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Who was Robin Hood? Did he really exist? Did he steal from the rich and give to the poor? Historians and scholars alike have asked this question. MaNy have sought the answers in ancient manuscripts and scrolls. Others have proceeded to analyze the rich, and often confusing oral heritage of ancient England. This is what I found.
Many people have argued about the time period in which Robin Hood lived. The common agreement nowadays is that he lived sometime between 1160 and 1350.
The name Robin was very common in the Middle Ages, especially in England where most Robin Hood stories take place. Therefore, it is understandable that quite a few people have been suspected of being Robin Hood.
Thefirst is "Hobbehod" (Robert Hod). L. V. D. Owen located Hobbehod in 1936. His name was located in the Yorkshire roles for 1225-1226. They mention that "Robert Hod (fugitive) had stolen 32 shillings and 6 pence." This same outlaw appears several times during the next few years under the nickname "Hobbenhod".
Dr. David Crook believes that he is another outlaw known as Robert of Wetherby. We don't know much about Robert of Whetherby, but we do know what it cost to kill him. Initially 40s (shillings), next year 28s, and finally 2s for the chain to hang him with. It seems he met an untimely end at the hands of a sheriff.
Crook also says " All that can be said for sure is that the two men shared the same, very common, forename and fell foul of the law in the same, very large country."
Many people have thought to look in Robin's hometown of Loxley. This birthplace wasfirst mention in an anonymous manuscript, known as the Sloane manuscript. Historians have examined every nook and cranny of this town and found nothing except for one interesting fact; the town member Robert Fitz Odo.
His name has raised eyebrows because of its similarity to Robert Fitzooth, one of the supposed aliases of…

German discontent and bitterness in the 1920s began when the post-war peace settlement, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919.The Weimar Republic ended when Adolf Hitler suspended the establishment and believed he had power.The Kaiser had resigned and moved to the Netherlands, and a temporary coalition government was formed between the Social Democrats and the Independent Social Democrats who were both hoping for an ultimate socialist revolution.
After Hitler's release from prison in December 1924, he rebuilt the national Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and waited to regain support.World War I had left Germany with many political, economic and social problems; they had to pay huge reparation payments, which eventually led to the economic depression in 1929.Hitler thrived in difficult times, and with the masses of unemployed, hungry and desperate Germans, the Nazis moved to take power.
Hitler believed that for Germany to become a strong nation, it would have to be ruled by a leader who was racially aware.Racial awareness would come through a process of mobilizing the masses with propaganda that appealed to their feelings, not their reason, and aroused their hatred for all other allegedly inferior races, especially Jews. No class or other distinctions in German society mattered (Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, CD-Rom, 2000).
Hitler appealed to a wide variety of people by combining an effective and carefully rehearsed speaking style, with what looked like sincerity and determination.Hitler persuaded the German society that the Treaty of Versailles was an embarrassment to Germany.He used persuasive speeches to appeal to the people of Germany, at one of his Nazi rallies he said. "All we want is peace, all we want is calm, all we want is to be able to devote ourselves to our tasks.ALL WE WANT IS OUR RIGHTS- AND WE WON'T BE ROBBED OF OUR HONOUR…" (Hitler's Henchmen II vol….

And what great deeds made him a Hero?
Hercules was one of the most famous heroes of Greek legend.His father was Zeus, king of the Gods and his mother was a princess, Alcmene.Hera, wife of Zeus was jealous of Alcmene and heated Hercules.When Hercules married Megara, a Theban princess, Hera made him become insane and he burned his house, killing his wife and children.When Hercules recovered his sanity, he sought help from the oracle at Delphi to se what he should do to earn forgiveness. He learned that he had to serve for twelve years as a slave to his weak and scrawny cousin, Eurystheus, who hated him because of his power and strength.
Hercules would be given twelve labors to perform by his cousin. These would have been impossible for a man of ordinary strength, but Hercules was determined to try his hardest and to succeed.Hercules performed 12 great labors for Eurystheus.First, he killed the Nemean Lion. As Hercules wandered in the dark and gloomy forest he wondered if this was even worth it. He decided to take a rest and think about it on a rock. Just as he was getting comfortable, this hideous beast jumped out in front of him. Hercules reacted quickly and threw the huge boulder that he was resting on at the Nemean Lion. The animal dodged the boulder and came charging at Hercules. Hercules jumped up just in time and landed on the beast’s back. He then tried to ride and tame the wild beast but he failed because just as fast as Hercules had landed on the beast, by thrusting his arm down its throat, withdifficulty; he removed the tough skin and wore it as armor.
Second labor was to kill the Hydra, a serpent with nine venomous heads. This creature was so dangerous that if it looked directly into your eyes, you would die. Hercules closed his eyes and ran at the hydra. He burned off eight of the heads, but of course it was immortal, so Hercules buried under a stone.In the third and fourth labor,

