AP History Final Paper
January 16, 2004
The ineptitude and stubbornness of President Wilson, not the strength
in the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative, resulted in the
Senate defeat of the Treaty of Versailles. His stubborn behavior was shown
publicly on numerous occasions.

His first mistake and stubborn behavior showed even before the treaty
was drawn up. When he sailed to Paris for the creation of the treaty, he
did not bring one member from any other party than his own. This angered
the Republicans and didn’t help any matters of their accepting the Fourteen
Points. Another example occurred after the Senate’s original rejection of
the treaty; his speechmaking tour of 1919. It was meant to attempt to sway
the opinions of the American people to get their senators to vote for the
treaty. It was a good thought but not effective because of the “Battalion
of Death” that followed him. All it did was confuse the American people
and fire up the growing animosity of the republicans. He even said he was
willing to die for the sake of new world order, and he almost did when he
had a stroke related to physical and nervous exhaustion. After all the
touring and hullabaloo, he again was stubborn and refused to accept any
Republican alterations of the treaty. Senator Lodge, whom Wilson despised,
suggested that they revise Article X of the Fourteen Points because of the
moral bond that it required the United States to have on the occasion that
one of its allied countries was in need of war help. The congress wanted
to keep the choice of declaring war for itself and not for others to tell
it when to do so. They were also afraid that Britain would dominate the
league and end up dictating the United States and all other countries in
the league. These revisions were not extreme by any means, and Wilson was
simply stubborn and uncooperative with the suggestions made by the
Republicans, considering that he was willing to make reparations suggested
by Democrats. After all, it was the least that he could do, since he
neglected to take any of them along to try to incorporate their ideas in
the treaty to begin with. After all opinions were voiced, there was a
Senate vote for or against the treaty. Wilson was too weak to lead the
Democrats anymore, but he could still do his best to ruin the Republican
cause. He asked all loyal Democrats to vote against the “Lodge
Reservations”, and they all sightlessly did so.

The incompetence and obstinacy of President Wilson, not the vigor in
the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative, was the reason for
the Senate defeat of the Treaty of Versailles. His stubborn behavior was
shown publicly on numerous occasions. His immaturity about the entire issue
of allowing others to add their input into the document was ridiculous. As
proven by all these points, it was truly President Wilson’s inflexibility
and stubbornness that prevented the Treaty of Versailles from being passed.

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