The study of the human mind and how it
operates is called psychology, which dates back than more than two thousand
years ago. Since behavior is so diverse, there are several subdivisions in
psychology. Psychology is always developing, which is the reason these
subdivisions are established. Each subdivisions of psychology is related
to a specific area of study attentive on a specific topic.
An American Psychologist by the name of
John B. Watson created a new division of psychology called behaviorism. He believed
psychology only focuses on the minds consciousness and though process and decided
to focus his studies on behavioral patterns. A benefit to
study behaviorism it allows for a clear definition of behavior. It also allows behaviorist
to study and ration changes in one’s behavior.
in the 1900’s after behaviorists decided psychology should focus solely of consciousness.
Behaviorist initially tried to prove that man and animals organisms adjust to
their surrounding environment. Behaviorist wanted to be able to predict what a
person would do in a certain situation and to be able to control humans. It is supposed
that all humans’ behavior is impulse reactions depending on the person’s
situation. Behaviorists believe that by studying human behavior thoroughly it
can be understood. “Behaviorists think human traits such as personality,
character, and integrity are not internally determined by each individual, but
are the results of behaving in certain ways and are established through
behavior patterns which are developed through environmental conditioning”
(Ozmon & Craver, 1995).
Behaviorism can be classified into three separate
categories, methodological behaviorism, psychological behaviorism and logical behaviorism.
Methodological behaviorism is allied and compared with radical behaviorism.
They are similar because they both view the main subject of psychology is the
study of behavior, but the radical behaviorist refuses to relate anything unobserved
as causes of behavior. They focus on the actually observed relationships between
behavior and environment. Psychological behaviorism studies the theory that behaviors
are learned through good and bad life experiences. Logical behaviorism theory
relates the mental state to one behavior or learned behavior from family and
& Craver, S. M. (1995). Philosophical foundations of
education. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Merrill.