Heinrich Himmler was Reichsführer-SS (Reich SS Leader) and Chief of the German police. In this capacity, he was responsible for the implementation of the Final Solution – the extermination of the Jews – as ordered by the Führer, Adolf Hitler.
He was born in Munich on October 7, 1900. His father was the son of a police president, a former tutor to the princes of the Bavarian court, and a headmaster by profession. Himmler originally intended to be a farmer and in fact acquired a degree in agronomy. He fought in World War I at the every end, and afterwards drifted into one of the many right wing soldier’s organizations that were so prevalent at the time. It is here that he came into contact with Hitler. He took part in the Hitler Putsch (the attempt to overthrow the government) of 1923 as a standard-bearer. He married Margret Boden in 1926.
In 1929, Hitler appointed him head of the SS, which at that time numbered about 300 men and served mainly as a bodyguard for Hitler. A superb organizer, he had already expanded the SS to 50,000 men by 19
By 1936, he had consolidated police power in Germany and was named Chief of the German police on June 17 of that year. With all organs of the police, especially the Gestapo (secret state police), now under his control, his power was virtually without limit. In addition to his other responsibilities, he was also responsible for the security services (Sicherheitsdienst) and the concentration camps, which up to that time housed prisoners of the state.
Himmler’s men staged the phony border incident that Hitler used to justify the invasion of Poland at the outbreak of World War II. As the war went on, the armored portions of the SS – the Waffen SS – began to rival the Armed Forces for power in the military field, culminating in Himmler’s being named Minister of the Interior in 1943 and chief of the Replacement Army in 1944. Right up to the end, he was one of Hitler’s most loyal men. Hit…

France endured some very hard times during the late seventeen-hundreds and early eighteen-hundreds.The question is which leader did a better job for France in this time period, Louis XVI or Napoleon?After analyzing each man's accomplishments, it becomes blatantly obvious that Napoleon was the man best for France.Because so many of his changes were positive, even after his empire had collapsed, many Europeans still wanted to keep around the changes he established.
Kind Louis XVI began his reign to a great start.He overcame one of the hardest obstacles of actually facing the fact that there was a huge problem to fix for France.However, one of the major problems in France was debt and King Louis XVI's support of the American Revolution only increased this debt.The king should have taken care of his own country before worrying about the success of another country.Another problem with the king was that he never acted; he only reacted to situations thrown at him. It was not until France was headed into complete turmoil that the he met with the Estates-General.When the Third Estate was making their own alliance, King Louis XVI only saw them as a threat, and just ordered in more troops instead of hearing what they had to say. The anger he caused toward the majority class pushed them to violence.The actions of his people at that time just showed the low level of authority and power he held over his country.He did not display any leadership to his people, especially when he fled the country because he was scared of the calls for a revolution. Instead of standing by his people when they needed him the most, he just got scared and left. A true leader stands up to a challenge when times are at there worst.
The characteristics of a true leader are found in Napoleon.At only the age of twenty-six, he was promoted to general because of his exceptional military skills.When all of this was occurin

Hello, and welcome to McDonalds. May I take your order please?
As an American it is highly likely that you have heard this phrase before. We sit in the drive through, tell the person what we want, and good ol' Ronald McDonald takes our money and makes our two all beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions, on a sesame seed bun. We pay for what we get – an equation even the least savvy of mathematicians can comprehend.
As Americans we know that when we buy a movie ticket we are guaranteed a showing that will occupy, if not entertain us for a few hours. When we walk into an Abercrombie & Fitch and drop a hundred dollars we are certain that we'll walk away with some quality clothes… well at least a nice pair of boxer shorts or socks.
That knowledge is bred into us. We learn that when we give someone our money, we should expect something in return. For the most part we should have some say as to what that "something" is.
But over time an exception has formed.
When the dreaded 16th of April rolls around, Americans reach into their padded wallets, pull out a portion of their earnings, grudgingly slip it in an envelope, slap on a stamp, and ship it out to the IRS, never to see it again. Then, we go out with our spouses, family and friends, take a few jabs at the government, complain about taxes breaking our proverbial backs, and then manage to forget about it by the time football season rolls around.
While slightly more difficult than ordering a Happy Meal, deciding where our tax money goes isn't as hard as some would like to make us believe. Our forefathers gave us a clear-cut rout to deciding the fate of our dollars. It's called voting. Perhaps you've tried it, but judging by current voter turn out, you probably haven't.
Voting, a term most are familiar with, but a process which only a minority can relate to. It is our voice, and yet we remain mute as a public b…

