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Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (which is also referred to as NHL or lymphoma) is a type of cancer that starts in the body’s immune system, more specifically, in the white blood cells that are called lymphocytes. Before I explain Lymphoma, I would like to talk about cancer. What is cancer? Cancer is a collection of similar and related diseases that start when cells grow out of control in the body and destabilizes the normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to function normally. Any cell in the body can turn into cancer cells. Therefore, cancer can start and spread at any part of the body, whether it’s the breasts, lungs or even the blood. Although the diseases are similar and are grouped in one main category which is cancer, the types differ in the way it grows, spreads and how it’s treated.
Lymphoma has two types and it can affect both, children and adults. This is why it’s very important for doctors to know which type of Lymphoma a person has, because each require a different type of treatment to cure Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. In this section, I will mostly focus on Lymphoma on adults. In order to know what lymphoma is, you must know about the body’s lymph system, also known as the lymphatic system. It’s part of the immune system and it’s job is to helps fight infections and other multiple diseases as well as help fluids move through the human body. In addition, most of the cells that make up the lymph system are lymphocytes which is a type of a white blood cell. There are two main types of lymphocytes, the B lymphocytes (B cells) and the T lymphocytes (T cells). The B cells’ job is to protect the body against germs such as viruses and bacteria by producing proteins called antibodies. Those antibodies invade those germs to destroy them. However, the T cells consists of several types. Some cells destroy the germs or the abnormal cells in the human body, and some help boost or slow down the activity of cells in the immune system. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is capable of developing from either the B cell or the T cell, but the B cells are more common and usual in the United states than the T cells. The type of lymphocyte determines which type of lymphoma can be developed, and that’s based on the maturity of the cells when they become cancerous. 
The start and spread of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma can occur almost anywhere in the body due to the existence of the lymph tissue in many places throughout the whole body. The crucial places of the lymph tissue are the lymph nodes, the spleen, the bone marrow, the adenoids and tonsils, the thymus, and the digestive tract. The lymph nodes are bean sized, and they are collections of lymphocytes and some other immune systems cells in the body. And that includes, the abdomen, inside the chest and the pelvis, which are all connected by a system of lymphatic vessels. The spleen produces the lymphocytes and the other immune systems cells, it’s an organ that is located under the lower ribs of the left side of the body. Furthermore, it stores healthy bloods cells as well as it filters out bacteria, damaged blood cells and waste. Bone marrow is where new blood cells and some lymphocytes are formed, it’s the spongy tissue in some certain bones. Thymus is a small organ that is in front of the heart and behind the upper part of the breastbone. It is also vital in the development of the T cells. Adenoids and tonsils are collections of the lymph tissue that are located in the back of the throat. They help by making antibodies against germs that are swallowed or even breathed in. The digestive tract which includes the intestines, the stomach and many other organs also have the lymph tissue. 
There are multiple different types of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma that can develop in different parts of the body, which can affect the symptoms a person is having. Also, it can spread and grow at different rates depending on its type. Some types are called indolent lymphomas and those tend to spread and grow slowly. They might not need treatment right away, but they can be closely watched instead. Follicular lymphoma is the most common type of indolent lymphoma in the United States. Some types are known as aggressive lymphomas and those tend to grow and spread quickly. Usually, they require urgent treatment. DLBCL which stands for Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common type of aggressive lymphoma in the United States. And some types of lymphoma cannot be categorized in either of those two types. Regardless of how fast they can grow, every Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas is capable of spreading to other parts of the lymph system if not treated well. Eventually, they will spread into other parts of the body as well, such as the bone marrow, liver and brain.

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