Legalization of marijuana

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Minor argument

Conlusion: Marijuana should not be legalised.

Premises 1: If marijuana were to be legalized it would be impossible to regulate its’ sell to, and use by the minors. It would set free, the bounds that exist on the transit of the drug, making it reach the intended and unintended places including possession by children. The use of the drug by minors on the other hand has devastating effects.

Premises 2: legalization increases the use of the drug for non-medical reasons. Legalization increases the circulation in the society which means that those who are to use it for reactional purposes are also getting it at increased rates than when it is illegal. The increased use for non-medical reasons means more abuse in the society (White, 2009).

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Premises 3: Marijuana use has long-term adverse medical effects. Legalization the legalization would mean that the country was allowing the citizens be exposed to these conditions when it was possible to control such through having it remain illegal (Vick, 2010).

Premise 4: Even when used for medical reasons, Marijuana still has side effects which need to be avoided through not legalizing it. They include destabilized thinking.

Premise 5: With legal marijuana, deviancy cases will increase. Marijuana has been directly related to crime. With it being legalized, the impact is that crime will rise.

Support: As Govier (2010) identifies, “Marijuana should not be legalized. That’s because sustained use of marijuana worsens a person’s memory, and nothing that adversely affects one’s mental abilities should be legalized”. According to Govier (2010), the medical harms of marijuana outweigh its medical benefits.

Lepore (1985) states, “Marijuana should not be legalized because of its side effects!!” According to Lepore (1985), “Marijuana weakens the adrenal glands”, and displaces a vitamin called L-glutamine. The loss of L-glutamine, according to Lepore (1985), makes one have a hampered thinking.

A survey by U.S Department of Justice (1992), identified that 80 percent of the American population believe “it was a bad idea” to legalize and only “14% said it was a good idea”. As Peck and Dolch (2001) state, Marijuana use in a case study caused a boy to, “ran away from home a couple of times, vandalize buildings, and stole things”. As the authors believe, such use distorts the normal behavior of the citizens thus a loss especially from the most active category of the youth.

Major argument

Conlusion: marijuana should be legalized.

Premise 1: Marijuana remaining illegal is against the constitutional rights of people. According to the constitution, citizen posses the right to chose what they do as liberty bestowed on them by the constitution. Not legalizing it makes it that the government was controlling their liberty thus defining what they can do not do with their own lives.

Premise 2: Some people are prescribed to use marijuana as a medication to their medical conditions. Making marijuana illegal is denying them a right to the use of this substance as a medicine. This is inhumane because for some the unavailability of marijuana due to its being illegal means they have to suffer pains (Cantor & Berkowitz, 1984).

Premise 3: Having marijuana as illegal is an act of discrimination. It discriminates the minority who are the citizens and users of the drug. This discrimination leads to branding and name calling on this category and thus an act which continues and fuels deviancy in society.

Premise 4: Marijuana being illegal causes legal battles which lead to waste of security and law enforcement resources. With this quality, the police units are engaged in constant struggles called drug wars. This reduces the number of police who can be engaged in other meaningful security activities aimed at protecting citizens.

Support: Rosenthal, Kubby and Newhart (2003) state, “ the damage to the mental health of millions of Americans as a result of arrest, incarceration, loss of property, and humiliation are far more serious than any medical damage ever reported from the use of marijuana” as Rosenthal, Kubby and Newhart (2003) believe, marijuana’s use for medical reasons is a valid reason why it has to be legalized because for these categories, denying them through having it illegal is like denying then a drug they cannot live without.

As Rosenthal, Kubby and Newhart (2003) believe too, the millions who depend on marijuana for medical and non-medical reasons should not be made to suffer further loses through the court procedures they are put to.

Study done by Flowers (1999) reveled that, “1 in 10 respondents believed use of marijuana should be legal. Nearly 49 percent felt that marijuana should be legal by prescription for medical purposes, while over 13 percent believed marijuana use should be decriminalized”

References.

Cantor, N., & Berkowitz, L. (1984). Theorizing in social psychology: Special topics. Orlando: Academic Press.

Flowers, R. B. (1999). Drugs, alcohol and criminality in American society. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Govier, T. (2010). A practical study of argument. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Lepore, D. (1985). The ultimate healing system: Breakthrough in nutrition, Kinesiology and holistic healing techniques: course manual. Pleasant Grove, Utah: Woodland Pub.

