Clients so professionals could make money. A

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Clients with physical and mental health problems are at risk
as physical problem can confuse evaluations and behaviors by disguising its



There are many reasons why
diagnosis is sometimes perceived as a double-edged sword. The biggest one being
the stigma on mental health related issues. If an individual fails to follow
expected norms, he or she might be perceived as “insane,” which might result in
judgment from others. This may not want an individual to seek treatment when
needed. Another reason for an individual could be his or her denial of mental
health, believing what they feel is normal. If he or she starts taking
medications and feels different than how they would normally feel, this could
cause him or her to act out and/or stop taking the medication as well as not
going to his or her therapy because he or she has quit.

Another reason why diagnosis is
sometimes perceived as a double-edged sword is because the idea of therapy and
medication could make an individual anxious, which could prevent them from
reaching out. This could be the reason of being diagnosed incorrectly due to
overlapping of symptoms into several disorders or the belief that medical
professionals will prescribe an individual medication they might not need to
take just so professionals could make money.

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A medical professional has three
approaches in order to create a diagnostic scheme: categorical, dimensional,
and prototypical. The first approach is categorical approach. This is when
future clients will have one set of causative factors that do not overlap with
other disorders. In short, he or she will have one defining category (Barlow,
Watson, and Kruger, 2005). This is advantageous because it helps communication
between the client and medical professional, allowing simple diagnosis. But
that is not very good as there are interrelating symptoms, making diagnosis
challenging. Another big disadvantage that has always been there is the stigma
and labeling once they have been given a diagnosis. Categorical approach will
not necessarily increase or decrease the stigma of mental illness because a
medical professional gives a client one major category. This will always
continue as a stigma.

The second approach is dimensional
approach, which is when a professional will note the assortment of “thought,
affect, and behavior” based on a scale (Barlow, Watson, and Krueger, 2005, pg.
2). This approach has clear advantages such as being able to give detailed
information on each symptom. Dimensional approach takes into account a wider
range of aspects, creating a profile of a client rather than a label. Even
though this approach has advantages, it is complex and lacks consistency in the
mental health profession. There are high chances of being misdiagnosed. Dimensional
approach may increase stigma as a medical professional is examining the
client’s behavior. This can leave room for judgment.

The last approach is prototypical
approach, which is organizing and categorizing behavioral disorders. This is a
combination of both the categorical and dimensional approach. An advantage of
this approach is that it is easier to determine accurate classification. Instead
of working against, we are working with the cognitive processes. Like
categorical and dimensional approach, prototypical approach does have
disadvantages as well. One of them being that medical professionals are
influenced by their own biases due to factors such as social and cultural
background. Medical professionals are humans and they will see based on what
they listen and see, causing them to believe an assumption about a client
despite not being true. This being said, prototypical approach may also
increase stigma as this could lead a medical professional to error. 

Categories: Behavior


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