CARD, Mandla

Daily Report

30/12/2017 
–  5/01/2018

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Shreyansh
Yadav (17083)

Section – 2

1/15/2018

 
 

Type
the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short
summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document
here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the
document.

 

 

Date: 30 December, 2017

Objective
– Introduction to CARD activities

People
interacted – Mrs. Manisha Garg

Learning

·       Observed
various skill development training programmes provided at CARD.

·       CARD
represents the importance of five major components of livelihood, the five j’s
of Hindi script which are; Jal (water), Jangal (forest), Jameen (soil), Janvar
(livestock) and Jan (human being) the balance of which enables environmental
protection & sustainable development.

·       PRADHAN
MANTRI KAUSHAL KENDRA (PMKK) centre in Ghugri village of Mandla district is a
joint venture of CARD and Government of India to provide quality skill development
training for the rural people.

·       The
Tejaswani rural women empowerment Programme aims at empowering poor women to
make use of the economic, social and political opportunities for enhancing
their well- beings.

·       Fostering Tribal Communities for Livelihood Promotion through
Eco-Friendly Honey Harvesting in the Forest Habitations of Mandla District of
Madhya Pradesh

 

 

Date: 31 December, 2017

Objective
– To Visit Amarkantak Bio-sphere Reserve.

Learning

·       Amarkantak
is where the Narmada River, the Son River and hila River emerge.

·       Tropical
pine, was planted in Amarkantak in 1968 on advice of Forest Research Institute,
Dehradun on the recommendations of National Commission on Agriculture looking
to the future demand of quality pulp wood

·       Narmadakund
is inside the temple from where the origin of river Narmada is present.

·       The
ancient temples of Kalachuri period are in the south of Narmadakund, just
behind the temple .These were built by Kalachuri Maharaja Karnadeva (1041–1073
AD)

·       Two
Waterfalls namely Dudh-dhara and Kapil-Dhara.

·       The
forests surrounding Amarkantak have a rich variety of plants with medicinal
properties, which make it extremely significant from an ecological point of
view .

·       Several
herbs and plant of medicinal use for example Akarkara , Anantmool , Van Adrak for fever , Gokharu for to
treat skin disease

 

 

Date: 1 January, 2018

Objective
– Introduction to NTFP

Learning

Honey Processing plant –

·       Makrand
is being sucked by bees and then vomited to make honey

·       Two
types of honey : Aperi Honey and Wild Honey. Multi flora – Honey that is being
made from more than one type of flower , Monoflora – Honey that is being made
from only one type of flower.

·       The
Honey that is harvested after the April is black in colour and bitter in taste
. Honey is harvested three times from the same honey bag in the interval of 1-2
weeks . In one harvest 25% of honey is being left so that it can be 

·       If
the moisture content in the honey is greater than 24% the honey get fermented .
In Grade 1 honey the moisture content is 20%.

 

 

 

Date: 2 January, 2018

Activity
Carried out – Survey of Agriculture Practices at
Village Kandra .

Learning

·       In
Kharif Crop the farmers mainly grows rice which is mainly dependent on
rainwater as there is no irrigation facilities.

·       In
Rabi Season the main crops where wheat , peas , pulses etc.

·      
Hands on experience in conducting FGD, Resource
mapping and Transect walk.

·      
Interaction with the villagers.

·      
Observed the major issues and problems of the village
during transect walk and FGD.

·      
Identified the village commons.

 

 

 

Date: 3 January, 2018

Activity
carried out – Visit to Kanha National Park(Jungle
Safari)

Learning

·       Kanha
National Park was created on 1 June 1955 and in 1973 was made the Kanha Tiger
Reserve.

·       Kanha
national Park is divided into two areas first area is Buffer area which is 1134
sq.Km , The buffer area might be an area for experimental research, or may
involve ways to manage natural vegetation, agricultural land, forests,
fisheries or ranchland to enhance overall quality of production while
conserving natural processes and biodiversity. 
and second is core area which is of 940 sq.km under core strategy of
Project Tiger , information from the core areas may be used to assess the
sustainability of activities, or the maintenance of environmental quality, in
surrounding areas.

·       In
Kanha there are three types of forests – 1. Moist peninsular high level Sal

              
2. Southern tropical moist deciduous forest mixed forest.

             
3. Southern tropical dry deciduous forest mixed forest.

·       A
conservation effort in this national park is the reintroduction of barasingha.
The objective of this project is to introduce about 500 barasingha in this
national park to eight or nine different locations.

·       Kanha
Tiger Reserve has species of tigers, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes ,
jackals , chital , sambhar , gaur , barasingha etc.

·       Total
population of tiger in Kanha national park is 83 tigers and 42 cubs which is
highest in the tiger reserves of Madhya Pradesh.

 

 

Date: 4 January, 2018

Activity
carried out – Visit to Kanha National Park and
Relocated village from core area of the Kanha National  park.

Learning

·       Two
main tribes lives in Kanha are Baiga and Gond . Administrative districts are
Mandla and Balaghat .

·       Members of the Baiga tribe, a semi-nomadic tribe of central
India that is reliant on the forest, had been living in 28 villages within the
Kanha National Park until 1968, after which they were relocated. The relocation
was part of an effort to maintain a critical tiger habitat.

·       The compensation given to the
families which where relocated from the Core area of the park was either the
house and agriculture field or the money amount of Rs 10 lakhs for each family.

·       The land given to families for
agriculture practices where not suitable for growing crops as the land was in
rocky and hilly areas.

 

 

 

 

Date: 5 January, 2018

Activities conducted

·       Visit
to production division of forest department, Mandla.

·       Visit
to forest nursery.

Facilitators: DFO, ACF and forest guards

Observations and learnings

·       Firsthand
experience in seed treatment in teak, rhizome propagation of bamboo.

·       Information
regarding Vandhoodh scheme.

·       Techniques
for measuring timber yield and quality.

·       Firsthand
knowledge in various nursery operations of khamer and sandalwood.

 

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