In the white and the coloured and

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In the poems “Limbo” by Edward Kamau Brathwaite and “Nothing’s Changed” by Tatamkhulu Afrika they clearly show the contrast between how the Caucasians treated people that are coloured, especially the blacks. “Limbo” is a poem that shows contrast on how the Caucasians treat the blacks in harsh ways and how they force them to work, forced to leave their home country and how the blacks suffered the acts of slavery. While “Nothing’s changed” focuses on how the coloured people in Africa are simply controlled by the whites, they are given an amount to eat, an amount for their work and what areas they are not allowed to enter. These two poems suggest the suffering of the blacks between violence and human nature. In both poems, nothing’s changed and Limbo portrays the discrimination between the white and the coloured and the themes are both man vs man. Both of these poems utilize many literary techniques such as juxtaposition, personification, etc…Limbo is based on mainly slavery in the 16th to 18th century. The poem acknowledges on how the blacks were forced out of their country while being overpowered by the whites. Through the stanzas, it is clear that the slaves can refer to the weapons and the atmospheres used to torture or hurt the slaves, using imagery about the “long dark deck” and “the stick is the whip”. The word “Limbo” in the poem could be also portrayed as the actual game, it could be seen as different stages of slavery from Africa to America or Europe.  Every time the slaves say “limbo limbo like me limbo limbo like me” it could be a transition to the next stage and every stage the stick lowers like in the actual game. More pressure and torture is conflicted on to the slave indicating how the suffering and pain the slaves have experienced. Limbo utilizes many literary techniques such as personification, metaphor and Juxtaposition. For example “stick hit sound” which can be portrayed as metaphoric. It is physically impossible to hit sound, so this could mean that writer is trying to recreate the beating of the slaves and that it’s so painful that the whip sound could show that the sound is unbearable to listen to, this can indicate more of the intense violence the slaves suffered on the ship. Another example is “Long dark deck and the silence is over me” which can be portrayed as a personification. The writer is implying that the “silence” is covering or overpowering the slave, caving him in. These actions can only be done by a large animal or a human being, showing that it can be personification. This can also show the aftermath of all the violence and even after their beating they are still traumatized by the events that happened in the morning. This poem juxtaposes with nothing’s changed because they have the same type of discrimination but in different timelines. Even though one is more violent than the other, the blacks still suffered the most. Getting lesser food, fewer privileges and both suffered verbal and physical abuse from the whites.Nothing’s changed is based on the racism in Africa in the 19th century. The poem acknowledges the racist laws between the coloured and the whites and how they were divided into different sections, what areas they live in and how much food they got, everything was controlled by the government. The poem clearly shows on how Tatamkhulu Afrika reacts when he sees the division between the races and is furious of how nothing’s changed. The poem compares the luxury of the races, for example, the whites get to eat in a restaurant and while the blacks only get to eat street food with no utensils, coloured people are restricted from eating restaurants even if they can afford it. This shows the discrimination between the coloured suffering against the whites.In Nothing’s Changed the poet also utilizes many literary techniques the same as Limbo. The literary techniques used the most were personification and metaphors. In the third stanza the poet is in District Six and says “but my feet know”, which is personification. Body parts are not able to know or think so by saying his feet know, means that he is showing his feeling, he knows this place because he is familiar with the scene, he knows that it’s his home. This is only the beginning to his anger which could be implying that the poet is building up his anger, feeling little disappointment in what he sees of the town,

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