Introduction:Insects wasp and ants? Caterpillars? BeetlesPupa:? Beetles? Bees,

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Introduction:Insects belong to class insecta and Phylum Arthropoda. Approximately 2-3 billion species exist onearth they have three body regions ( head,thorax,abdomen), compound eyes, one pair of antenna,three pair of legs and reproductive organs present respectively. They are cold blooded. Some insectspecies are very important for consumptions of human beings, because population of globeincreasing day by day. Due to increasing world population, pressure rises on water means, fishfarming, agronomic land, biodiversity and require high amount of nutrients and non-renewableenergy. So now a days to fulfil these requirements some countries of world consuming insects asa food. Consumption of insect is called entomophagy which derives from Greek word ‘Entomon’mean insect and ‘phage in’ mean to eat. Edible insects have some effective properties such asgood quality proteins, minerals and vitamin. That’s why they consider flavorsome and deliciousby consumers. Approximately more than 1900 species are using as diet for humans globally.Edible insects out of 1900 species given below:? 31% beetles (coleoptera)? 14 % bees, wasp and ants (Hymenoptera)? 3% termites (Isoptera)? 2% flies (Diptera)? 18% caterpillars (lepidoptera)? 13% grasshoppers, locusts and crickets (Orthoptera)? 10% leafhoppers,planthoppers,cicadas,scale insects and true bugs (Hemiptera)? 3% dragonflies (Odonata)? And 5% from other orders of insects.Stages at which Insects can be Consumed:Larva:? Bees, wasp and ants? Caterpillars? BeetlesPupa:? Beetles? Bees, wasp and antsAdult:? Cicadas,planthoppers,leafhoppers and scale insects? Grasshoppers, locusts and cricketers? TermitesAdvantages of Edible Insects:? One kilogram termites produces 350g protein while same amount of beef produces 320g? Caterpillars provides 280g protein which is 20g more than salmon,30g than pork and 263gthan tofu? It takes 10kg to produce 1kg of beef, only half of which can actually be eaten. On the otherhand 10kg of feed will produce 9kg of insects of which over 95% can be eaten? Less money requires to produce edible insects so it is more positive economically? 2g CO2 produced by one kg of crickets this is much lower than cattle which produces2850g of CO2? One kg of edible beef has same effect on the environment as a deriving 250km in car? Insects produce 60x less methane than cattle? Animal products are responsible, 27% and 18% for water footprints and greenhouse gasesrespectively? Farming of edible insects requires very little space for insects and their feed as well aseliminate environment impact? Up to 33% could be cut from average food costs due to cost effective nature of edibleinsectsEdible Insect Recipes:? Cricket Caesar salad? Cricket and cream cheese wraps? Mealworm muffins? Insect floor fruit smoothie

Categories: Environment


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