33% of the world’s population consumes alcohol regularly. An individual’s
consumption of alcohol per year is 6.2 litres. The over consumption of alcohol
leads to many deaths worldwide. A survey in 2009 found that the net effect of
alcohol consumption causes 3.8% of all global deaths. The long term use of
alcohol causes damages to every organ system in the body. It includes
consumption can increases the risk of cancer.
Cardiovascular disease- Continuous
consumption results in deadly condition which causes blood clot and weakens the
Immune system- Too much
of consumption can weaken our immune system that makes our body easier target
for any disease.
High blood pressure-
Alcohol can increase the blood pressure which lead to health problems such as
heart and kidney disease.
alcohol consumption in Russia, particularly by men, has in recent years caused
more than half of all the deaths at ages 15-54 years. A governmental
report from Britain has found that there were 8,724 alcohol-related deaths in
2007, lower than 2006, but more than double the 4,144 recorded in 1991. The
alcohol-related death rate was 13.3 per 100,000 population in 2007, compared
with 6.9 per 100,000 population in 1991. In Scotland, the NHS estimate
that in 2003 one in every 20 deaths could be attributed to alcohol. A 2009
report noted that the death rate from alcohol-related disease was 9,000, a
number three times that of 25 years previously. A UK report came to the result
that the effects of low-to-moderate alcohol consumption on mortality are
age-dependent. Low-to-moderate alcohol use increases the risk of death for
individuals aged 16–34, but decreases the risk of death for individuals ages
55+.A study in the United
that alcohol causes about 4% of cancer cases in the UK (12,500 cases per year).
The Global Status Report on alcohol and
health, 2014 says that in India, 30% of the population consumes alcohol
regularly. Some 11% percent are moderate to heavy drinkers. The average Indian consumes alcohol per year
is 4.3 litres and the average rural Indian alcohol consumes alcohol per year is
Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC) has
provided guidelines for safe daily drinking limits. The recommended maximum for men is 4
standard drinks per day. For women it is 2 standard drinks per day.
One standard drink
contains 10 grams of alcohol. More than 6 standard drinks per day
for men, and 4 standard drinks for women, is known to cause harm.
Our proposed system allows for alcohol monitoring system that
monitors this and reports it to concerned personnel remotely over internet. Our
system consists of an IOT based circuit system that uses a microcontroller,
arduino, GSM and GPS. Two sensors are
used to measure the health condition of a person. The sensors used in this
project are body temperature sensor and ECG sensor. The body temperature sensor allows you to measure body
temperature. It is a great medical importance to measure body temperature. The
body temperature sensor can be applied to skin surface and it indicates the
temperature after reaching the steady state. The average normal body temperature is generally accepted
as 98.6°F (37°C). Some studies have shown that the “normal” body
temperature can have a wide range, from 97°F (36.1°C) to 99°F (37.2°C). Electrocardiography (ECG)
is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin. The normal range of ECG sensor is 440 ms. These sensor is then interfaced to a microcontroller that
allows checking readings and transmitting the resulting data.
The data from the sensors
are used for prescribing the amount of liquor. The digital data is maintained and stored.
Then the microcontroller send the signal to the arduino to send message via GSM
module. The GSM module extracts the location from the GPS and send message to
the respective mobile number. The message includes health condition of a person
and location of the shop. Through this alcohol
sales, addiction and illegal sales can be controlled.