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In the 21st century, technology has been adopted as a way of life. The use of technologically advanced products has drastically increased; schools have even resorted to online textbook providers for convenience. Society is progressing to use automation in the workplace. If this policy were to be fully integrated into the workplace, it is important to look at the psychological, social, and financial effects. Although technology could be detrimental to an employee’s social habits, it assists the personnel by reducing short-term strains, increasing productivity and creating more profit for the companies choosing to invest in the option of automation. Therefore, it is practical to incorporate technology into institutions, especially where employees are required to perform complicated and stressful tasks.When employers consider computerizing their corporation, they need to consider the way machines interact with the employees’ mental health. Like any change to a routine, automation in a firm has both positive and negative consequences. According to a study by Eila Jarvenpaa, a professor of work psychology from the University of Helsinki, the longer a person works on computers, the higher amount of job stress the individual experiences. In fact, if the work is complicated, it is less stressful to use a computer to complete it than if the procedure was an easy routine (1997). For example, it often becomes a hassle to type data into a computer after taking it down on paper at first. However, if the task was to get information out as quick as possible, sending it via technology would be faster and quicker than writing out snail-mail. In addition to the regular workload and stresses associated with the employees’ jobs and lives, new equipment creates new stress factors such as delays, breakdowns, and inability to understand the complex operations of the machine (Jarvenpaa, 1997). Although it is true that new equipment can negatively impact the mentalities of staff members, technically advanced workplaces can also reduce stresses similar to psychosomatic symptoms and overall short-term strains. In the study, employees experienced the least positive mental well-being at the time when the integration of technology was introduced at the district court. However, two years later, when the staff members adapted to the use of machines at work, they experienced the most positive mental well-being (Jarvenpaa, 1997) because they had learned to use the new equipment to their benefit. As mentioned in the study, staff members find problems adapting to the machinery at first, but almost a year after implementation, the favorable results become apparent. This indicates that the reason technology appeared to have had adverse results in the beginning, was simply due to the unfamiliarity of the products used for routine processes. With a similar perspective to Jarvenpaa’s study, an article written by Gorlach and Wessel from the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University’s School of Engineering states that the best method to neutralize pressure from automation is to have a perfect balance in between machines and working personnel (2008). When there are equal amounts of technology and staff members, it betters the psychological activity of the human brain while managing productivity and maintaining human interaction. Most people, despite knowing the disadvantages of technology, choose to employ its use every day. This is because of the speed and effortlessness of communication with the use of technology. Instead of having to write letters and send it via post, worrying whether it is at its destination yet, it is easier to take a few minutes to write an email just to have the recipient receive it within seconds. Recently, the use of social media has also made it easier and quicker to publicize events and products. In the case of efficiency, computers also make it notably easier to keep things organized when it is digital. Rather than having to keep archive rooms full of documents, you could store everything on the computer and print it off when required. So, when employees need to find a particular document, a few clicks will get them what they need. Without a computer, they will have to manually search through files and folders, probably searching for a few hours before they find it.The mindset of workers change; consequently, their social life is also affected, both inside and outside the workplace. Like the article from the Atlantic by Derek Thompson, a literature review from the British Journal of Education Technology by Heather Short shows the negative effects of technology on the workplace. The article explains the long-term effects of the mechanization of a workplace: technology taking over the workplace, which causes a lack of adequate social interaction, which leads to psychologically deleterious situations like abuse, anxiety, dejection, other mental disorders, and criminal activity (Thompson, 2015). The literature review has a similar perspective on the use of technology in the workplace. It shows how the introduction of technology into a workplace reduces the need for human interaction, thus diminishing trust in between colleagues (Short, 2014). The lack of trust amongst co-workers can result in a dangerous working environment or in inefficient performance, though these impacts are only visible in a technologically dominant industry where machines are used for everything including communication. The lack of trust in between individuals could materialize as a result of communication not being face to face because the tone could get lost in a virtual space. For example, if a boss sends an employee an email with constructive criticism to make sure that the employee does not repeat a mistake, the recipient might not understand the message of the sender.  