Rosenthal, E., Kubby, S., & Newhart, S. (2003). Why marijuana should be legal. Philadelphia: Running Press.

U.S Department of Justice (1992). Drugs, Crime, and the Justice System. New York: DIANE Publishing.

Peck, D. L., & Dolch, N. A. (2001). Extraordinary behavior: A case study approach to understanding social problems. Westport, Conn: Praeger.

Vick, D. (2010). Drugs & Alcohol in the 21st Century: Theory, Behavior, & Policy. NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

White, J. E. (2009). Contemporary moral problems. Australia: Thomson Wadsworth.

Categories: Branding

The smoked and that knew findings show

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The purpose of this paper is to discuss marijuana and compare
both sides of the issue of legalizing marijuana. We have two factions
fighting each other; one those who are pro-marijuana and those who are
anti-marijuana. These two factions have been fighting on this issue on
the halls of justice for years.


Pro marijuana legalization groups such as the Physician’s
Association for AIDS Care, National Lymphoma Foundation argue that
marijuana should be legalized in order to treat terminally ill
patients. Among them are AIDS victims who find that marijuana
stimulates their appetites so they can fight off dangerous emaciation;
glaucoma sufferers who have used marijuana said it has prevented them
from going blind, and cancer patients for whom it alleviates the
severe nausea that is often accompanies chemotherapy and sometimes
makes lifesaving treatment impossible.
Due to all these lobbying groups which show subeztial
evidence that marijuana can be used as a prescribed drug. Also many
advocates who are pro marijuana complain that morphine and cocaine are
legal and are very dangerous drugs, that brings up the question why
not legalize marijuana as medical drug which is proven to be less
dangerous than cocaine and morphine. Lobbying groups in a San Diego,
California , council committee unanimously voted to urge president
Bill Clinton and congress to end federal restrictions against the
use of marijuana for ” legitiment medical use.” City council women
Christine kehoe said she wanted the city of San Diego “to go on the
record we support the medical use marijuana.; marijuana can be a drug
of necessity in the treatment of AIDS, glaucoma, cancer and multiple
sclerosis.”

Many agencies which are anti marijuana such as Drug
Enforcement Agency and police departments argue that marijuana
shouldn’t be legalized. These agencies believe that marijuana
shouldn’t be legalized because if marijuana is to become legal then
thousands more patients using marijuana. Then people will raise the
question why marijuana illegal at all if its a medicine.
The main reason why the Drug Enforcement Agency doesn’t want
marijuana to be legal is because their is no hard core evidence that
proves that marijuana is a effective drug as a medicine. In twenty
years of research have produced no reliable scientific proof that
marijuana has medical value. The American Cancer Society , American
Glaucoma Society,the National Multiple Sclerosis, the American Academy
of Ophthalmology, or the American Medical Association , say that their
is no evidence that marijuana is a medicine.
The agencies also argues that no other drug prescribed is
smoked and that knew findings show that marijuana is acutely harmful
to AIDS, Cancer patients because the active ingredient in marijuana
acutely reduces the the bodies white blood cells which fight off
infection. The Drug Enforcement Agency along with police departments
all over the United States believe, with the legalization of drugs
crime will increase due to a higher increase of pot users which will
eventually become addicts and will still or kill in order to get their
drugs. These are the main points and reasons why the Drug named
marijuana shouldn’t be legalized in the United States of America.
Seeing booth sides of the issue I come to a conclusion that
marijuana should be legalized in order to help people suffering from
terminal diseases such as AIDS, Cancer and Glaucoma. Prohibition of
marijuana over the past decades hasn’t deminshed the demand of the
drug in the United States. The use of marijuana has acutely went up
due to the mass attention given to marijuana by rappers such as
Cypress Hill who promote the use of marijuana as a social drug. But I
believe that marijuana is here to stay in our society and is only
going through the stages that alcohol had during the prohibition era.

