Category Archive : Articles

In every people’s life, passion is the most powerful force that drags us to make the impossible things as well as to hold on to some things which we should have let go. In the poem written by William Wordsworth, he showed his emotional passion towards someone he really loved and/or admired which depicted a reflection of all his experiences that built such passion inside of him. William’s genius mind caused him to compose such simplistic but striking poems which no one of these times could ever think of and thus an example of his work which exposed his passion is his poem entitled Lucy, Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known.

Thesis William’s poem is a kind of simple and rhetorical poem which tends to narrate his past experience of his passion for the woman he loved. His statement about the strange “fits of passion” in which he said he dared not to tell it to anybody else but lovers meant that the only person who is allowed to explore his emotional passion and in whom he is sure that what he expresses will be understood is a certain person who felt love the way he did. Analysis Lucy, Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known basically narrates a story of a past experience on passion and love for a certain woman.

In the first stanza of the poem, the author who is said to be the narrator begins reminiscing his past and that he is willing to narrate his past experience to those who can hear on a lover’s ears which means that the only people who could really understand what his heart meant by his word on the poem are those who already felt passion of love or those who already experienced such passion for a certain person (Wordsworth). Through and through as the narrator goes continuing his story, he remembered how the woman he loved looked like for him.

He defined his love one as a fresh rose which showed how strong or intent his passion was for the woman he loved. The narrator also considered Lucy as a creation which can be compared to the evening moon. He compared Lucy to the evening moon because he feels like Lucy is the one that brighten up his world whenever the evening comes and start to cover the sky with darkness and thus that Lucy is like a moon which he loves to stare at. This poem is written in the year 1790s when Wordsworth started to write for the edition of his book which is the Lyrical Ballads.

This poem simply concerns about the death of the narrator’s love Lucy (Wordsworth). Structures of the Poem Rhetoric There are lots of rhetorical parts in Wordsworth’s poem such as the connection between the narrator’s love who is Lucy, the cottage where Lucy lives, and the moon. A certain reader would analyze the meaning of the three premise’s connection such as what does the connection between the disappearances of the moon to Lucy’s death mean (Wordsworth).

The rhetorical explanation of the moon would be that the moon depicts the Narrator’s love one, Lucy, and thus Lucy’s death depicts the lost of the narrator’s sight of the moon. In simple words, when Lucy died, it seems like the narrator’s moon was lost too because Lucy was the narrator’s moon. This rhetorical structure basically used the moon as a symbol object wherein the moon’s characteristics are just like Lucy’s characteristics and that the moon’s worth to the narrator is as much as Lucy’s worth (Wordsworth).

Another rhetorical part is the connection of the narrator’s eye which is said to be fixed at the moon’s sight. This rhetorical part shows or depicts the connection of the narrator’s eye when it was fixedly staring at his love Lucy wherein the moon is considered as a symbol of Lucy whom the narrator loves to stare at. Lastly is when the author said that he could tell the story only to a lover’s ears which means that the narrator addresses the story of his past to those who already felt love or to those who currently feel in loved (Wordsworth).

Martin Luther lived from 1483-1546. Luther was born on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben in the province of Saxony. His protestant view of Christianity started what was called the Protestant Reformation in Germany. Luther’s intentions were to reform the medieval Roman Catholic Church. But firm resistance from the church towards Luther’s challenge made way to a permanent division in the structure of Western Christianity.
Luther lived in Mansfield and was the son of a miner. He later went on to study at Eisenbach and Magdeburg. After studying at these institutions he moved on to study at the University of Erfurt. Luther started out studying law, but then went on to enter the religious life. He went into the religious life due to the fact that he felt that he would never earn his eternal salvation. He didn’t feel that all of the prayer, studying and sacraments were enough. Therefore, Luther felt that he would never be able to satisfy such a judging God. Not being able to satisfy this God meant eternal damnation. After entering the religious life he later became an Augustinian monk and entered the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt in July of 1505. While in this monastery Luther became a well known theologian and Biblical scholar. In 1512 Luther earned his doctorate in theology and became a professor of Biblical literature at Wittenberg University.
Luther took his religious vocation very serious. This led him into a severe crisis in dealing with his religion. He wondered, “is it possible to reconcile the demands of God’s law with human inability to live up to the law.” Luther then turned to the New Testament book of Romans for answers. He had found, “God had, in the obedience of Jesus Christ, reconciled humanity to himself.” “What was required of mankind, therefore, was not strict adherence to law or the fulfillment of religious obligations, but a response of faith that accepted what God had done.” In other words he realized that religion is …

