Hitler he needed to eliminate the Jewish

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Hitler came to power in Germany in the 1930s. His reign as Fhrer of the Third Reich is known as one of the darkest periods of world history. He desired to build a supreme race. He believed the Jewish race was too large and too economically strong. To aid him in his quest for the supreme German race and to conquer Germany’s economic woes, he waged a war of holocaust against the Jewish people and any “weak” human beings. This became known as “Hitler’s Final Solution.”
America has risen to one of most powerful nations in the world. The mosaic of people that make up the “melting pot of the world” are entirely responsible for the success of this country. Diverseness unifies a nation, while prejudice and discrimination cause emotional and physical separation among the inhabitants of a country; “A nation divided cannot stand.” Adolph Hitler and the Nazis, however, chose to follow their theories and ideas of creating a “supreme race” despite the contradiction with the universal principles that acknowledge the power of diversity. Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Slavs, the physically and mentally disabled, Jehovah’s witnesses, homosexuals, political prisoners, dissenting clergy, and others who were considered unworthy of being a member of society, all fell Nazi victims. Over eleven million diverse, innocent people were slaughtered by the Nazis as a result of their desire to create an identical race of people.

Hitler believed Marxism contrived to bestow the world to the Jews. Hitler predicted the Marxists would use democracy until they got the support of the intellectual world, then they would kill the populations. Hitler believed the most powerful nation would be one that is composed of a folkish state. Hitler’s folkish philosophy promotes the supremacy of the “better and stronger” and the surrender of the “inferior and weaker.” He believed that only this mightier race of people would be strong enough to withstand and overcome the problems of the future (Hitler 1: 4-l 0). Hitler wanted to rid the country of religion. He felt with all its indistinct characteristics and multiple forms, it was not only insignificant for human life, but it would lead
to the disintegration of mankind. He believed that he needed to eliminate the Jewish and “harmful” concepts, opinions, and aims to be able to create this folkish state. Many Germans already had strong feelings of resentment and animosity towards the Jews. Hitler provoked these feelings by convincing them that the Jews were the cause of all evil. On February 24, 1920, during the festsaal of the Munich Hofbrauhaus, the principles of the new party’s program was presented to the crowd. After every point, the two thousand people excitedly approved (Hitler 5: 201-203).

When Hitler came into power, he created a series of policies and regulations that gradually captured the rights of the Jews in Germany. In 1933, the Nazis began to boycott Jewish businesses. The Nuremberg Laws were then established. These foreboded Jews to enter public places such as cinemas and resorts, suspended the publishing of Jewish newspapers, and required Jews to carry identification cards and Star of David badges. The Nazis burned synagogues, arrested and murdered Jews, banned their children from school, and appointed harsh curfews. After Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, Hitler demanded death for all European Jews. Many were herded into ghettos, while others were being killed by the millions from mobile squads. They were then led to concentration camps where six million died for being Jewish (Laska 101).

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The Nazis saw Gypsies as asocial and inferior to Germans. Although the Gypsies were not specifically mentioned in the Nuremberg Laws, they were included in the actions of the Nazis. They were deprived of their civil rights, sent to ghettos and concentration camps, used in medical experiments, and injected with lethal substances. 30,000 German Gypsies were deported East between 1939 and 1943. Gypsies who were married to Germans were excused but were sterilized. Many were also murdered by-the Einsatzgruppen, the Nazi firing squad. They were shot naked facing their pre-dug graves for the sake of efficiency. According to Nazis, they preferred shooting the Jews because they would stand still unlike the Gypsies who would cry, scream moan, and move about. Hundreds of thousands of European Gypsies were killed during the Holocaust, most of them being gassed in Auschwitz (Hilberg 641).

Poles and other Slavs also fell victim to the Nazi terror. They were considered to be
subhumans and merely a hindrance to gaining more territory for Germany. Hitler quoted that “The destruction of Poland is our primary task. The aim is not the arrival of a certain line but the annihilation of living forces…” (Hitler 5: 204) Polish, Ukrainian, and Byelorussian people became targets of the Nazi genocide policy. Millions were deported to Germany. Polish teachers, physicians, clergy, business owners, attorneys, engineers, and other professionals were sent to concentration camps or publicly executed. Poles and other Slavs sent to execution camps had to wear the badges specified for criminal and political prisoners because there was no specific badge for them (Holocaust).