For years historians have been obsessed with the question who voted Nazi? , this is mainly because of how incredible the Nazis rise to power actually was.The Nazis came to power only fourteen years after the party had been founded, this was particularly miraculous because the Nazis were an extremist group and managed to get elected into power in the notorious system of the Weimar government, known for its difficult democratic system of government.
Post war historians believed that there was a typical Nazi voter. This person was a young, middle class, male but historians soon realised that it would have been impossible for the Nazis to get to power to the degree they did with these votes only.Analysing this period more deeply historians found there was infact a wide spectrum of people voting Nazi.
Extremist government was probably inevitable.After the Wall Street crash Germany's economy began its decline once more because of it's strong dependence on America, the Dawes plan for example. For most Germans this was the second depression they had been affected by.Luckily for Hitler he had opposed the Dawes plan during the referendum for its acceptance, many people would have taken notice of this, which would have initially boosted Hitler's appeal to many people who had been hit the hardest in the depression.Because of these reasons the membership for the Nazi party grew dramatically.Middle class shop owners and professionals like teachers recognised that Hitler was correct about the Dawes plan and obviously did not want another depression, these people were very valuable to Hitler's campaign because the middle classes tend to voice their opinions and teachers for example could be very influential over younger generations.Hitler also stirred up support in the middle classes by promising to concentrate on them when he got into power.He made them ask themselves the question what am I getting back …

The United States of America is responsible for starting the Cold War with the Russians.The Cold War broke out shortly after the Allied powers defeated the Axis powers in World War II.The Cold War was an arms race between the Russians and the Americans that lasted until the 1980's.
The United States and Russia, two very different nations, united to bring down a common enemy.That enemy was Nazi Germany or the Axis powers.However, the US did not uphold their end of the agreement until D-Day in 1944.Up until D-Day, there was only one offensive against the Germans, and that was the Russian front.To the Russians, it seemed that the Americans were simply pushing the danger towards Russia.Russia was left devastated after World War II because so much of it was fought there.Russian resentment of US resulted from the lack of American support in World War II.
Furthermore, in August of 1945, the US dropped not one but two atomic bombs on Japan, which effectively ended World War II.First of all, Russia had never heard of a bomb with that type of payload, and it would not create its own atomic bomb until September 1949.This alone was enough to cause a great scare in the Russians.Next, by dropping two atomic bombs, it sent the message that America had more of them.This showed that America was not afraid of using its atomic weapons, which deeply scared the Russians. Additionally, it showed the Russians that America had more atomic weapons.When the bomb was dropped, the US and the Soviets were still allies.Russia had no idea that America planed to drop an atomic bomb on Japan.This led to the distrust between the nations.By dropping two atomic bombs on Japan, the US did more than stop World War II; it caused distrust and a deep fear of America in the Russians.This was probably a start to the arms race, because Russia had nothing to counter the American atomic bombs.
After World War II, the Soviets had …

It was a beautiful November morning when John F. Kennedy and his wife Jackie flew from Fort Worth to Dallas Love Field. As they stepped off of Air Force One and moved to the motorcade, they greeted the crowd that had gathered there. They got into the car and left for the Presidential parade through downtown Dallas, where the adoring masses screamed in support of Kennedy. Mrs. Connally, who was riding in front with Governor Connally, her husband, turned to the President and said, "Mr. Kennedy, you can't say Dallas doesn't love you." But now, as they approached the final stretch of the parade before heading the Dallas Trade Mart, everything seemed to get quieter. Then, after making the final turn before getting onto the highway, three shots rang through Dealy Plaza. Thefirst shot missed and hit the pavement, sending shards of concrete all over the Plaza. The second shot did not miss, however, it hit Kennedy in the back, then hit Connally in the chest hand, and thigh. The third and final death blow hit Kennedy in the head, splattering his brains over his wife. The motorcade sped off to Parkland Memorial Hospital just down the highway in Dallas. There, after several hours of intense surgery, the President was pronounced dead.
Some witnesses say that they heard between two and three shots fired, but one
said that he saw a "flurry of shells" rain down on the President1. One of President
Johnson'sfirst acts in office was to establish a investigative commission headed up by
Chief Justice Warren. Almost a year after the assassination, the commission issued the
Warren Report. It contained an exhaustive amount of evidence that pointed to Lee
Harvey Oswald, the man that had been captured for shooting an officer later on that
November day, as the sole assassin of President Kennedy. Through the years, as
different witnesses have come forth, the number of conspiracies surrounding the

