In Philip K. Dick’s, Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep, we are shown the brave new world of the dystopian future where technological advancements benefit society, but at a difficult cost. Animals across the galaxy are becoming extinct from the aftermath of the nuclear fallout. Almost all animals have become a prestige symbol of wealth to mankind. And this is part of what sets protagonist, Rick Deckard on his mission. Rick Deckard, is a bounty hunter who is assigned a new mission to hunt down and retire (kill) 6 nexus 6 androids that went rogue with violence, in the eyes of his superiors. With hopes that he will earn enough money to buy a real animal instead of his electric sheep, which is why he takes the role of killing the 6 Nexus Androids. His job requires him to hunt down and question potential droids. This is all while using a test known as the “Voigt-Kampff test” which shows if they possess true human emotion or if they are synthetic. As time passes, he raises attention to the matter of them having higher intelligence, empathy, and characteristics on what it means to be human. First, there is an established sense of unfair “rogue” justice seen throughout the story. Underneath everything, the novel is based on slavery and injustice. Philip Dick may be providing the readers with a direct analogy between the androids and the slaves of American history. Similarly to the slaves sold in the southern states, the androids can be classified as chattel slaves. The replicants (droids) suffer from discrimination and exploitation from birth. They are made by the Tyrell corporation and are genetically engineered humans that are designed for specific purposes, such as taking upon the role of a worker or servants. However, in the end, they turn out to show more sympathy, empathy and other instinctual human emotions than Rick, who is the human murdering them one by one. Rick has encountered fake animals throughout the novel, some on his journey, and some of his own. He purchases his fake animals however to boost his social status. He seems to not care about the animal itself, but just the social status around owning a real animal. This shows that Rick does not possess as much empathy as we believed him to have. Ironically, this shows that humans want to justify and confirm their empathy and humanity by hunting down and destroying androids, which in itself is pretty un-empathetic. However, the first sign of Rick himself making an effort to create social justice, or any good, is seen through his realization that his sheep can’t provide any real companionship or love to him, he realizes something seriously wrong has happened to humanity. Another example of the unfair justice that Dick creates in the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep, is with the use of the Voigt-Kampff test. Dick writes about the Voigt-Kampff test and how it was used to judge any intelligent being of its empathy level made for androids. No matter how gifted as to pure intellectual capacity, an android could make no sense out of the fusion which took place during the test, therefore, the basis for this test was put to question. Rick discovers that the Voigt-Kampff test looks at only one inaccurate aspect of empathy. As the result of discovering this, Rick is beginning to question the accuracy of the test, and whether he has been lied to by the Tyrell corporation. Throughout the novel, Rick’s image and perception of the androids are altered. He eventually begins to feel empathy towards them. “I took a test, one question, and verified it; I’ve begun to empathize with androids, and look what that means” (Dick, 124). He worries that he may not have been told the truth about the androids and that the motives of his job are not what he thought. Afterwards, it is evident that Rick starts to see the world in the perspective of the androids. While that is happening, he slowly begins to realize why they must be constantly on the run. It is shown without a doubt, that there is no justice shown towards the androids. In this time, Rick acknowledges his own actions and generates his own conclusion about the mystery of what it means human. Rick now believes that the androids should have a much better chance at life and sense of justice from what they have now.  Since we are entering into a more rapid fear of global destruction, Philip K. Dick’s novel can be viewed as very relevant in today’s media. The dystopian fiction in Dick’s novel is not far from reality. Extreme droughts, storms, and weather conditions are prediction to increase. We wouldn’t need world war terminus to reach a point where the issues put forth in Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep become a reality.

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