The physically and mentally disabled were executed because they were considered a hindrance to the Nazi plan for the “perfect race.” They were rarely sent to concentration camps so therefore never assigned a specific badge. The nazis created sterilization programs and in 1934, 300,000-400,000 disabled were sterilized. The majority of these people were in mental hospitals and various other institutions. Propaganda campaigns emphasizing the costs of care of the disabled were used to create public support of Nazi programs. In 1939, the secret Nazi plan of exterminating the physically and mentally handicap began (Holocaust). This was known as the “euthanasia program.” People became aware of the euthanasia killings and protested against them. Hitler ordered an end to the program in August 1941. Because of strong encouragement from the Nazis, however, the doctors continued killing handicapped patients through starvation, poisoning, or injections (Laska 154).

In 1933, Jehovah’s Witnesses in Germany were forbidden Corn attending their religious meetings. Many, however, continued to practice their beliefs. In 1934, they had congregations send letters to the German government explaining their political indifference and religious principles. Some of these principles included their refusal to salute flags, raise their arms to “heil Hitler” or serve in the army. In 193 5, Jehovah’s Witnesses were banned by law. Those who ignored the ban on their activities were arrested and sent to concentration camps. They were pinned with purple triangular badges and could only be freed if they signed a document abdicating their religion. Very few, however, would agree to sign the documents. Approximately 2,500 to 5,000 of the estimated 10,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses imprisoned were exterminated (Holocaust).

In 1933, a state policy of persecution of homosexuals was enacted in Germany. A special Gestapo division was set up in 1934. The criminal code on homosexuality was made harsher and in 1935, a new law legalized the “compulsory sterilization (often castration)of homosexuals.” In 1942, the death penalty was the consequence for homosexuality in the army and the SS. During the twelve year Nazi rule, almost 50,000 were found guilty of homosexuality. Most were sent to concentration camps and the majority of them were murdered. Even in the cam.. s, they were tortured by other inmates. Homosexuals were forced to wear pink triangles. They were given the hardest jobs in the camps and used as living targets at the firing range. Towards the end of the war, the homosexuals in Auschwitz were told that they would be set free if they let themselves be
castrated. The ones who agreed were sent to Dirlwanger penal division of the Russian front (Holocaust).

During the early years of the Nazi reign political prisoners made up a large portion of the inmates in the concentration-camps. Dachau was the main camp for political prisoners. Hitler also ordered the imprisonment of the dissenting clergy of the Confessional Church. This action was the result of the church writing a memorandum to Hitler criticizing the government’s anti-Christian campaign. The Nazis also victimized vagrants, prostitutes, alcoholics, and others who were considered asocials (Laska 205).

Through Hitler’s beliefs and propaganda almost twelve million innocent people were massacred. Hitler believed diversity in a nation only caused severe problems and wanted a folkish state with a “supreme race” of people. He wanted to rid Germany of people he felt were asocial and inferior to the Germans. Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Slavs, the handicapped, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, political prisoners, and various others all fell victim to Hitler’s destruction. The quantity of diverse people the Nazis murdered can never be replaced; only remembered and infinitely honored as a mosaic of innocent victims.

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Adolf as the symbol of the Nazi party.