Zora Neale Hurston: The Innovative Woman
Is Zora Neale Hurston the greatest writers/ anthropologists in the twentieth century? Will Hurston's contributions to the Harlem Renaissance be remembered forever? Many statistics show that Hurston's innovative mind helped her attain these standards, setting her apart from all the other writers. Hurston achieved her goals by writing about the most ordinary things and making them infinitely gorgeous. With the completion of these goals Hurston became thefirst black American to have collected and published Afro-American folklore. Zora Neale Hurston, was a successful writer whose major notoriety lay in her effects on writing, influence on literature, writers, readers and contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
Because of Hurston's great effects on writing, she became one of the most influential writes of during the Harlem Renaissance. In 1925, she started her writing career in New York City, during the Harlem Renaissance, with only one dollar and fifty cents. Hurston hit her stride in the mid-1930's producing five books, drama, stories, and essays. Her acknowledge masterpiece Their Eyes were Watching God in 1937. The novel revealed its roots in the black folk of Eatonville, but her writings grew increasingly personal, and she based the main characters on her parents. She wrote about a Southern black woman's search, over 25 years and 3 marriages, for her true identity and a community in which she can develop that identity. Hurston's work was not political, but her characters' use of dialect, her manner of portraying black culture, and her conservatism created controversy within the black community. Throughout her career she addressed issues of race and gender, often relating them to the search for freedom. With the help of her writings, their effects on the world Hurston became a unique artist and scientist. Hurston became perhaps the most prolific and well-k…

In her 1928 essay, "How It Feels to be Colored Me," Zora Neale Hurston meticulously understates the hardships of being black.Among many occupations held by Hurston, she was that of an anthropologist who studied the origin, behavior, social, and cultural development of humans.Hurston was not justifying the stereotypes of being Colored.Throughout "How It Feels to be Colored Me" she provides opportunities to use being Black as a method of empowerment as opposed to an aspect of tragedy.Hurston illustrates how she used whites for entertainment just as they did her; she points out the power and beauty of womanhood outside of race, and later states the controversial theory that slavery was the price paid for civilization.
During a time when Blacks would hardly approach white people, Hurston found it most amusing to not only entertain them but to be a recipient as well.Hurston was immerged in a Negro community so white tourists were quickly noticed when traveling.Rather than cautiously watching them from a distance, as the majority did, Hurston delighted herself in being the head of the welcoming committee.She would wave, salute, sing and dance around on her front porch, which she refers to as her "gallery seat," until she engaged the tourist in play.She found them intriguing, and her performances intrigued them.They were intrigued in several ways to the less than thirteen year old.These white tourists enjoyed, even rewarded Hurston for her "joyful tendencies."While the Negro community condemned her for her outgoing antics, white tourists would give her silver for her performance.The white tourists may have used Hurston for their entertainment.To watch a young, vibrant, outgoing Black child prance around, singing, dancing, and surveying them could tend to be amusing.In retrospect, Hurston must have felt quite excited holding "the center of the national stage, with s…

