List a major risk factor for CAD. Stress

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List and describe those at risk for CV problems and a brief
explanation as to why they are at risk, including information on modifiable and
non modifiable risk factors


Modifiable risk factors for CAD include
increased serum lipid, hypertension, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, stress,
and diabetes mellitus. Cigarette smoking is a major factor for CA problems
because it contains tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide which increases blood
pressure and the tendency for blood to clot. A sedentary lifestyle also plays a
major role in CAD because it increases the risk of diabetes mellitus and high
blood pressure, obesity, and increases serum lipid levels. Stress is also a
major risk factor for CAD. Stress can increase hormones like adrenaline and
cortisol which can lead to chronic diseases such as hypertension and
atherosclerosis. Furthermore, people tend to expose themselves to unhealthy
coping strategies such as eating comfort foods like ice cream, cookies, greasy
foods, and drinking alcohol or even smoking cigarettes. Lastly, diabetes
mellitus contributes to CAD as well. One of the most serious health problems
related to diabetes mellitus is atherosclerosis, which is the building up of
plaque in arteries – if a blockage forms it can lead to CVD.

Non-modifiable risk factors are something that
we cannot make any changes to, such as age, gender, family history, and race. As
a person ages, everything in the body develops problems. This includes
hardening of blood vessels as well as build up of plaque, decrease in muscle
mass, decrease in physical activity. All of these can contribute to CAD. Also,
men have a higher risk than women, and people of African American ethnicity are
at higher risk of developing CAD. Lastly, family history also has many
contributory factors. Heart disease tend to run in families, so it is important
to assess the family history when taking care of a patient with CAD.

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