Child and in war · To self-expression ·

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Child Rights

In 2015, an Act known as National
Children’s Month or the Republic Act of 10661 was declared to be celebrated on
the month of November of every year. This celebration honors the adoption of
the Convention of the Rights by the United Nations Assembly on November 20,
1989.

Last November of 2017, a
two-day Summit was held in Manila for Child Online Protection Campaign. One of
the attendee is DSWD officer-in-charge Emmanuel A. Leyco who stated on his speech
that, “Children are the hope of the future and among society’s most vulnerable
members. The government and child
protection advocates must ensure that their safety and well-being are prioritized.”

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Among all the government agencies to non-government organizations,
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Philippines
is one of the first office established in Asia by the United Nations. UNICEF
works with over 190 countries, working with the government devoted to serve the
children of the world, by assisting in promoting the rights of children and to
protecting them. Furthermore, the following are few among all the rights of all
children:

·      
Basic
needs (food, clothing, shelter)

·      
To
Education

·      
To
Nutrition and Health

·      
To
a family and an adequate standard living

·      
Right
to protection from any kind of abuse and in war

·      
To
self-expression

·      
Freedom
from discrimination

Abandoned and Neglected Children

          As stated in the law of the Philippines, a child is considered
abandoned when left by parents for 3 whole months and continuous without proper
parental care. On the other hand, children are considered neglected if: (a)
their basic needs are not provided constantly for 3 months. (b) a child is
poorly dressed, no proper shelter, and malnourish. (c) children are emotionally
maltreated, abused, forced to labor, and exposed to gambling or any illegal
activities.

          According
to Senefeld (2017), majority of children in orphanages around the world is
between 80%-90% have at least one living parent or other family member. Based
on the report revealed by the organization of SOS Children’s Village,
Philippines alone had about 3.4 million children involve in trafficking, sale
and even production of drugs. Some children were victims of natural disaster,
such as typhoons, earthquakes, and fire.

As stated by Bienvenido Delgado the SOS Children’s Villages Philippines
National Director, around 20%-30% approximately
5.1 million unregistered children, came from Indigenous People (IP) who were continuously
suffered from abuse, neglection, and discrimination as of 2013. Hence, these families
have limited access to the basic needs and services, thus, the children’s needs
and rights are also unattended because the IP’s live in isolated barangays and hardly
to reach by the government to provide services. 

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