Whereas, if the boss had talked to the employee in person, the worker is likelier to not get offended. The necessity of a device to the organization must be considered when implementing automation. The Myth of Sisyphus, like an article written by Judy Wajcman, a professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Science, subtly motivates its audience to disfavor the concept of computerization at any given location. According to the article about automation, there is no permanent breakthrough, and there is no point to actually adopting electronic techniques and devices if they are just going to get outdated in a few years. The Myth of Sisyphus says the exact same thing, except that the message is more obscure. Sisyphus rolls a boulder up a hill every day, though the boulder never gets to its destination. This is what the author of the article says, where the hill is made up of innovative products, the boulder is technology, Sisyphus is mankind and the peak of the mountain is as far as technology can go– a breakthrough device that can solve our problems or “the next best thing”. It does not matter how great of heights technology gets to, just like Sisyphus’s boulder, technology can never have a final endpoint; there will always be room for a “greater” height. Since technology cannot be perfect, innovators continue to create more and more products, each with better features than its predecessor (Wajcman, 2017). When better options are out on the market, older options get outdated; this leads to consumers wanting to purchase the newest option as soon as it is available. A relatable example could be the iPhone 7– when it first came out, Apple customers felt compelled to get the newly manufactured phone. However, less than a year later, when the iPhone 8 was released, consumers wished to get the newer version because they assumed that newer was “better”. That assumption can become detrimental to a company’s financial situation if they attempt to upgrade their newly attained machinery for a newer machine even though the new feature addition may not pertain to that company’s workplace environment or goals. In many cases, businesses cannot afford to buy advanced technology and will have to go with the most basic version of the machine that is available, especially in a career field where technology is necessary. In industries such as research, though certain studies are funded by government grants, they receive very limited funding and they have to categorize their priorities in order to make the best use of their money. If their equipment is in good condition, they probably will not be putting too much money into getting new machines or upgrades on their old ones. According to a demonstration study about the usability of machines written by Arthanat, Lesner and Sundar, members from the Department of Occupational Therapy at the University of New Hampshire, not every type of institution will be able to afford the most advanced technology (2016). For example, to a science laboratory, a calorimeter might be affordable, but to a public school, it would be an unnecessary luxury to even have in the chemistry lab.Even though automation can be lavish, sometimes it may be necessary due to inadequacy in employment. In Thompson’s article “A World Without Work”, he paints a picture in the reader’s mind about the automation of a steel company leading to the lack of jobs and resulting in mental health issues. On the other hand, an article from Sue Zaleski, the clinical pathology laboratory manager of The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, creates another perspective that the lack of professionals induces a necessity for automation, especially at the laboratory. According to the article, it is getting progressively difficult to recruit skilled and trained workers due to the lack of laboratory professionals  (2011). In addition to that, automation in a firm actually creates jobs because there needs to be properly trained staff to take care of and maintain the equipment. The reason people do lose jobs when mechanization is implemented is either because they find it hard to adapt to the new methods (Maceli & Burke, 2016), or because the company cannot afford to pay extra employees for the care of the machines and are having to make a choice (Massaccesi et al., 2015). What that means is that in reality, people can lose jobs due to mechanization, but other employees will join in their place. The company only undergoes an employee turnover; it does not reduce the number of jobs available.Companies should invest in technologically advanced products and implement automation in the workforce in order to reduce short-term stresses, pressures from the workforce, workload, and to facilitate procedures, especially in laboratories and health centers. Some limiting factors could be that it requires funding, some workers might be unwilling to adapt, and that technology gets outdated or inefficient very quickly. The investors may have to spend a little more money immediately following the implementation, but within a few years, they start making more profit. It could also cause possible job loss to workers and increase their long-term mental strain as well as immediate job demands. With technology, however, comes innovation. In some career fields, invention is essential like engineering, business, research, etc., and it is that which helps patrons serve their clients or patients better. It can also provide treatment options like radiotherapy, make it less expensive and more productive.

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