During the time of western development in the 19th century of American
history, the Sioux Nation was at the forefront of political aggression.
Already forcing the Native American people onto cramped lands, the dominant
white man began to turn to new solutions in order to kill the salvage and
westernize the Indians.While it was obvious for the most part it is hard to
school an elder and force him/her to repent their ways, the best possible
solution was to disconnect the future generations from their heritage and
exploit their innocence and purity.Methods such as cutting each natives
hair in order to separate them from their former people, banning the young
Indians from making snow angels which in turn reminded each who they really
are, installing proper eating habits and not tolerating any language except
English to be spoken by every native even if he/she did not know how.Call
these methods culture shock, trauma schooling or whatever you must they
slowly helped minimize the Native American culture.If it was not for those
wise enough to cherish their heritage, it is quite possible the culture would
have been lost for ever.Zitkala-Sa was one of those people.Capturing a
feeling of anger and distrust while preserving on paper the rebellions of her
youth that helped form her independence from society, she was able to find
her own place between her lost past and the world of the white man.The
cruel intent of the so called missionaries shaped Zitkala-Sa’s future into
what it has become.The education she received that was meant to erase her
reflection that she could so easily find in the “snow” was the greatest gift
she received.Instead of westernizing she used the white man’s words to tell
her tale of bead work, oral story telling, schooling and her lonesome world
If only her mother truly knew at the time of Zitkala-Sa’s youth of what
impact she …

For at least two thousand years Jews were dispersed all over the world. Some of them inevitably assimilated with other nations. Yet many kept their identity as a nation by staying loyal to their religious faith and by their desire to survive as one people preserving common racial features and cultural traditions. Some European anti-Jewish tendencies and the suspicious attitude to Jews in oriental cultures contributed to their solidarity.
For centuries Jews cherished the idea of returning to their native land. But it was only in the 19th century that the idea developed into a political movement called Zionism. Atfirst the movement was not very popular among Jews. There were supporters, but most rabbis considered the concept of restoring Israel possible only after the coming of the Messiah.
The movement started in Russia and spread to other countries. The idea was elaboratedfirst in the book by German socialist Hess who tried to prove that the Jews could create a socialistic state in Israel. Much more popular was another book by Z. Pinsker called “Auto-Emancipation” and published in 1882. The book revealed the fact that the lack of Jewish own state accounts for social and psychological discomfort experienced by them. Under the influence of this publication clubs and study groups appeared in Russia, Where Jews were mostly persecuted.
Russia was thefirst country from which Jews began to emigrate to Palestine for settling down. Despite the help from several powerful Jewish institutions in Europe, they faced many obstacles and hardships, in thefirst place because the country was ruled by the Turkish Government hostile to Russians. Enthusiasm of early Russian Zionists was mostly romantic and probably doomed to failure.
The basis for mature political Zionism was created by Herzl, who wrote the work “Jews’ state” in 1896. He was a recognized author who summarized and explained the ideas of early Zionists to thousands of …

Theodor Herzl was certainly not thefirst Jew to dream of Zion, but he nevertheless put the wheels in motion (Zionism 1). Zionism is the name given to the political and ideological creation of a Jewish national state. The rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th century culminated in the creation of this state in Palestine in 1948.
Herzl was born of well to do middle-class parents. Hefirst studied in a scientific secondary school, but to escape from its anti-Semitic atmosphere he transferred in 1875 to a school where most of the students were Jews. In 1878 the family moved from Budapest to Vienna, where he entered the University of Vienna to study law. He received his license to practice law in 1884 but chose to devote himself to literature. Remaining in Vienna, he became o correspondent for Neue Freie Presse (New Free Press), the liberal magazine of the bourgeoisie.
In 1889 he married Julie Naschauer, daughter of a wealthy Jewish businessman in Vienna. The marriage was unhappy, although three children were born to it. Herzl had a strong attachment to his mother, who was unable to get along with his wife. These difficulties were increased by the political activities of his later years, in which his wife took little interest.
These political activities culminated in 1896, when Herzl published Der Judenstaat, an informational pamphlet in which he proposed that the Jewish question was a political question to be settled by a world council of nations. Although the liberal magazine he worked for tried to prevent the publication of Der Judenstaat and never so much as mentioned it in it's columns, Herzl would not be deterred. He gathered a small coterie and set out to convene the First Zionist Congress that same year. Being thefirst political movement to unify the diverse proto-Zionists, five delegates among 200 men and perhaps as many as 10 women convened the First …