Photographs were faked while many others were hidden. There has been new testimony about the autopsy of John F. Kennedy that shows at least one or more additional sets of autopsy pictures were taken of the Presidents wounds but no information about the existence of the pictures was ever made public. The White House photographer, Robert Knudsen, took the existences of the additional photographs. The National Naval Medical Center raised questions about the honesty and accuracy of the autopsy and how ranking military officers and politicians controlled it. But the new evidence gives no indication as to the location of any of the additional photographs. (Jacobs 1 of 3)
A Warren Commission report was created on November 29, 1963. This report concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald was the only assassin and acted on his own. Oswald shot from the 6th floor of the Schoolbook Depository Building, which was behind the President s limousine at the time of the assassination. He used the Italian Mannclicer- Carchano rifle that was found. And final Oswald shot Officer Tippet
However, in later years, the Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry admitted to newsmen that it was never proven that Oswald fired the rifle, nobody’s yet been able to put him in that building with a gun in his hand.

King Tutankhamen is one of the most famous Pharaohs of Egypt, not because he had a major accomplishment during his reign, but because his tomb was found in the Valley of Kings only eighty-five years ago by Howard Carter ( Howard Carter has described the tomb as being "from top to bottom it was overlaid with gold, and upon its sides there were inlaid panels of brilliant blue faience, in which were represented, repeated over and over, the magic symbols which would ensure its strength and safety."As another once describe it, "…here within the great shrine, as original seals on the doors of the inner shrine indicate, on one has entered since the King was laid to rest." The tomb had gone undiscovered for thousands of years. It was thefirst tomb discovered that had been subject to only one robbery and was found in almost perfect condition ( When the tomb was discovered the method of embalming used had made it difficult to identify the mummy. The mummy wasfirst mistaken for Tutankhamen's grandfather Amenhetep III.Another astonishing fact was that the tomb found appeared to be that of a young boy. With the discovery of the tomb in the Valley of Kings, and very little documentation found within the tomb, many questions were raised; Was Egypt, one of the most powerful civilizations, ruled at one point by a young boy? If so, how did he come to reign? How old was the King when he died? How did he die? The most important and controversial question that arose from the finding of the tomb was, the question of whether King Tutankhamen was murdered or not. Because of an apparent blow to the head, Archaeologists and many others believe that the boy-king many have been murdered. To solve this speculation, many questions must be answered and a history of King Tutankhamen's life must be revealed to reveal the mystery that surrounds the death of Egypt's most famous…

On November 22, 1963, the distant sound of rifle shots could be heard.President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Jackie were in Dallas, Texas, trying to win campaign support for the upcoming presidential election.On his way to a luncheon the Kennedy's sat in an open convertible at the head of a motorcade along with Texas Governor John B. Connally and his wife. Vice-President, Lyndon Johnson was two cars behind the president. A large crowd of Kennedy supporters lined the streets waving flags and cheering.As the motorcade approached an underpass, near the Texas School Book Depository three quick shots were fired, fatally wounding the president.The government reported that one bullet passed through JFK's neck and struck Governor Connally in the back. The second bullet struck JFK's head; and a third one reportedly missed the motorcade. Kennedy was rushed to the nearest hospital, Parkland. He never regained consciousness and was pronounced dead at 1:00 pm.Later that day, aboard the presidential plane, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
The investigators believed that the bullets that killed Kennedy were fired from a sixth-story window of a nearby warehouse. After widespread interviewing and intense questioning was completed in Dallas, Lee Harvey Oswald, who was employed in the warehouse, was arrested and charged with murder. When Oswald was being transferred from one jail to another several days later he was shot by a Dallas nightclub owner named Jack Ruby.Oswald later died leaving a lot of questions unanswered.
During my research I have discovered there seems to be an unending number of theories.Some authors think Oswald acted alone, some think there were 5-6 people/shooters, one author even went so far as to suggest that Kennedy shot himself.I however believe that Oswald was involved in the assassination of Kennedy.In the following paragraphs I will

