As the use of technology
increases overtime, the use of the internet and cyber space is also rapidly
increasing. Cyber space is now a part of our daily lives from entertainment, banking
even our social lives are dependent on the internet. This over use of the
internet comes with a price and that may come in the form of virus, worms,
hacking and identity theft. The open use of cyber space has not just connected
the entire world with speed and ease but has also left the world open to
hackers and other individual out for their selfish motives. This paper will
try to define what cyber warfare and what are its impacts on modern society.
Koblentz and Mazanec have defined cyber
warfare as ‘the use of computer networks to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy
information resident in enemy computers and computer networks, or the computers
and networks themselves’ (Gregory D. Koblentz & Brian M. Mazanec 2013). As
technology becomes more and more advanced so does the ability to conduct war. Criminals
from around the globe have targeted both government and private networks to
start information and cyber warfare which also entail attacks that are backed
by political and military forces from around the globe.
We first saw the
new dangers of modern weapons in World War One, with the introduction of
chemical weapons. Then, in World War Two, we developed nuclear weapons that
would destroy two entire cities. Today,
in the war on terror, the United States has developed military drones to strike
terrorists without putting our soldiers in danger. The ability to
conduct warfare via advanced technological methods has contributed to an increase
in information security awareness and the need for one to protect an entities
with the advent of cyber warfare there has been and increased risk of threats
and vulnerabilities to systems that hold or transmit data.
The threat of a cyber-attack on our nation’s
infrastructure is now viewed by the majority of American’s as an imminent and
credible one that demands greater resources and spending. A survey revealed
that 92 percent of Americans agree cyber-attacks pose a threat to public
utilities, infrastructure and transportation and 60 percent are in favor of
increased government spending in defense of such attacks. Cyber warfare is viewed
as an imminent threat in light of increased news coverage of recent attacks.
However, there is a divide amongst the people as to whether the corporations
should be responsible for their own defense or if this is the governments’
responsibility (Americans Willing to Spend More to Thwart Cyber Attacks:
Survey, 2013, p. 1).