The significance of Columbus, to Zinn, would be the stand point of how his story of discovery has been told.The story of Columbus has been told and taught from the stance of Columbus and Spain.It has been used to describe how the America's were discovered and what a great accomplishment that was.Zinn, however, does not see the story of Columbus' discovery in that fashion.In fact, he does not see it that way at all.He signifies the story, as a majority of people know it, as just one of the many in our history that have been embellished and or told from the point of view of leaders, and all others who may get something more out of revealing information a certain way.
The traditional story of Columbus demonstrates what is wrong with the way history is usually written.It does this by using only certain facts and possibly naming only few of many people involved.Traditionally we learn history by reading what has been written and then passed down through many resources, which can be very one sided.
Zinn would most likely write these teachings differently by divulging more facts.This includes treacheries that were occurring at the same time that discoveries were being made.From reading what Zinn wrote about Columbus, I understand that he would tell the story of Columbus from the point of view of the Arawaks (the Indians).He would do this not only because it has not been the traditional way to tell this story, but to give a different outlook to what had actually happened.This would be a way of teaching people about how all involved have been effected by decisions and conquers that were made, specifically Columbus' discovery.Zinn prefers to tell of the cruelties of victims because he wants to reach out to people and let them make their own decisions about history and who was "right" or "wrong".He seems to want people to realize the whole picture of this story, all people involv…

Howard Zinn looks at not only the history of the conquerors, rulers, leaders; but also the history of the enslaved, the oppressed, and the led. Like any American history book covering the time period of 1942 until the early 1760's, what is said in thefirst chapter of A People's History tells the story of the "discovery" of America. However, Zinn stresses the roles of a number of groups and ideas most books neglect or skim over. It is refreshing to see a book that spends space based around people that lived this history.
Onfirst read, Zinn’s work sometimes seems mired in a simplistic dialectic between “victims and executioners.’ But it’s a soft dialectic; his moral outrage never comes unmoored from a sense of humanism and of the possibility of change. “The prisoners of the system will continue to rebel,’ he writes in A People’s History. But “the new fact of our era is the chance that they may be joined by the guards.
When Columbus arrived on the Island of Haiti, there were 39 men abroad his ships compared to the 250,000 Indians on Haiti. If the white race accounts for less than two hundredths of one percent of the island's population, it is only fair that the natives get more than the two or three sentences that they get in most history books. Zinn cites population figures,first person accounts, and his own interpretation of their effects to create an accurate and fair depiction.
The core part of any history book is obviously history. Zinn presents major historical facts of American history starting with Christopher Columbus's Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria landed in the Bahamas on October 12, 1942. It was there that Europeans and Native Americansfirst came into contact; Arawak natives came out to greet the whites, and the whites were only interested in finding the gold. From the Bahamas, Columbus sailed to Cuba and Hispaniola, the present-day home of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. One hun…

The Zinacantecos have changed moderately over time but their strong heritage and belief systems have been carried through to present times. The language has stayed intact over several thousand years mainly because of its importance in expressing their cosmology, which in essence is the main principle upon which they live their lives. They have adopted some Spanish words and are all learning Spanish in school but their own language as well as many of their beliefs and rituals are still practiced within their social units.
The Zinacanteco universe is based around a quadrilateral cosmos. There is a center of their above world called the “navel” which is a mound of earth in the Zinacantan ceremonial center. The entire world is extended from this navel. The four points that surround this center indicate the Vashak-Men or the “Four-Corner Gods”. The significance of these gods and their connection with nature is proven when they see natural disasters as a theory of population control or as punishment for sins. An earthquake is experienced when the gods are tired and they are shifting the excessive burden from shoulder to shoulder, the earthquake is thought to kill enough people to balance out the burden.
As I alluded to previously, they also believe in an upper and lower world. The upper world is the surface upon which humans live. The lower world consists of monkeys and dwarfs that evolved when the gods failed at making humans thefirst time around. The K'atin-Bak translates as the “place warmed by bones”, this corresponds to the Christian hell as it is a deep hole somewhere inside the earth. The Sun is referred to as “Our Father Heat”. Its path determines the basic directions that guide the Zinacantecos orientation on the surface of the earth. The “place where the sun rises” or in translation the east is the most important because they direct all of their religious ceremonies and rituals in this direction. Venus was coined th…