Marijuana will become legal due to the knew administration
which is liberal and who’s leader, president Bill Clinton who had
acutely used marijuana during the nineteen sixties. Due to all these
factors marijuana will become more widely accepted by the American
people who will pressure congress to rewrite the laws on the drug
marijuana. Now its only a matter of time before lobbying groups
pressure the legislature to legalize it. Due to legalization many
states will be able to grow marijuana as a cash crop, and the United
States government will be able to tax marijuana and make revenue off
it. The revenue made from marijuana will be in the millions which can
be used for drug rehabs and anti drug programs targeted at elementary
children. Still by seeing both sides of the issue I’m still one
hundred percent pro marijuana because I use it socially and I believe
its less harmful than beer or liquor because with marijuana you can’t
overdose.

Categories: United States

Marijuana also known as cannabis sativa has been

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Marijuana also known as cannabis sativa has been falsely criticized since the beginning of the century. The fact is that the legalization of marijuana can have positive effects. Marijuana has been proven to be less likely to create crime, it can be used as a medicine, and isnt any more harmful than most other legal substances on the market. Its hard to understand why it is illegal. Legalizing marijuana would reduce the numbers in our prisons, help the countrys Ill citizens, and make money for the government by taxing the plant.

There is no feasible way to completely abolish drug use in the United States. As with Prohibition of Alcohol in the earlier part of this century, the fight against drugs has backfired. The United States is spending billions of dollars a year to fight a war, which over the last 60 years, has shown that it cannot be won. So lets use a little reverse psychology on the subject. What would happen if marijuana or other illegal drugs were legalized (Rosenthal, 133)?
First, the billions of dollars that the government is spending trying to abolish illegal drugs would be put to better use and the government would be able to tax the new drugs just as they do alcohol and tobacco. These monies could then be spent to provide better education on the affects of drugs and drug abuse, better healthcare, and research on medical uses of drugs such as marijuana. Also, the government would be able to regulate the quality of products on the market, resulting in fewer deaths caused by overdosing and by junk drugs (Grinspoon, Lester, 167).
Second, with government regulation, including sale and distribution, the big drug dealers would no longer be in control. The drugs would be made affordable or free to those who are addicted, thus decreasing crimes such as petty theft. The streets would be much safer to walk on, because the crack dealer on the corner would no longer be pushing drugs to young children. Since the drug dealers would no longer have areas of distribution (turf), there would be a decline in gang war crimes such as murder and accidental shootings(Matthews, Patrick, 205).

Third, if legalized, hemp and marijuana crops could take the place of part, or all, of the small farmers regular crops. They are both good rotational crops that need little tending, and it has been shown that they replace nutrients back into the soil that are lost in the growth of normal crops such as wheat and corn. This would bring in additional revenue to the farmers, keeping them in business, and provide even more tax revenue to the government (Rosenthal, Ed, 97). Also, a new retail market would emerge since hemp can be manufactured into clothing, paper products, oils, and fuels, and marijuana has medicinal purposes. It is often prescribed to AIDS, cancer and glaucoma patients. If the plant were legal, people wouldnt have to sneak behind the governments back just to smoke it. If it relieves their pain, why cant people take advantage of it? How can the government hold this plant back based on false research and propaganda? ? Legalizing this plant would free this medicine. That effect can greatly help society. Glaucoma patients rely heavily on marijuana as it eases their pain and helps blood flow to the eyes. Marijuana is one of the better medicines recommended to Glaucoma patients. If it has been proven to be effective, why isnt it fully available to the people?
As Adam Smith said, the market is regulated by an invisible hand this statement is as true with an illegal market product as with a legal market product (Rosenthal, Ed, 138). As was seen with the Prohibition, just because it was illegal to drink doesnt mean that it didnt happen. The black market for alcohol in the 1920s was just as big as the black market for drugs is now. Theres a saying We always want what we cant have; when something is prohibited more people flock to it because it is taboo (Zimmer, Lynn, 34). Once the Prohibition was over alcohol consumption was down and crime went down. If all it took was the legalization of alcohol, then why wouldnt the legalization of drugs do the same thing? As outlined above if drugs are legalized and regulated by the government there are more benefits than pitfalls.
Marijuana has been proven to be less likely to create crime, in some cases can be used as a medicine, and its legalization can be used to tax the people. The effects of its legalization would help society. No more sneaking behind the governments back to smoke this plant. No more locking up innocent, good, hard-working people. Everyone should be able to live in peace. Peace too many would be decriminalizing this plant. Hopefully well all see the day when marijuana is legalized.

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Categories: United States

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