, for Adolf Hitler’s safety during the march

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, Wurttemberg, onNovember 15, 1891 and died in 1944. Rommel joined the 124th Infantry
Regiment as an officer cadet in 1910, and two years later was
commissioned a second lieutenant. During World War I he served in
France and on the Romanian and Italian fronts. After the war he held
regimental commands and was instructor at the Dresden Infantry School
from 1929 to 1933, and the Potsdam War Academy from
1935-1938.Rommel had a textbook on tactics which was published in
1937. The name of the textbook was Infanterie greift an.
Colonel Rommel was appointed commandant of the War Academy
at Wiener Neustadt in 1938. Shortly after he was placed in command of
the battalion responsible for Adolf Hitler’s safety during the march into
the Sudetenland and the entry into Prague. Promoted major general on
the eve of World War II, he was again responsible for Hitler’s safety
during the invasion of Poland.

In 1940 Rommel commanded the 7th Panzer Division in the
advance into France in result of forging links with the Nazi party. In 1941,
with the rank of lieutenant general, he was given command of the German
troops in Libya. On June 21, 1942, he was made a field marshal, the
youngest in the German Army, in recognition of his success in forcing the
British back from Cyrenaica into Egypt as far as El Alamein. He was unable
to advance to capture Alexandria. In the months that followed, during
which he commanded all Italo-German troops in North Africa, he was
driven back into Cyrenaica and across Tripolitania into Tunisia, where he
encountered fresh Allied forces. After the battle at Medenine on March 5,
1943, he returned to Germany because of ill health.

In July Rommel was given command of Army Group B in northern
Italy, and in November he was ordered to report on the coastal defense in
the west, from the Skagerrak to the Spanish frontier. He was made
commander in chief of all German armies from the Netherlands to the
Loire River in January 1944. Despite his great efforts, the Germans were
unable to prevent the Allies from landing in Normandy in the following
June. On July 17, while Rommel was motoring near Livarot, he was
severely wounded by fire from Allied aircraft, and he returned to his home
in Germany to convalesce.

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Rommel had never been an member of the Nazi party but , he had
become increasingly outspoken in his criticism of Hitler’s leadership. On
Oct. 14, 1944, he was suspected of taking part and being involved in
complicity in the July 20 plot against Hitler’s life. He was given, on orders
from Hitler, the choice between taking poison and having his death
reported as resulting from his wounds, or facing trial by the People’s
Court. He elected the former course, ending his life in the generals’
automobile near Ulm, Germany, on Oct. 14, 1944.

Hitler ordered national mourning, and Rommel was buried with full
military honors. A man of the greatest personal bravery, he earned the
deep respect of his adversaries for his brilliant achievements. Rommel
was remembered as Desert Fox.


Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel was born in Heidenheim, Wurttemberg, on
November 15, 1891 and died in 1944. Rommel joined the 124th Infantry
Regiment as an officer cadet in 1910, and two years later was
commissioned a second lieutenant. During World War I he served in
France and on the Romanian and Italian fronts. After the war he held
regimental commands and was instructor at the Dresden Infantry School
from 1929 to 1933, and the Potsdam War Academy from
1935-1938.Rommel had a textbook on tactics which was published in
1937. The name of the textbook was Infanterie greift an.
Colonel Rommel was appointed commandant of the War Academy
at Wiener Neustadt in 1938. Shortly after he was placed in command of
the battalion responsible for Adolf Hitler’s safety during the march into
the Sudetenland and the entry into Prague. Promoted major general on
the eve of World War II, he was again responsible for Hitler’s safety
during the invasion of Poland.

In 1940 Rommel commanded the 7th Panzer Division in the
advance into France in result of forging links with the Nazi party. In 1941,
with the rank of lieutenant general, he was given command of the German
troops in Libya. On June 21, 1942, he was made a field marshal, the
youngest in the German Army, in recognition of his success in forcing the
British back from Cyrenaica into Egypt as far as El Alamein. He was unable
to advance to capture Alexandria. In the months that followed, during
which he commanded all Italo-German troops in North Africa, he was
driven back into Cyrenaica and across Tripolitania into Tunisia, where he
encountered fresh Allied forces. After the battle at Medenine on March 5,
1943, he returned to Germany because of ill health.

In July Rommel was given command of Army Group B in northern
Italy, and in November he was ordered to report on the coastal defense in
the west, from the Skagerrak to the Spanish frontier. He was made
commander in chief of all German armies from the Netherlands to the
Loire River in January 1944. Despite his great efforts, the Germans were
unable to prevent the Allies from landing in Normandy in the following
June. On July 17, while Rommel was motoring near Livarot, he was
severely wounded by fire from Allied aircraft, and he returned to his home
in Germany to convalesce.

Rommel had never been an member of the Nazi party but , he had
become increasingly outspoken in his criticism of Hitler’s leadership. On
Oct. 14, 1944, he was suspected of taking part and being involved in
complicity in the July 20 plot against Hitler’s life. He was given, on orders
from Hitler, the choice between taking poison and having his death
reported as resulting from his wounds, or facing trial by the People’s
Court. He elected the former course, ending his life in the generals’
automobile near Ulm, Germany, on Oct. 14, 1944.

Hitler ordered national mourning, and Rommel was buried with full
military honors. A man of the greatest personal bravery, he earned the
deep respect of his adversaries for his brilliant achievements. Rommel
was remembered as Desert Fox.

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