Before the United States had entered World War I, Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and the Alliance System were factors of the First World War.France, Great Britain, and Russia were known as the Triple Entente, Allies.Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire were called the Triple Alliance, also known as the Central Powers.The United States had declared it self-neutral, not taking any sides.Later, as the war goes on, the United States had entered the war because of the British Blockade, German U-boats, and the Zimmermann Note, also called the Zimmermann Telegraph.The Zimmermann Note is the actual set off the United States involvement in the First World War.
On January 16, 1917, German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann sent a telegram from the German government to the German Ambassador of Mexico.The Telegram was encrypted, using numerical numbers as its code so other countries would not know of what it says.The telegram, however, was intercepted by British Intelligence.British Intelligence had easily decoded the message.
In the telegram it had stated, “We intend to begin on thefirst of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal or alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you. You will inform the President of the above most secretly as soon as the outbreak of war with the United States of America is certain and add the suggestion that he should, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence and at the same time mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call the President’s attention to the fact that the ruthless employm

Ever since the independence of Zimbabwe in 1980, it has become a violent, chaotic, and unstable country.Zimbabwe's President Mugabe is a tyrannical leader, murdering both black and white farmers while promising a “Commitment to restore the rule of law to the process of land reform.”Before Zimbabwe's independence, however, Britain ruled a pretty-much cooperative land, where violence was only found when the Queen was forced to oppress negative uprisings by radicals that would only hurt their country.The road to Zimbabwe's independence was long and suffering, but to the British government I pose this question:is the aftermath of gaining independence worth all of that?As a concerned Zimbabwean citizen, I believe not, and I think that it would not only be in Zimbabwe's best interest to regain the aide of a stable nation, but Britain would gain the natural resource-rich land in southern Africa.This volatile and self-destructive nation needs reform, something that has been falsely promised to the Zimbabweans since Mugabe became president.Although it is argued that the natives' culture and traditions will be rid of with colonisation, Britain should have no interest in that, only reforming the government and bringing the economy to a stable pace.It is imperative that Britain re-colonise Zimbabwe for major political, economic, and social reasons: Zimbabwe's leader is a tyrant who misleads and mistreats his people, the Zimbabwean economy is less then adequate and needs a boost to support the country, and the natives need reform so they may better their standard of living.
Starting in 1889, the British South Africa Company controlled the colony of Rhodesia under a royal charter.During the 1920's and 30's, labour issues between the white and blacks in Rhodesia led to violent rebellion and the emergence of African political parties.In 1953 the Southern Rhodesia colony became part of the …

Many years ago, groups of hunters organized together and lived inthe area now knownas Zimbabwe.Over time this group of hunters were slowly taken over by a morepowerful group of people called the Shona who spoke on of the many Bantu languages.The Shona moved in to Zimbabwe around the time of Christ.They raised livestock and farmed on land that they used the slash and burn technique to clear.
By 1500 A.D. Zimbabwe was ruled by the Shona by kings known as Munhumutapa’s.These rulers ruled until about the 17th century when Changamire andRozwi kingdomes threatened their power.The Rozwi kingdom conquiered the Shoni and ruled Zimbabwe for about 100 years.The kingdom lost all organizationand plumited leavind small groupsof shoni people to rule Zimbabwe.
Later the Ndebele moved in to help establish a better ruling with the Shoni peoples.Atfirst the Shoni and settlers that were just passing through.Even when white settlers came through they had no problem.But when they started setting up astablishments the Shoni relized they were wrong to allow such a thing, but by then it was to late the settlers were already trying to take control of Zimbabwe.The shoni peaoples were no match for the heavily soldiers. In 1894 it was over the white settlers had taken control of Zimbabwe and was taxingthe shoni peoples and also usingthem as slaves.
European rule over Zimbabwe expired in 1914 although the British agreed that they should extent the period for another 10 year, so they did for a while till the british government retained the right to extend the ruling so zimbabwe had to vote on whether it shoud be a self-governed country or be added in to south africa as land.Since blacks could not vote the countrie was voted to be self governedin 1923.Zimbabwe was made in to a self-governed country in the British Empire.
prior to 1953 zimbabwe was cocidered in three parts, theese

