Media Violence

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The debate on whether exposure to media violence plays a role in influencing aggressive or violent behavior is a critical one. There are those who argue that exposure to media violence encourages violent behavior while others oppose the notion.

Those who support the idea like Nancy Signorielli argue that exposure to media violence prompts people to have a notion that the world is a violent place. This desensitizes them so that they begin adapting unacceptable behavioral traits.


The pro side of the argument clearly brings out the fact that media violence has a long time effect on the people especially the children. They are desensitized and tend to become aggressive or fearful.

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The argument against the connection has however been clearly brought out the fact that media violence has significantly increased in the resent past yet cases of real-life violence have significantly reduced.


The argument for the existence of a connection between the two proposes that people exposed to media violence are more likely develop aggressive behavior than those who are not. It is stated that the media does not clearly bring out the fact that crime is bad and people in the long run tend to ape aggressive behavior from the same.

Those arguing against it on the other hand insist that studies show no connection between the two. They are of the opinion that exposure of media violence to the children at an early age has no effect whatsoever to the change of the children’s behavior to that associated with violence.

It is argued that the violence in the media is purely entertainment and that there is no message intended to convince the viewers that violence is good.

Jonathan Freedman’s Argument

Those who are against the notion like, Jonathan Freedman, argue that scientific evidence shows no connection between media violence and the actual aggressive behavior in people. They argue that the violence in the media just causes arousal and existent among the people but not necessarily aggressive behavior.

According to this argument, there has been a significant increase in media violence in the resent past yet the real cases of violence have significantly reduced (Potter, 2003).

Nancy Signoriell’s argument

According to Signoriell’s argument, children who are exposed to violence at an early age tend to develop antisocial behavioral traits that are associated with violence later in life. Some of them indulge in fights, abuse of their spouses as well as other criminal activities.

It is believed that most of the violence shown in the media does not clearly bring out the fact that crime never pays. In some cases, those who indulge in criminal activities go unpunished and children get the wrong signal that indulging in crime is not immoral and hence tend to adopt criminal behavior.

Pro-side of the Argument

The argument is based on several studies and statistical data which have proved that children exposed to media violence are more likely to exhibit aggressive behavior than those who are not. Several experiments have been carried out to the same effect.

Studies have proved that the children exposed to pro-social media messages are likely to develop positive behavior traits while those exposed to media violence tend to copy the same. Exposure to media violence increases the rates of gender stereotyping especially among the children.

People tend to use the media while confirming their attitudes as well as beliefs for instance while approving violence. Some of these arguments are however biased in a way given that some of the studies have been done in highly repressed societies like South Africa during the colonial era (Freedman, 2002).

The other weakness of this argument is that violent or aggressive behavior among people could be due to the fact that people come from families that witness frequent incidences of violence.

The media might in such cases not be the cause of aggressive behavior in such people. There have also been an increase in the media violence in the resent past yet the cases of real violence in society have significantly reduced instead of increasing. This shows weakness in the argument.

Con-side of the Argument

Going by the con side of the issue, desensitization has its own positive side. It has for instance been found out that children with problems of fear are likely to be less fearful after being exposed to desensitizing films or media programs, particularly those that are horrifying. It is therefore a remedy to those children with social problems.

The weakness of the con side is that exposing people to media violence desensitizes them and they in the long run tend to approve of such violence and show less concern or pity for the victims of the violence.

The violence and scary images are likely to instill fear in the children who watch such programs either on the short or long-term basis. Some of them might even have nightmares in which they might scream while sleeping. People exposed to more of the violent media tend to believe that the world is a scary place and they become cautious of many people or things.

They tend to believe that they are out to protect themselves. Studies carried out have proved that people exposed to media violence are more likely develop aggressive behavior than those who are not. This evidence shows weakness on this side of the argument (Phillip, 1979).

Author Credibility

The arguments are credible given that the authors have cited the appropriate sources and studies that support their arguments. Those who argue that there exists no connection between media violence and aggression have for instance based their arguments on other scholars who have written concerning the same issue like Fowles : (Fowles 1999).

Some of the studies quoted include that done by Ronald Milavsky with others which was a longitudinal study that was carried out in three years from 1970 t0 1973. These are accompanied by statistical evidences and figures.

In this case for instance, a study was carried out on 2400 school children at the elementary level while 800 teenagers were sampled in the study. The argument for the existence of the connection between the two has also been based on other scholarly material like; (Singer 1988) as well as (Potter 2003). The two arguments are both coupled with evidence from other sources.

Personal Opinion

The author who holds a substantive argument is the one who argues that media violence affects people’s behavior driving them towards aggressive or violent behavior. This is because the argument is couple with enough evidence to justify the same.

Television for instance tends to shape people’s opinions as well as perceptions towards life issues. When it is stuffed with violence and crime people tend to appreciate the fact that crime and violence are not bad, given that some of the offenders go without being punished. People therefore tend to adopt violent and aggressive behavior as a result.

The description, analysis as well as evaluation of the argument has been done in a comprehensive and clear way coupled with evidences derived from different studies or sources. It has been clearly brought out that exposure to violent programs to children as well as adults tends to drive them towards behaving aggressively as compared to those who are not exposed to them (Signorielli, 2002).

Contemporary Research

Contemporary research supports the side which argues that a connection exists between aggressive behavior and exposure to violent media programs.

Different studies have been carried out to the same effect and they have proved that children who are exposed to violent media at an early age tend to have their future lives characterized by acts of violence like spouse abuse as well as fighting.

