Disruption to be develop. Psychological effect will

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Disruption results
in more severe exploitation which includes long duration, forced perception
fear of injury or death and helplessness. Viewing physical abuse can be
stressful and as much the victim is attached the stress will be. Particularly, watching
violence directed towards a close relative or friend is sadistic. Interpersonal
violence is considered as a passionate eruption, whereas, the most horrible
form of it is consciously inflicted.  In
settings such as prostitution, pornography rings, concentration camps, and in
some families powerful control is used.

In the field of
trauma the greatest predictable research findings are dose response, it depends
on dose, the more the dose trauma it will produce more damaging effects. Also
it is noticed that in greater stress, PTSD is more likely to be develop.  Psychological effect will understated greatly
if trauma is prompted, unpredictable, sadistic, repeated and complex by human
or is bad childhood experience given by any human.

2.4       Terrorism and Trauma

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There is harsh
change in the world since September 11, 2001. First incident occur in 1993
which was bombardment over world trade center which was almost a wakeup call
but only few people took that seriously alarming situation related to peace in
world. The impending attack focused against the innocent children and common
people of society just to create the element of fear in a society. Impact of
terrorism on children and communities dispirit, terrify and traumatize the public
(Vasquez et al. (2008). These horrifying terroristic attacks incidents have
become common and are increasing day by day. The terrorists started to provoke
war state by targeting the school children, such as the incident in 2006 in
Afghanistan, another group of 20 children were attacked while playing soccer
and a suicidal attack Baghdad college; both incidences took place in February
2007. In March 2007 32 children and teachers were taken as prisoner in Manila forced
at gun point. Terroristic bombardment attacks also took place on 7th
of July, 2005 in London subway, another attack on Paris on 13th of
November 2015. Pakistan is amongst the sufferers of being a target of terrorist
activities. Within six days just after Malala Yousafzai was honored the Nobel
peace prize the terrorist attack was faced on 16th December 2014 in Peshawar targeting
school children. An estimated 145 innocent lives along with teachers was
killed; however, the exact numbers of lives lost are still unknown. Children
were shooting in their classrooms. The so called Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan
(TTP) took the responsibility of this attack and claimed it to be a revenge
from Pakistan Army for attacking the North Waziristan tribal areas in June
2014. It was deadly attacks ever on a school in any country. However, according
to GCPEA report Colombia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria, Sudan and Somalia were
worst affected. These places had experienced more than a 1,000 attacks on
universities, schools, staff and students. The emphasis is to discuss impacts
of terrorism on Pakistani youth amongst the countries affected by complicated
terrorism. The reason behind terroristic attacks on educational institutions is
difficult to understand because there are varying reasons. Violence produces
long-term effects than any natural disaster or accidents (Schenlger et al.,
2002). Maximum experience of the traumatic incident and threat to life or any
constant violence causes damaging effect to the psychological health of
individual and mostly in Pakistani society (Khalily et al., 2010; Galea et al.,
2003). In Pakistani society psychological trauma is on the rise and is
prevailing in whole country (Medicines Sans Frontiers, 2008), due to which
people are effected badly and they are helpless, powerless and paralyzed (Herman,
1992; Abdel-hamid et al., 2004). It is documented that severe exposure to
psychological traumas outcome in physical health problems and psychological
problems (Boscarino, 1997). According to Alexander and Klein (2005) the purpose
behind terrorist activities is to build anxiety, fear and panic and developing
a sense of helplessness and hopelessness to destroy the sense of security and
safety and representing the ineffectiveness of the authorities.

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