Ziggurats are a form of ancient temple common to the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians. AZiggurat is a huge platform with a series of smaller platforms on top. They look like a stepped pyramid with stairs leading to the summit where there was a small temple. Each ziggurat was dedicated to the city’s most important god or goddess. Ziggurats are like a mud-brick mountain fit for the gods.
Around 2100 B.C. king Ur-Nammu built a ziggurat in honor of the God ;Sin;.It was called ;Etemennigur,; which meant ;a house whose foundation creates terror.;
It was built in Ur, south of Iraq and has been visible on the flat Mesopotamian plain for thousands of years.
The ziggurat was built from small mud bricks that were locally produced. The mud bricks were made out of mud and reed; the reed was pressed into moulds that had been left to dry in the sun. Each brick measured around 25 x 16 x 7 centimeters and weighed around 4.5 kilograms. The core of the ziggurat at Ur was constructed using mud bricks which were then covered with baked bricks.
The baked bricks, which measured about 30 x 30 x 7 cm and weighed up to 15 kg, they were made out of clay pressed into moulds. The bricks were left to dry and were then baked in a mud oven using dry twigs which were set on fire. This made the bricks water resistant.
Thefirst stage of the ziggurat was built using around 7,000,000 mud bricks And 720,000 baked bricks. On top of every sixth layer of bricks, reed matting was placed in a criss-cross manner. Sandy soil was also placed with the layer of reeds. Most of the bricks were stamped with the name and title of King Ur-Nammu.
The base of the temple was either square or rectangular, and the most common size for it was either 50×50 or 40×50 meters.
From the base, new steps were added, until the ziggurat was topped by a small sanctuary. All walls were sloping, and all horizontal lines

A decision weighed intensely in the heart of every student, college is.The domicile inhabited for the four years lavished on college must be one that a student regards as comfortable.Carthage is a college with several attributes that impress upon a pupil.The opportunity of an alternative approach to learning, the options provided for courses, and the commodious surroundings all contribute to the appeal of Carthage.
The initial attribute that allured me to Carthage was the astounding vista from the campus.The campus rests at the shores of Lake Michigan.A simple glimpse from the corner of campus reveals a view that stirs the soul.When I was still in grade school, I accompanied a friend of mine when she went to view the campus.It was a blustery January day and the outdoor section of the tour was quite brisk.I was anxious to warm myself in a nearby building.Upon the brink of numbness, we approached the edge of campus, near the shore.There I beheld an invigorating picture of the sun glistening over the waters of Lake Michigan.It is a sight that I have held on to since that day.Many colleges are situated amongst the most populous part of a city.This does not allow for many beautiful surroundings, unless man-made.Carthage has one of natures most mysterious and fascinating aspects situated in view from campus.
When perusing through the Carthage website last school year, I came across a possibility which I had never encountered in any other college.Many offered extended learning activities, but none to the extent of the January Term.I became intrigued by the opportunity to expand my learning through unique approaches.I entirely relish the idea of learning in an original manner.I tend to think and learn in a sense that most do not.The opportunity of the J-Term provides me with an outlet for my unique sense of comprehension.There are very few places that acknowledge the differences that exist in the w…