your paper is styled.
Number equations consecutively. Equation
numbers, within parentheses, are to position flush right, as in (1), using a
right tab stop. To make your equations more compact, you may use the solidus (
/ ), the exp function, or appropriate exponents. Italicize Roman symbols for
quantities and variables, but not Greek symbols. Use a long dash rather than a
hyphen for a minus sign. Punctuate equations with commas or periods when they
are part of a sentence, as in
a + b = g (1) a + b =
c. (1) (1)
Note that the equation is centered using
a center tab stop. Be sure that the symbols in your equation have been defined
before or immediately following the equation. Use “(1),” not “Eq. (1)” or “equation
(1),” except at the beginning of a sentence: “Equation (1) is …”
D. Some Common Mistakes
The word “data” is plural, not
The subscript for the
permeability of vacuum m0, and other common scientific
constants, is zero with subscript formatting, not a lowercase letter “o.”
In American English, commas,
semi-/colons, periods, question and exclamation marks are located within
quotation marks only when a complete thought or name is cited, such as a title
or full quotation. When quotation marks are used, instead of a bold or italic
typeface, to highlight a word or phrase, punctuation should appear outside of
the quotation marks. A parenthetical phrase or statement at the end of a
sentence is punctuated outside of the closing parenthesis (like this). (A
parenthetical sentence is punctuated within the parentheses.)
A graph within a graph is an “inset,”
not an “insert.” The word alternatively is preferred to the word “alternately”
(unless you really mean something that alternates).
Do not use the word “essentially”
to mean “approximately” or “effectively.”
In your paper title, if the
words “that uses” can accurately replace the word using, capitalize the “u”; if
not, keep using lower-cased.
Be aware of the different
meanings of the homophones “affect” and “effect,” “complement” and “compliment,”
“discreet” and “discrete,” “principal” and “principle.”
Do not confuse “imply” and “infer.”
The prefix “non” is not a word;
it should be joined to the word it modifies, usually without a hyphen.
There is no period after the “et”
in the Latin abbreviation “et al.”
The abbreviation “i.e.” means “that
is,” and the abbreviation “e.g.” means “for example.”
An excellent style manual for science writers
II. Using the Template
After the text edit has been completed,
the paper is ready for the template. Duplicate the template file by using the
Save As command, and use the naming convention prescribed by your conference
for the name of your paper. In this newly created file, highlight all of the
contents and import your prepared text file. You are now ready to style your
paper; use the scroll down window on the left of the MS Word Formatting
A. Authors and Affiliations
The template is designed so that author
affiliations are not repeated each time for multiple authors of the same
affiliation. Please keep your affiliations as succinct as possible (for
example, do not differentiate among departments of the same organization). This
template was designed for two affiliations.
For author/s of only one
affiliation (Heading 3): To change the default, adjust the template as
a) Selection (Heading 4): Highlight all author and affiliation lines.
b) Change number of columns: Select the Columns icon from the MS Word
Standard toolbar and then select “1 Column” from the selection palette.
c) Deletion: Delete the author and affiliation lines for the
For author/s of more than two
affiliations: To change the default, adjust the template as follows.
a) Selection: Highlight all author and affiliation lines.
b) Change number of columns: Select the “Columns” icon from the MS Word
Standard toolbar and then select “1 Column” from the selection palette.
author and affiliation lines of affiliation 1 and copy this selection.
d) Formatting: Insert one hard return immediately after the last
character of the last affiliation line. Then paste down the copy of affiliation
1. Repeat as necessary for each additional affiliation.
e) Reassign number of columns: Place your cursor to the
right of the last character of the last affiliation line of an even numbered
affiliation (e.g., if there are five affiliations, place your cursor at end of
fourth affiliation). Drag the cursor up to highlight all of the above author and
affiliation lines. Go to Column icon and select “2 Columns”. If you have an odd
number of affiliations, the final affiliation will be centered on the page; all
previous will be in two columns.
B. Identify the Headings
Headings, or heads, are organizational devices
that guide the reader through your paper. There are two types: component heads
and text heads.
Component heads identify the different
components of your paper and are not topically subordinate to each other.
Examples include ACKNOWLEDGMENTS and REFERENCES, and for these, the correct
style to use is “Heading 5.” Use “figure caption” for your Figure captions, and
“table head” for your table title. Run-in heads, such as “Abstract,” will
require you to apply a style (in this case, italic) in addition to the style
provided by the drop down menu to differentiate the head from the text.
Text heads organize the topics on a
relational, hierarchical basis. For example, the paper title is the primary
text head because all subsequent material relates and elaborates on this one
topic. If there are two or more sub-topics, the next level head (uppercase
Roman numerals) should be used and, conversely, if there are not at least two
sub-topics, then no subheads should be introduced. Styles named “Heading 1,” “Heading
2,” “Heading 3,” and “Heading 4” are prescribed.
C. Figures and Tables
Positioning Figures and Tables:
Place figures and tables at the top and bottom of columns. Avoid placing them
in the middle of columns. Large figures and tables may span across both
columns. Figure captions should be below the figures; table heads should appear
above the tables. Insert figures and tables after they are cited in the text.
Use the abbreviation “Fig. 1,” even at the beginning of a sentence.
Table Column Head
Table column subhead
More table copya
a. Sample of a Table footnote. (Table footnote)
Example of a figure caption. (figure caption)
Figure Labels: Use 8 point Times New
Roman for Figure labels. Use words rather than symbols or abbreviations when
writing Figure axis labels to avoid confusing the reader. As an example, write
the quantity “Magnetization,” or “Magnetization, M,” not just “M.” If including
units in the label, present them within parentheses. Do not label axes only with
units. In the example, write “Magnetization (A/m)” or “Magnetization (A ( m(1),”
not just “A/m.” Do not label axes with a ratio of quantities and units. For
example, write “Temperature (K),” not “Temperature/K.”
We have given much efforts in this report.
However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of
many individuals. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to all of them.
Firstly, thanking the ALMIGHTY without whose grace we would have never been
able to complete this report successfully. We are highly indebted to Dr. Ramesh
Vaddi for his guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing
necessary information regarding the topic & also for his support in
completing it. We specially thank all the lab assistants for their timely
support. We would like to express our gratitude towards our parents &
members of IIIT-NR for their kind co-operation and encouragement which helped
us in completion of this report. Our thanks and appreciations also go to the
people who have willingly helped us out with their abilities.