Hello, US684. My group topic is artificial intelligence.The
Hello, my name is Esteban Toledo, candidate number 3019, from Jupiter High School Center US684. My group topic is artificial intelligence.The question I am asking is will artificial intelligence lead to a lazier society? I will discuss how the use of artificial intelligence may create a less productive human life and what can be done to identify and solve these issues that cause a lazy society.Before I start the the discussion of the effects of artificial intelligence, I need to establish what exactly artificial intelligence is and the problems it is causing to human productivity and the expansion of laziness. According to the U.S National Institute of Standards and Technology, artificial intelligence refers to computer systems that think and act like humans, and think and act rationally. Artificial intelligence is threatening many jobs around the world, leaving many people unemployed in different sectors of work. It is also leading to a society reliant on artificial intelligence to solve their problems and doing many simple tasks for them, which is one of the underlying causes of a poor mental health. I will be discussing the different ways artificial intelligence is creating a lazy society, and what can be done to solve these issues caused by artificial intelligence.I will first talk about the effects artificial intelligence is having on productivity of people in society in terms of jobs. In Europe, artificial intelligence is beginning to crawl into job markets and beginning to get attention by companies. The United Kingdom is the second largest economy in Europe, and the introduction of artificial intelligence will lead to many human jobs being replaced by smart machines powered by artificial intelligence. A poll done by the Guardian shows that 13% of U.K employers think more than 30% of jobs will become automated in the next 10 years. Another study by Oxford University concluded that the jobs being hit the hardest by artificial intelligence automation would be low-skill, low-wage occupations. These low skilled jobs make up more than 20% of jobs in the U.K. . Artificial intelligence is expected to create some jobs as well, such as programmers, people to create new software, and other jobs like these, but these careers requires a college degree to be successful in these fields, as well as the amount of jobs being made doesn’t make up for the jobs being replaced. This huge amount of the country’s population being unemployed leads to an unproductive, lazy society.Here in the United States, the same problems of artificial intelligence in terms of jobs and productivity of people continues. A new report done by the PwC company shows confidence in the likelihood of artificial intelligence replacing a huge amount of jobs in the United States. The research shows that 38% of jobs are at risk of being replaced by artificial intelligence and robots. The jobs most likely being replaced are low skilled jobs, which is a majority of jobs in the U.S. This is also a majority of the US population’s jobs that are being threatened by artificial intelligence.In Asia, artificial intelligences automation of jobs is a concern of strong economies in the region. With the 3rd largest economy, Japan has a plethora of white collar and blue collar jobs that make up their job market. Unlike the U.S and the U.K, the jobs most at risk to artificial intelligence are white collar, college educated jobs. Companies in Japan are installing artificial intelligence systems to replace human workers in fields,such as insurance claim workers and other knowledge based careers. These people being replaced by artificial intelligence have gone through higher education to become specialized in a certain careers. When they get replaced by artificial intelligence, their skills will no longer be useful, making them unproductive, and leading to lazinessUnemployment isn’t just one problem of not having a job. Unemployment comes with many other effects that harm individuals and make them unproductive and lazy. According to The Society for the Psychological study of Social Issues, unemployment comes with destructive side effects that harm both an individual and the people around them. Unemployment comes with elevated rates of mental and physical health problems, and an increased mortality rate. When comparing the employed to the unemployed, the unemployed are littered by decreased self esteem, increased alcohol use, and elevated rates of depression. Unemployment goes hand in hand with poverty, which creates neighborhoods and communities that elevate the impacts of unemployment. Political effects are also created out of this, effects such as a lost of trust in government and administration. Schools can be affected by the unemployment caused by artificial intelligence as well. Psychology Today writes that public schools that rely on charitable contributions from parents for enrichment activities, aides, and additional study materials may be forced to offer less well rounded educational programs and special needs programs when parents can no longer afford these contributions. These individual and communal problems have existed before the advent of A.I., but they will grow larger and become more frequent as employers start to ditch the human worker for smart machines powered by artificial intelligence. These schools affected by the decrease of money coming in lead to a below par education that might contribute to students having lower intellectual levels than their counterparts in richer schools that don’t rely on donations for income. These issues have occurred before the advent of artificial intelligence, but they will grow exponentially if jobs begin to get replaced by artificial intelligence. One of the greatest effect of unemployment is the loss of skills in the unemployed. These loss of skills lead to people having a harder time finding a job in the scarce market controlled by artificial intelligence. These harmful effects of unproductivity and laziness all stem from artificial intelligence.Increasing use of artificial intelligence in smart assistants and even the use of autopilot in vehicles is causing individual people to become lazier. Many vehicles are starting to adopt a form of autopilot that takes the driver out of the control, using artificial intelligence in conjunction with cameras and radars to drive the vehicle without human assistance. These new autopilots cause drivers to become lazy in driving, which is dangerous when manual control is needed. The major problem that occurs with the use of autopilot in vehicles is the lack of awareness from the so called drivers. “The Dangers of Going on Autopilot” by Psychology Today details the hazards that artificial intelligence does to a person who utilizes this autopilot. They explain that the action of driving leads drivers to do other tasks that take their focus off the vehicle and the road ahead of them. The most common task that a person would do is use their cell phone, which is already common in non self driving cars. Cell phone use in automated vehicles takes the conscious awareness of of the driver. This autopilot makes people unaware and dulls their senses, creating a less productive person in the real world. It is predicted by Forbes that their will be 10 million self driving automobiles on the road by 2020. This is 10 million individuals that are prone to crashes due to laziness. Artificial intelligence in smart assistants, such as Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa allow us to complete simple things such as setting alarms or doing some math. Nigel Barber Ph.D. writes in Psychology Today that these things might be convenient, but they take away our mental effort, and just continue to promote laziness on an individual level. Individual laziness and unproductivity is the prime negative artificial intelligence is having on the productivity of a society. Now that the problems have been explained, we can move on to the solutions. Local and global solutions to these problems come from laws, societal changes, and new restrictions on what artificial intelligence is allowed to do and how to keep society productive. These solutions will allow for artificial intelligence to exist, but also to keep human productivity high. Artificial intelligence replacing jobs can be limited with laws and new regulations. In the United States, the government has already created reports on preparing for artificial intelligence and is researching the matter. The White House has also hosted workshops on artificial intelligence policy. In Asia, the governments of Japan and South Korea have already began doing work to regulate artificial intelligence. At the G7 meeting, Japan laid down an international set of basic rules for developing artificial intelligence. South Korea set up ethical codes for artificial intelligence that protected humans and artificial intelligence itself. To solve individual laziness caused by smart assistants and autopilots, regulation and individual willpower is necessary. Government regulation on who should be allowed to use smart assistants and what they can do may be required. It is also up to the individual to stop relying on the use of smart assistants on smartphones. It is necessary for society to see the risks of relying on a type of autopilot for transportation.In conclusion, the new emerging markets and existing uses of artificial intelligence are leading society to advance and regress. Jobs getting replaced by artificial intelligence are leaving people unproductive, as well as limiting their own mental power to be productive, causing laziness. Many harmful effects are a result of the unemployment caused by unproductivity and being unemployed due to artificial intelligence. It may seem like a blessing for artificial intelligence to be able to do everything for an individual, but it comes with great negatives to human productivity and the amount of laziness in society. I don’t think that artificial intelligence will lead to absolute human dullness and laziness, but it is a possibility in the future that a scenario like this might occur. A list of sources will follow this slide.