In the Roman citizens that Caesar’s death is

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In the tragedy Julius Caesar by
William Shakespeare, the theme of persuasion is evident throughout the whole
play. Both Brutus and Antony successfully
persuade other people by using ethos, pathos, and logos. yet these two characters
differ greatly in terms of characteristics. However, Brutus is more naïve whereas
Antony is manipulative.

Both Antony and Brutus are persuasive orators
and both deliver two influential speeches that successfully persuade the Roman
citizens to be on their sides. Brutus successfully convinces the Roman citizens
that Caesar’s death is essential to maintaining a Roman republic. In the
beginning of Brutus’s speech, he addresses the Roman citizens as “Romans,
countrymen, and lovers”. By addressing the Roman citizens as “lovers”, the Roman
citizens are then reminded by the ethos of  Brutus  and his authoritative figure as an honourable
and noble man. The Roman citizens can also see Brutus’s devotion to Rome as he
starts his speech by saying “Romans”. He explains that he kills Caesar “not
that he loved Caesar less, but that he loved Rome more”. This line
convinces the Roman citizens that Brutus places his devotion for Caesar beneath
his loyalty for Rome, thus showing Brutus is a true honourable and patriotic

Brutus also
employs logos by asking, “had you rather Caesar were living and die all slaves”.

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He cites an example of Caesar being ambitious by saying Caesar would have enslaved
every citizen if he was alive. By bringing up this fact, Brutus seeks to
demonstrate that the assassination is benefiting the Roman citizens and is
necessary to maintaining freedom. In the end of the speech, he uses pathos by
saying he can take his life if the citizens demand his death. By saying this,
Brutus proves his commitment in putting the good Rome above everything,
including his life. Antony also uses pathos and logos to sway the crowd. He
uses logos by providing three examples of Caesar being moderate ambitious.

Caesar pays ransoms, implying his generosity and his love for his people.

Caesar weeps for the poor, showing his compassion for the poor and he suffers
in sympathy from the plight of the poor. Caesar refuses the crown three times,
implying his lack of ambition. He also uses pathos to convey his grief for
Caesar by saying “hisheart is in the coffin with Caesar”. This shows his love
for Caesar and the people who have lost their loved ones can relate to him and
sympathize him.   

Although both Antony and Brutus are good at
persuading other people, they have some different characteristics. Brutus is
proud of his reputation as an honourable and noble man, but he is often naïve. It
is his concentration on nobility and honour that leads him to see the world in
a naïve view. Cassius tries to convince Brutus to join the conspirators.

Cassius constantly emphasizing words like “free” and “Rome”. Since Brutus is
patriotic and this deceives Brutus into believing that killing Caesar is preventing
Rome from being ruled under tyranny. He is also unable to recognize that the
letters were sent by Cassius. (Cite) These all show that Brutus is gullible and
easily manipulated. Furthermore, Brutus grants Antony permission to speak at
Caesar’s funeral after him. Brutus trusts that Antony will justify Caesar’s
death like how Brutus did. Antony does the opposite and reveals Brutus’s
dishonourable decision by disclaiming his nobility. Unlike Brutus, Antony is
manipulative and sophisticated. He pretends to be with the conspirators by
falsely telling them “friends am I with you all.” (cite) By saying this, he
then earns the conspirators’ trust. In order to avenge Caesar’s death, he needs
to weaken the citizens’ respect for the conspirators and convince them it is
wrong for the conspirators to kill Caesar. He takes advantage of Brutus’s
naivety and gains permission to speak at Caesar’s funeral. Antony employs
verbal irony in his speech to manipulate the citizens into believing him. He
keeps repeating the phrase, “Brutus is an honourable man,” to makes this phrase
questionable and sparks the citizens in doubt. He is mocking the idea that
Brutus is honourable, reminding people of what Caesar has done to them and thus
causes the citizens to be angry towards the conspirators.  


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