Studies have also been carried out whereby children have been separated into two groups; one group is exposed to violent media and the other not.

The evidence revealed that those children that were exposed to violent media exhibited change in their behavior as well as speech as they tended to be more aggressive than their counterparts who were not exposed to the same.

It has also been proved that those who are exposed to violent media programs tended to be desensitized in the sense that they tended to sympathize less with the victims of violence as compared to those who were not exposed to the same.

Reference List

Fowles, J. (1999). Teaching the Post modern. The Enigma, 50-60.

Freedman, J. (2002). Media Vilence and its Effects on Aggression: Assessing The Scientific Evidence. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Phillip, D. (1979). Suicide, the motovehicle facilities and the mass media: Evidence towards a theory of suggestion. American Journal of Sociology , 560-568.

Potter, J. (2003). The eleven myths of media violence. Califonia: Sage Publications.

Signorielli, N. (2002). Violence in the Media. A Reference Handbook , 25-268.

Singer, R. (1988). Strategies and metastrategies in learning and performing self-paced athletic skills . The Sports Psychologist, 49-68.

Categories: Teaching

I it also show violence. The only thing

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I was reading in some of my information and it was talking about how
monkey see, monkey do is a popular saying now days. Sixty years ago the
television was invented. People looked at it as a technological curiosity ( I
got that part from the info). For some people now days TV is their best
friend. Most of them are little kids. TV shows the news, tries to make us buy
certain things, and it also show violence. The only thing that it can do is
replace written materials (Got that to). The bad thing is that these violent
Certain things on TV and movies have inspired people ( I could think
of any other word to use so I used theirs) to set their wives on fire, lie down
in the middle of the roads, rape, steal, murder, and to do shootings. Out of
1,000 studies it is proven that media violence can have a negative affect on
adults and even children. When people watch these shows it makes them
more aggressive and anti-social. After a few days of watching these shows
people become less sensitive to violence and to victims of violence. After
that happens they begin to have a hunger for more violence in entertainment
and in real life. Media violence is especially damaging to young children
between ages 8 and under. The reason for that is because they cannot tell the
difference between the real life and their dreams. Some images on the TV
and movies may seem so real to them that is might traumatize them ( I got
Even with all of the media violence on shows, there hasnt been any
real major changes to deal with the problems that keep growing. All the
people glory the violence in movies, like the movie Natural Born Killers.
They are viewed as normal and everyday entertainment. Now days it is hard
to find a childrens cartoon that does not show some type of violence.
The violence on shows isnt the problem though. It is what they dont
show. They never show what happens to the people for doing the things that
they do. This happens a lot in cartoons, toy commercials, and music videos.

Children often do not realize that it hurts to hit someone else because they see
it all the time on TV. Everyday in cartoons a character is beat up or killed.
Then they come back in the next one and they are just fine. So then the kids
think that they can do that to someone else and they think that they will come
If the people keep having a high demand for violent shows and movies,
then the shows and movies will continue to be played. So if the way people
think today stay the same then nothing is going to change and the show will
keep on playing. So in that case our society needs to depend on the parents
to cut down the violence that is shown to them. There are many different
First the parents should limit the amount of TV their children watch per
day. It should be between 1 to 2 hours. Children are exposed to too much
violence every day on TV. Mostly that is because parents see the TV as a
babysitter. By cutting down the hours that they get to watch it makes the kids
do something more productive, like trying to read a book or playing outside.
When you decide to let your children watch TV you should always check on
them to make sure they are watching something good.

Even if you dont let your kid watch TV that doesnt mean that they
arent seeing it. Parents should also make a better effort to develop their
childrens literacy skills. They should help their children learn the difference
between life and their dreams. Without doing that children often have a hard
time telling between what is real and what is make believe. When they learn
this then their parents should teach them about what happens to them if they
draw violence to someone( I made that up that is why it sounds bad). The
parents should tell them that pain is real and death is for ever. They also need
to understand that weapons and other objects that cause violence can cause
serious and life long injuries. All of this can be done by watching TV with
children and going through the show and telling them that the violence and
bad things that happen are fake. They should also ask the kids to think about
what would happen in real life if those things happened. Like would anyone
die or go to jail, or would anyone be sad?
The easiest and most simple way to keep children away from the media
violence is to teach them alternatives to violence( Yes I got that word from
the info). Parents should not be so quick to let their children just sit and
watch TV all day. They should get their children into some more productive
and exciting things to do. It is important for children to be given a lot of
support when they are dealing with violence. If they dont get that then they
might end up like one of the criminals that are in jail right now.

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We are shown tons and tons of violence, brutality, and sexual
immortality( No I didnt make all of that up). When children, teenagers, and
adults do the things that they see on shows it is like they are playing a game
of follow the leader ( no) and no one wins. There are so many non violent
people in this world. That is because of education. So that means that we
should keep on teaching the younger kids about violence.

I didnt think that the info that I read was to bad. All the info I got
though was to negative. Myself I like watching those kinds of movies. The
other movies are just boring. Everything that I wrote was all true. The only
thing I didnt like is how they were bitching about how they werent changing
the rules or whatever about what to show on TV. But they pay thousands and
thousands of dollars to do that so I would just let it be. The info had a lot of
good stuff in it though. So my opinion on all this is a 7 on a scale from 1-10.

Committee on Communications vol. 95 No. 6 June 1995
Internet but not to much just a bunch of little stuff

Categories: Music


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