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Fashion can be viewed as the prevailing style or a custom in a specific period of time. Over the years, fashions have been an order of the day. Many eras have come and passed each with its unique fashions; this is more so in the case of dress. One design or style may be popular in one day, only to be an issue of the past some time later. Moreover, historical designers have been frequently involved in introduction of new designs in the market.

Although fashions are characterized by the introduction of new designs, it is important to note that fashions are cynical. For instance, some of the current designs may be borrowed from earlier designers. The current designers may just modify the previous pattern and then re-introduce it as a fashion. This implies that the historical designers play a significant role in the modern fashions. One of the designers from the history whose work has been intensively used is Cristobal Balenciaga.

Cristobal Balenciaga is one of the designers whose work had a significant influence on the designers of his time as well as the modern designers. Balenciaga was born in the year 1895 in Getaria in Spain. His interest in designing can be traced back during his childhood years where he was influenced by his mother who was a professional dress maker. Being exposed to dress making at early age, Balenciaga was taught by his mother on how to make clothes when he was very young. This exposure also increased Balenciaga’s interest in fashion.

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With time, Balenciaga’s interest in cloth making increased significantly. Meanwhile, one of the family’s close friends known as Marquesa de Casa Torres detected his interest in cloth making and designs. After this, Torres directed him to Madrid where he was taught tailoring formally.

It is from this point where Balenciaga’s career begun. In 1913, Balenciaga was employed as a tailor, an opportunity that helped in improving his skills in fashions and cloth making. Later in 1919, he managed to start up a studio, which was named after him (Watts, 2009). One year later, he closed the studio and opened another one, which he named after his mother Eisa (Watts, 2009).

Balenciaga managed to open three fashion houses. Unfortunately, none of these stores succeeded, as all of them had fallen by the year 1931. He later managed to revive the stores one year later. His sister was assigned with the responsibilities of managed the store.

Even after the continued fall of his stores, Balenciaga’s passion in his career was not affected. He was determined to make significant contributions in his work. In connection to this, he decided to move to France in order to test his career in a new environment. While at France, Balenciaga spent some time studying haute couture, especially concerning the people’s way of life (Watts 2009). His main idea here was to identify the people’s likes and dislikes and the ways of dressing, an aspect that is very important in fashion and design.

Balenciaga is one of the most famous designers whose work has significantly contributed in the design and fashion industry. His designs were unique, a fact that attracted a large number of customers. His work also attracted the attention of other designers in his time.


Throughout his life, Balenciaga conducted an inspiration work, which can be emulated by many people in the designing industry. For instance, he managed to use a creative silhouette, which was distinctive, with extra space between the garment and body (Watts, 2009). This design combined with beautiful colors was unique and inspiring.

Source: The Fashion Spot. (2005).

Balenciaga made a number of innovations, which inspired most of the designers of his time. One of the most conspicuous innovations during this period was the sack dress, kimomo sleeve coat and the balloon dress (Polan & Tredre, 2009).

These designs attracted attention of many people who admired his work. In his work, Balenciaga preferred using stiff fabric in his designs. This enabled him to create a good form in his designs. Since most of his work resembled the work of art, he was mostly referred to as the master of haute couture (Watts, 2009).

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