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Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in the small town of Branau, Austria. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his fathers third wife Klara. As a boy, Adolf attended church regularly. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a good student. He received good marks in most of his classes. However in his last year of school he failed German and Mathematics, and only succeeded in Gym and Drawing. He dropped out of school at the age of 16, spending a total of 10 years in school. From childhood, it was his dream to become an artist or architect. He was not a bad artist. To fulfill his dream, he moved to Vienna, the capital of Austria where the Academy of the Arts was located. He failed the first time he tried to get admission and in the next year, 1907, he tried again and was very sure of success. To his surprise, he failed again. In fact the Dean of the Academy was not very impressed with his performance, and gave him a hard time and said to him, “You will never be painter.” The rejection made him reach a dead end. He could not apply to the school of architecture, as he had no high-school diploma. While living in Vienna, Hitler made his living by drawing small pictures of famous landmarks, which he sold as post cards. However, he was always poor. He was also a regular reader of a small newspaper that suggested that the Arian race was the superior race. The paper blamed Communists and Jews for all their economic problems and Hitler agreed with those views. He continued to live a poor life in Vienna and in 1913 decided to move to Munich. Being Austrian by birth, Hitler showed more loyalty to the Germany. His life in Munich was not better then before and he continued to be poor. Then in 1914, World War I broke out and Hitler saw this as a great opportunity to show his loyalty to the “fatherland” by volunteering for the German Imperial army. He did not want to fight in the Austrian Army. In 1918, Germany surrendered and Hitler was very upset about the loss. He believed that it was the Jews and the Communists who lost the war for Germany. This was when he started his intense disliking of Jews. With no real Government to control the country, many groups tried to take control. Since he could not get a job, Hitler stayed in the army. Hitler was assigned the job of going to various meetings of groups and to report on them. On September 12, 1919, Hitler was sent to investigate a small group that called itself the, “German Workers Party.” He thought it would not even be worth it to go. At the group they mainly talked about the countries problems and how the Jews, Communists and others where threatening the master race and offered their own solutions. He later joined the German Workers Party and was in charge of propaganda. The party was small at first but Hitler’s great skill with speeches attracted more and more listeners. It soon became a major party. He became the groups leader. Then the German government threw Hitler in jail for trying to overthrow the government.While spending time in prison, he wrote his famous book, “Mein Kampf,” in which he states that the Jews and Communists were responsible for economic and social problems. Of course, people did not start to support him right away after he wrote the book. He was now the leader of the party which was no longer the Gemans workers Party. It was the Nazis.After he came into power, the Nazi party took control over every aspect of everyday life. Hitler ordered the creation of a special police force to make sure that all opponents would be eliminated, the Gestapo. They used propaganda against the Jews and other minority groups, which were enemies. Teachers had to belong to the Nazi party. Children were taught that Jews were the source of all their problems. Since the country was in economic chaos after the war because Germany was forced to pay billions in damages. The Germans saw hope in Hitler. In the late 1920s, the depression hit which made the situation even worse. Hitler in his speeches blamed the Jews and Communists for their misfortunes and many listened. Unemployment was very high at that time, standing at about 25%. Hitler also spoke out against the unfairness of the Versailles Treaty. Germany lost a lot of its territory. He believed the pure Arian race was destined to rule the world. He preached that all Germans must unite in order for this goal to succeed.Hitler publicly stated his views on the Jews, the Jews of Germany did not see Hitler as a great threat at first. However, when Hitler became chancellor and eventually took over totally they changed their mind. The first thing he did was to take the Jews their right to vote. Soon they were not allowed to hold positions such as teachers, doctors or lawyers. How did Hitler get the Germans to like him? Many looked for answers and hope. Hitler was an answer to them. He promised to rebuild the Glorious Germany of the past. First, he started to build up the Wehrmacht. Germany was not allowed to have more than 100,000 men in its army, but Hitler broke the treaty and gave orders to increase that number. Factories started putting out weapons and people now had jobs. To the Germans this was a very good sign. Little did they know that they would be at war soon.At first, the Allies did nothing about the fact that Hitler broke the Treaty. He gave speeches in which he indicated that the German people needed living space. He marched into the Reihnland, an area Germany lost in WWI. Next, he moved into Austria, his home country and gained power without a shot being fired. Following Austria, he wanted control of the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia, which was mainly German speaking. The allies did not want another war so they let Hitler do what he wanted to, but when he attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 the allies no longer stood by and watched. Britain and France declared war on Germany a few days after later, World War II began.After Germanys army conquered and occupied a territory. the Gestapo quickly followed. They would round up Jews, Communists, Gypsies, Homosexuals and other enemies of the German people. They would then be put on trains. They were sent to concentration camps. Camps such as Auschwitz, Treblinka, Bergen Belsen were all equipped with gas chambers to make the killing process quick. In those camps 6 million Jews and many others were killed by the Nazis. Hitler’s army seemed unstoppable but in the end, the allies managed to win many decisive battles. Eventually on, April 30th, 1945 Hitler committed suicide in his bunker by shooting himself in the mouth, with his new wife Eva Braun. Their bodies were burned, but no one knows what happened to the “Fuhrer’s” and his wife of one day’s ashes. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered unconditionally. Hitler was one of the most, if not the most cruel man to ever walk the face of the earth. His belief of the “Arian” race being the superior race made him hate all others. He thought of blacks as being “Sub-human.” Most of all he hated the Jews. So much that in early 1945, when equipment and manpower was badly needed on the front Hitler insisted on man and equipment staying and continuing to transport Jews to the camps. In his testament (will), he left his money to his family. He also left a message to the Germany people, “Above all I charge the leaders of the nation and those under them to scrupulous observance of the laws of race and to merciless opposition to the universal prisoner of all peoples, international Jewry.” The only people which would be spared where the Scandinavians to the north, since they were closely related to the German race. With Hitler’s death, the Nazi party quickly fell. However, there is still a lot of tension in todays Germany.

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