Authentication if the message is intercepted by

Authentication refers to the task of verifying the identity of aperson/software connecting to an application. The simplest form ofauthentication consists of a secret password that must be presented when a userconnects to the application. Unfortunately, passwords are easily compromised,for example, by guessing, or by sniffing of packets on the network Read more…

The to defraud is something different than

The definition of forgery in Section 463 is itself subject to the definition of “making a false document” in Section 464 in which the two essential elements are that the act should be done “dishonestly or fraudulently”. Section 463 specifies several alternative intents whichever of these alternative intents may be Read more…


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