Fencing wore conductive jackets, masks and cuffs to

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Fencing dates
back thousands of years to 1200 BCE where swordsmanship was performed as a form
of military training for war, combats between two people and pastime by the Romans,
Persians, Greeks, and Germanic tribes (Evangelista, 2017). Throughout the
Middle Ages, sword combat became a mastery of skill. As the popularity of sword
fighting increased, sword training schools with fencing masters also developed.
Changes to the sword was also made for easier handling and protection of the
human body so they were no longer used as weapons. The Italians and French
altered the cross-bar of the sword so the bar would not pierce through the protection
layer worn by the fighter, this added to the ease of handling but lost some of
the strength of the sword (Castello, 1933). By the end of the 16th
century, the sword had changed to become lighter and simpler to enhance control
and speed.

This fencing
style was spread and developed across Europe and soon fencing became recognised
as a form of art. Schools continued to teach fencing, emphasising strategy and
form in safe training environments. A mask was also later developed to provide
protection. It was only in the late 19th century that fencing became
an organised sport, using a light sabre in a duel (Evangelista, 2017).

Technology
impacted the scoring system of fencing majorly as traditional scoring was done
by five individuals giving votes, which led to issues such as cheating. This
was when an electronic scoring system was introduced in the late 1800s. A
buzzer was attached to the wall, with a wire wrapped around each fighter’s neck
to the handle of their sword. When a hit was made, the blade of the sword would
be pressed back into the handle, completing a circuit and activating the
buzzer. As technology advanced, wireless systems were developed and fighters
wore conductive jackets, masks and cuffs to improve the signal. Lights now
appear on the fighter’s mask to signal whether a hit has been successful. 

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