Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas with thehelp of insulin, glucose in the human body produced fromcarbohydrates in the food intake to produce energy or to storeglucose as fat. Insulin helps to maintain blood sugar at thedesirable level.Low Blood Sugar Level: In medical term, it is called asHypoglycemia. This condition is reached when the blood sugarlevel drops too low. It is a very critical stage, low blood sugarlevel generates a fatal condition, which can result in diabeticcoma and ultimately leads to the death of the patient.High Blood Sugar Level: This is called hyperglycemia.It is an unsafe state, is caused when the blood sugar levelremains too high. If it continues to be in this state for alonger term causes many health problems which might includeheart disease, eye, kidney, and nerves damage. Most of thetimes diabetics fall into hyperglycemia category. In this phase,insulin is manually or automatically injected into the patient’sbody to balance and maintain blood sugar level in the safestate.Safe Blood Sugar Level: This is a safe zone where theblood sugar level is within the safe band. This level can becompared to those who don’t have diabetes and can be referredto as the ideal band. In this zone, we do not inject insulin.Pancreas is the organ in our abdominal cavity that producesdigestive enzymes which get released into the intestine andalso release different hormones including insulin.Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas, whichraised the blood glucose level. It is produced in the alpha cellsin the islets of Langerhans in our pancreas. Glucagon can alsobe given by injection to reverse a severe hypo.Glucose is a simple sugar that generated from the digestionof starch, sweet food and from the liver that makes glucose.Carbohydrates come from food that we intake. During thedigestion, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose. Theyare the main source of energy in our diet and include all sugarsand starches.Blood glucose level is the amount of glucose in our blood.Bolus is an extra amount of insulin taken to cover anexpected rise in blood glucose, often it is related to a mealor snack.Basal rate The amount of insulin required to managenormal daily blood glucose variations.Diabetes is the condition in which the patient’s body doesnot properly process food to generate energy. Generally, thefood consumed is broken down into glucose, or sugar. Thepancreas, an organ which lies near the stomach, makes ahormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells ofour bodies. But when a person has diabetes pancreases willnot function properly which produces insulin to keep the bloodsugar level in control at the same time when sugar level is verylow it can’t produce enough glucagon to keep the sugar levelbalanced.

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