Organizations some of the time do not have the assets required in order to solve the tasks that are faced with, that’s why companies hire suppliers who have practical experience in a specific field to complete the work at a lower cost than internal workers. In every one of these cases, organizations take a gander at subcontracting as a conceivable choice. It tackles the quick issue that organizations face with but it also has disadvantages of its own.These include disadvantages such as when using subcontractors there is a high danger that the subcontractor won’t execute as required, thus it increases the risk of failure. There can also be some quality issues when making subcontractors handle part of the supply chain; since the undertakings may not be executed the way the primary organization needs them to be done. There are also many positive reasons why companies contract subcontractors to handle parts of the supply chain, this is because it draws them loads of benefits such as being able to perform parts of its supply chain with people that are specialists in that area, it assures that these subcontractors will get the work done more rapidly and at lower cost than non-specialist with a much higher quality output. Also, organizations that create extensive volumes of one or a couple of items generally have lower expenses than principals who need to deal with many assignments and products, subcontracting to these high-volume organizations it saves significant large amounts of cash.However we have to keep in mind that there are many global issues concerning the practice of subcontracting part of a business’ supply chain to a subcontractor, one of the main global issues is the practice of subcontracting part of its supply chain to subcontractors that perform in low-cost factories. Many of these factories have large concerns about safety issues and low salary to its workers, thus concerning on the fact that the subcontracting practice may be disrupting the idea of human rights. There’s an absence of transparency in the manufacturing factories in which the parts of the supply chain is subcontracted. Transparency can help to distinguishing which worldwide companies that are part of the garment industry abuse their workers rights. An absence of transparency can cause extremely hazardous factory practices being made and loads of dangerous inventories being used by low cost factories. There has been horrible factory incidents in low cost factories which ended up with the loss of hundreds of innocent workers, an example of a terrible incident is the 2013 factory collapse in Bangladesh. Because of these incidents in 3rd world countries, some really famous companies have started to take really serious measures in order to avoid these incidents from occurring in the future. We have looked at two different companies and what kind of practices they use regarding control and human rights due diligence when subcontracting supply chain services.The first company we chose is Coca Cola, coca cola has one of the biggest supply chains in the world. Moreover, Coca Cola came up with different resources regarding human rights due diligence and number of tools in order to identify and address the impacts that might be present in their supply chain. They created a self evaluation checklist which is used to determine an early issue identification which is connected to human rights risks. The goal of the checklist is to help MDC operators to keep working environment safe and workforce under the control and good behavior as well as mitigate the risks. When the issue is recognized the company follows up the mitigation strategy. Supplier partners are expected to follow these tools at all times in order to enhance awareness of human rights and prevent any risks associated with these. In 2017 Coca Cola published the Human Rights Report which is connected to United Nations Guiding Principles Reporting Framework. The report is formed to share how Coca Cola identified and addressed the human rights risks.The due diligence checklist is consisted of following topics: Plant siting due diligence, Micro-distribution centers, Migrant worker DD (due diligence), Contract labor DD, Pre-sourcing human rights DD, Child labour in agriculture checklist and Non-trademark activation DD In the case of an identified risk, one or more of the following actions could be taken: Perform the action suggested in the assessment question Obtain further information about the subject matter before determining next steps Contact internal subject matter experts for further guidance on addressing the situation. Engage MDC in activity Coca Cola had also created their own Supplier guiding principles that the subcontractors are obligated to follow. Supplier Guiding Principles are consisted of: “Freedom of association and collective bargaining, Prohibit child labor, Prohibit forced labour and abuse of labor, Eliminate discrimination, Work hours and wages, Provide a safe and healthy workplace, Protect the environment, Business integrity, Grievance procedure and remedy and Management systems for ensuring lawful compliance and respect for all human rights” (2018 Supplier Guiding Principles, Coca-Cola). The second company we took a look at is Adidas. As a huge company worldwide Adidas has its own strategy on how to keep human rights under control. Adidas is striving to operate responsibly along the entire value chain by safeguarding the rights of their own employees and those of the workers who manufacture their products and by applying their influence to affect change wherever human rights issues are linked to their business activities. Adidas also use “Workplace Standards” which is supply chain code of conduct which also covers workers’ health, safety, and provisions to ensure environmentally sound factory operations. It follows fair compensation.Although everyone’s human rights and fundamental freedoms must be respected and upheld there is special attention that must be given to vulnerable groups, minorities, etc. It is for this reasons that Adidas has developed specific programs and initiatives to address topics such as:Child LabourTheir Workplace Standard state that their suppliers must not employ children less that 15 or less than the age for completing compulsory education. Any finding of child labour would require:A supplier to pay an ongoing wage to the family of the child and for the child to return to school until they are of legal age to workThe supplier must then offer them reemployment, ina role that would not involve excessive hours or hazardous work          Forced LabourIn accordance to their Workplace Standards, business partners must not use forced labour. No employees may be compelled to work through force or intimidation of any form nor as any means of political coercion or as punishment for holding or expressing political views. They have developed a policy to address forced labour concerns as well as concerns over human trafficking. Migrant LabourThey have worked with ILO and other NGOs to safeguard the rights of migrant workers who have found employment within their supply chain. Details of their policies and guidance can be found in their Guidelines on Employment Standards.Women in the supply chainAbout 80% of the workers employment by their suppliers are women. They say it is vitally important for them as a company that women workers enjoy equal treatment, including pay, benefits and career advancement, and that they are free from discrimination or harassmentFrom these two firms, ICOCA could implement a lot of these strategies into their own guiding principles. In order to make sure that their partners aren’t performing any unethical practices into the employees that are taking care of the part of the supply chain that was subcontracted. We will first see what ICOCA and Coca Cola have in common and what ICOCA should implement in its strategy.  When comparing ICoCa to this company, the main thing we have to focus on is on the due diligence checklist which identifies with the potential human rights-related risk as the result of pre-sourcing activities. This helps the company get to know their employees’ point of view in terms of the actions that are related to human rights that are successfully carried out and those ones which aren’t. With those negatively punctured they are able to study the problem and come up with solutions. From our point of view we think this due diligence checklist should also be carried out by ICoCa due to the fact that it is a good way to get to know how employees feel in terms of their work demands, procedures and human rights. Coca Cola checklist is applied in many different ambits of the company, which is the key of identifying risks and solving them. ICoCA could use this strategy by making a checklist for each of the organizations and companies that integrate their supply chain. By applying this method, they’ll be controlling and prioritizing human rights due diligence when subcontracting private security services and also they will focus more on every supplier, this method can generate great knowledge about their supply chain and it can also ensure that the human rights of its workers are met. Secondly, we will compare Adidas with ICOCA. When comparing these two companies there are some similarities on how Human Rights Due Diligence is applied on the subcontracting process. Moreover, there are some practices that ICoCA could consider using on their supply chain.ICoCA can also apply some strategies that Adidas has when addressing to human rights due diligence. On one hand, it’s important to highlight the fact that Adidas not only is working to guarantee human rights for their own workers, but also it is working to fight for other workers’ human rights. This is something that ICoCA should consider due to the fact that is not beneficial for their suppliers, but for the company it self by selling a good image to their clients.  On the other hand, NEED TO WRITE COMPARING WITH ICOCAIn conclusion, after comparing ICOCA with two global companies, it can be seen that there are some aspects from these companies that ICOCA could implement into its strategy to avoid workers abuse when subcontracting parts of its supply chain. Such as creating a self evaluation checklist in order to determine an early issue identification in connection to human rights risks. This way ICOCA will be able to keep working environment safe practices and workforce safety under the control and good behavior as well as mitigating the risks. It can also implement…..

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