The treaty of Versailles was influenced by a lot of different people. The people with the most influence were probably President Woodrow Wilson of the USA and George Clemenceau of France.I am going to try and decide which of these two had the most influence. In order to do this I will need to look at what each of them hoped to achieve and what they actually got.
Both Wilson and Clemenceau had one common objective in the peace treaties, to insure future peace. However they had very different ideas on how it should be done. They also had very different reasons for wanting it.
Woodrow Wilson thought the best way to keep the peace was through a peacekeeping organisation through which all problems and disputes would be sorted out. He thought Germany should be made to pay for the war but should not be victimised as this would only lead to further problems. Wilson came to the Paris peace talks with a very set agenda that he put to everyone in the form of his four principles and fourteen points. His four principles were:
4) A future peace keeping organisation
The fourteen points were based around these.
George Clemenceau thought that the best way to keep the peace in Europe was by punishing Germany so much and keeping it on its knees so that it never had the power to go to war again. He wanted to make Germany pay the whole cost of the war; to make it give back all of its colonies and any other land it had taken; to place very harsh restrictions on the German armed forces, trade and merchant fleets; to make sure it couldn't form alliances with other countries and to generally make it impossible for Germany to ever regain any sort of economy or political strength in the world.
To see what Wilson achieved I will go through his fourteen points and see which of them he achieved and which he didn't. Thefirst point was open negotiations and treaties. This was sort of achieved, most future agreements were open but the a…

The structure of the question implies that the issue of poverty in Russia is not new. Therefore,first of all this paper will concentrate on analysing the income distribution in Soviet Russia and its impact on creating a new class system in the transition years. Later, I will describe the groups of Russian society most likely to live in poverty, namely the group of working poor and the unemployed. Finally, it will be necessary to answer what measures should be applied in order to tackle poverty.
Despite socialist propaganda to the contrary, the Soviet Union had a very defined class system. On top of it were placed the "apparatchiki", various Communist party leaders and bureaucrats. Scientists and academics – the intelligentsia – occupied the middle sphere. And finally, at the bottom, ironically, those who the system was supposed to be for – factory and farm workers. The data on the topic of inequality is, unfortunately, rather questionable as there were no official statistics carried out. However, McAuley (1979), calculates that, although inequalities had been reduced significantly since the 1950s, still in the late 1960s some 40% of the population was living in poverty according to the formal Soviet definition. Later McAuley argued thatpoverty in the USSR wasn't just a rural phenomenon, as is often assumed: "(…) a majority of the poor in 1967 – 68 were non-agricultural state employees and their dependants. This implies that there are significant lacunae in the network of support provided by soviet social welfare programmes." (p. 74). Study carried out by Gordon and Klopotov (1972), shows that from 1965 – 68, some 32% of workers' households were regarded as being poor – income below 50 rubles per month. The following table shows that only 15% of single individuals and 3% of young m…

Dr Frances Cress Welsing is a child psychiatrist that was born on March 18,1955 in the Chicago area of Illinois. She is a third generation Physician in her Family she followed the footprints of her father Dr Henry Noah Cress and her grandfather Dr. henry Clay Cress by becoming a Physician. She had to go through several years of study to become will know. Shefirst attends Antioch College in yellow Spring, Ohio which she graduated from in 1957 with a B.S. degree. A year later after graduation she entered the College of Medicine at Howard University in Washington D.C. She then graduated from Howard University in 1962 with a M.D. degree.After Graduation Dr Welsing interned at the Cook County Hospital, in Chicago, Illinois between the years of 1962 through 1963 while there she received a chance to take a residency in General Psychiatry at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, in Washington D.C. In 1966 to 1968 she held a fellowship in child Psychiatry at Children's hospital. From the Dr Welsing was employed as an assistant Professor of Pediatrics in the department of Pediatrics at Howard University College of Medicine. Dr Frances Cress Welsing is best known for her controversial theories on Race. She is the Author of two books The Cress Theory of Color Confrontation and Racism (white supremacy) and Also the Isis Papers. She is also the founder of Counter-racist Psychiatry and also affiliated with Actor Paul Roberson School for Growth and Development, North Community Mental Health Center, in Washington, D.C. from 1976-1990.
In 1970 Dr. Frances Cress Welsing wrote The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and
Racism (White Supremacy). In this theory she explains the origin of racism. Why is whiteness is a color deficiency. Why white people feel threaten by non-
White people and the psychological cause.
Welsing based her theory off of the Textbook for Victims of White Supremacy by Neeley Fuller written in 1969. Fuller suggested tha…