Music therapy is the most ancient and natural form of
correction of emotional states, which many people use (consciously or not) to
remove the accumulated mental tension, calm down, and concentrate. Modern
medicine has used long-accumulated observations and developed a method of
treatment with music. In such a way the music therapy appeared.

Music therapy is a psychotherapeutic method based on
the healing effect of music on a person’s psychological state. Music therapy
was officially recognized in Europe in the nineteenth century, when advanced
doctors began to use it in practice. In 1961, England developed the first
program of music therapy, and fifteen years later, they established a center
for music therapy. In Germany, with music, physicians began to work seriously
since 1978, and in 1985 founded the Institute of Music Therapy. In America, the
association of music therapy originated in 1950 and today it unites more than
three thousand medical therapists. At the University Clinic in Munich, the
daily listening to the music by Mozart was added to the medical treatment of
patients with gastrointestinal diseases, which in most cases leads to a
significant improvement in the condition than in the control group. In Holland
they use music in clinics for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In
Australia music is used for the treatment of those who suffer from joint and
spinal pain.

Today, music therapy is used in almost all countries
of Western Europe. For example, in the Swedish school, founded by A. Pontvik,
the starting point is the concept of psycho-resonance, it proceeds from the
fact that the deep layers of the human consciousness can resonate with the
sounding harmonic forms and thus be revealed to the outside for analysis and
understanding. Relying on the concepts of the “collective
unconscious” and “archetype” of K. Jung, A. Pontvik developed an
idea of ??the ways of penetrating into the depths of the psyche through proportional
relations of sounds that give the effect of overtones. In the American
direction of musical psychotherapy, its therapeutic effect is based on the
ideas of traditional psychoanalysis. In connection with this, it is of great
importance to select the appropriate musical works that could evoke the
necessary system of figurative associations and experiences, whose subsequent
analysis could clarify the nature of the suppressed conflict. Therefore,
American music therapists have developed extensive catalogs of medical musical
works, including music of a variety of genres and styles, but appropriately
classified by the direction of the impact. In the US, music therapists are
trained by 24 colleges. In general, over 100 universities and colleges offer
courses abroad, after which students receive a Bachelor’s, Master’s or Doctorate
degrees.

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Music therapy is applicable to everyone regardless of
age, health or musical abilities. For children with mental or physical
difficulties, it helps in overcoming behavioral problems, emotional concerns
and concerns related to age development. Music therapy helps people with mental
or physical disabilities, neurological problems, helps the elderly survive the
problems of acute or chronic diseases. Music therapy helps to relieve pain and
reduce nervous tension. It effectively showed itself with children and adults who
were victims of physical, sexual or emotional abuse.

A number of studies demonstrate the analgesic and
relaxing properties of music therapy, which has found application in the
treatment of chronic pain syndromes of various etiologies. There are data on
the use of music in certain diagnostic procedures (for example, gastroscopy).
The greatest use of music therapy was in geriatric practice.

During the sessions of medical music, an environment
of complete trust and creative relaxation is established. Trust and
communication between the patient and the doctor are necessary for the healing
process, in which the emphasis is placed in the development of internal human
resources. Music therapists do not overload the patient with questions about
grief or illness. The main thing is to enter into musical contact with his
emotions and sensations. Often this is what gives the person strength in the
fight against the disease or simply helps to understand himself. 

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