New opportunities, meeting new people and living on your own means no parental curfews. These are all the positive aspects of entering university. However, what those college websites and brochures fail to include are the distractions that will affect your education, the number of assignments and tests that will increase your stress rate, and the amount of debt you will be in after graduating. Nonetheless, these are not even as terrifying as the truth behind the amount of campus rape experiences women and men have experienced throughout the years. Reports of rape and sexual assaults on college campuses have soared over the past fifteen years, according to a new federal study. According to RAINN Campus Sexual Violence: Statistics, “studies have shown that 11.2% of all students experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation (among all graduate and undergraduate students).” Sadly, most college students that were victims of sexual violence decide not disclose it to law enforcement. Even the most prestigious schools in the past have proven to be ineffective in showing concern in providing justice for campus rape victims. “In 2014, Harvard received more reports of on-campus rape than any other university in Massachusetts, according to data from the U.S. Department of Education.”(Duehren & Thomson). Hence, students like Emma Sulkowicz decided to take matters into their own hands. In her example, she protests by carrying a fifty-pound mattress for nine months against those who have poorly handled the case in which the Vanderbilt University football players raped a woman while she lay unconscious on a dorm room floor.The voices of students like Sulkowicz were so empowered, strong, and loud that the government and more high profile organizations had to listen, thus developing the idea of enforcing campus rape prevention programs in colleges and universities all across the world.”In the year since the Obama administration intensified its call for colleges and universities to better prevent and respond to sexual assault, most schools have focused on implementing training and awareness programs on campus for students and employees, often with tens of thousands of dollars in funding from federal grant programs.”(Bidwell). Campus rape prevention and awareness programs were significant first steps into reducing the campus rape rates. Their objective is to take action that can impede unacceptable behavior before it becomes assaultive. In addition to that, the training and programs aid women to be able to determine uncertainty from their companions and control emotional obstacles when comprehending the danger. “A New York Times review of prevalence studies suggests that today, without prevention programs, a record shows that 20 percent of women that are college students suffer  from  sexual assault.”(Castleman).The real question is if these campus rape prevention programs and organizations are actually having an impact on the rape rates on campus taking into account the thousands and even millions of dollar spent. “The province of Quebec, for example, recently announced a $23 million investment into campus sexual assault policies and prevention.”(Senn). Martin Contarino, a research assistant at Martin center analyzes how rape is far beyond the influence of campus administrators to solve and the immense amount of money spent has not proven as advantageous as it should have. “Not surprisingly, the extra spending on campus security has been unsuccessful in curbing the most pressing safety issues, such as alcohol-fueled assault and sexual violence. The fact that these crimes stem largely from social issues beyond the control of administrators has not stopped campuses from spending hundreds of millions of dollars—and counting—every year on new security systems, police officers, and trained staff. It is estimated that by 2018 campus security spending will exceed $400 million a year.”(Cantarino). Tovia Smith, the author of Curbing Sexual Assault Becomes Big Business On Campus discusses the amount of money spent on two specific programs one called Bringing in the Bystander that is lead by Caroline Leyva. “Bringing in the Bystander, which costs $1,600 plus $350 for training, can be run as one 90-minute session or as several sessions over the course of a week. Most schools pay between $10,000 and $20,000 a year, depending on their size.”(Smith). Out of the hundreds and thousands of campus rape prevention programs in the world, only a few have real solid evidence that has claimed to be proven successful. Are these programs and sessions worth the amount of money spent and/or can we come up with the more favorable solution to such a controversial issue? Regardless of the amount of money spent, those few campus rape prevention programs such as Canadian rape prevention sessions, Enhanced Assess Acknowledge Act program, and Green Dot program have all proven to decrease rape statistics.Published by the The New England Journal of Medicine, a trial done at three Canadian campuses by first-year students where they attended classes on acknowledging self-defense, interpreting confidential sexual barriers, and evaluating risk. “The risk of rape for 451 women randomly assigned to the program was about 5 percent, compared with nearly 10 percent among 442 women in a control group who were given brochures and a brief information session. “Only 22 women would need to take the program in order to prevent one additional rape from occurring within one year,” the authors concluded. The risk of attempted rape was even lower — 3.4 percent among women who received the training, compared with 9.3 percent among those who did not.” (Hoffman). The Enhanced Assess Acknowledge Act, a sexual assault resistance program is developed for women in their first year of college since that’s when the risk of sexual assault is the highest. “The EAAA program is the only campus education program proven to decrease sexual violence. Study results show that women who attended the session were 46 percent less likely to experience rape and 63 percent less likely to experience attempted rape or other forms of sexual assault in the next year.”(Senn). Women learned to recognize the risk in male’s conduct and their courage in maintaining their rights. Additionally, they understood how using verbal and physical strategies for defending themselves is a useful tactic. According to Sexual Violence: Prevention Strategies, “Green Dot is a bystander-based prevention program designed to increase positive bystander behavior, change social norms, and reduce sexual and other forms of interpersonal violence perpetration and victimization.” This program comprises of a five-hour training in bystander behavior and “persuasive speeches” are given to enlighten the young students. “A study found that Green Dot was associated with reductions in unwanted sexual victimization and sexual harassment, stalking and dating violence victimization and perpetration on a college campus implementing the program compared to two comparison campuses without the intervention.” (Coker AL, Bush HM and e.g.).Altering school policies and attending protests should not be the approaches being taken to address campus rape while more promising strategies are available as in programs and classes. Similarly to the Canadian rape prevention classes, EAAA programs, and the Green Dot programs, there are many programs, sessions, and classes that have decreased the number of people raped on campus. Furthermore, encouraging more colleges and universities to take these programs into consideration. No campus would want their incoming students to be frightened or discouraged from attending their school solely because of their sexual harassment rates. The thousands of dollars spent on the programs will worth it in the end if it restrains at least one individual from getting raped.

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