Alec MartinMr. ConleyCollege Criminal Justice Period 219 January 2018Charles MansonCharles Manson was a very deranged and persuasive man who, mainly because of his childhood, became a cult leader. Born on November 12, 1934 in Cincinnati, OH to a criminal prostitute, Manson’s life began its rocky road. With his mother being in prison, Charles Manson lived with his Aunt and Uncle for a few years. However, after being released from prison, Charles Manson’s mother was reunited with her son. After a short period of about two years, Manson was court ordered to go to a school for boys, where he escaped ten months later. On the run, he found his mother, who rejected him, leading to Manson’s turning point in life.    Charles Manson was a leader of the Manson Family cult, and was indirectly responsible for the murders of many people. “The Family,” as they later became more popularly known, was a group of around one hundred people who followed Charles Manson’s mindset. They shared a similar passion for drugs, and unconventional lifestyles, which Manson later used to his advantage. Following the release from prison for petty crimes in 1967, Charles Manson and his followers moved to San Francisco, ending up in a small deserted ranch in the San Fernando Valley. Within three months, Manson convinced his cult of followers to murder many people (Biography). In July of 1969, Manson follower, Bobby Beausoleil murdered Gary Hinman. Through August 8th and 9th, a small group of Manson’s followers murdered five people. This included Roman Polanski, his pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, Wojciech Frykowski, Abigail Folger, and Jay Sebring. The murder scenes were horrifyingly gruesome. The Manson Family had left their victims with countless stab wounds, and Susan Atkins, one of the murderers, had written “pig” on the front door with Tate’s blood (Dianne). Then, only one day later, because Manson was unsatisfied with the murders, a group of Manson’s cult members murdered Leno LaBianca and his wife, Rosemary. Even though Charles Manson was not directly involved in these murders, he convinced Bobby Beausoleil, Mary Brunner, Susan Atkins, Tex Watson, and Patricia Krenwinkel, and Linda Kasabian (Crime). Not long after the murders, Manson and his Family were arrested not on suspicion of the Tate/LaBianca murders, but simply on the belief that they had vandalized a portion of the Death Valley National Park while they were hiding out in the Mojave Desert. The County sheriff took Manson and his cult into custody in 1969, not knowing of their involvement in the murders. However, Susan Atkins accidentally helped lead detectives to understand that the Manson Family had been involved in the recent murders. Throughout the trial, many various motivations had been examined.The most plausible motivation was Manson’s pathological ego, and his were influences that led him to leave behind a trail of destruction. Manson also fully believed that he was in fact the new Messiah, and that after a nuclear war, he and his cult of followers would be saved by hiding in a secret world under the desert. However, aside from his beliefs of him being the Messiah, his full reasoning behind these murders was for a race war. And, in this race war, he declared that it would result in a black victory, and Manson’s cult would have to teach the black community. Manson believed that his followers were the ones who needed to initiate the race war. According to Van Houten, this was the only reason the Manson family had murdered Rosemary LaBianca. His whole plan was to take her wallet, place it in a black neighborhood in L.A. and have the murders pinned against them. As for the other murder, when questioned as to why they felt the need to murder famous people, Atkins responded by saying that the Manson Family wanted to commit murders of people that would not only shock the world, but have the whole world take notice (Little). With all of the connections finally being made, the trial began in June of 1970. Lawyer Ronald Hughes was the defense attorney for Charles Manson and Van Houten, but later dropped Manson as a client. Sadly, this move may have cost Ronald Hughes his life. Later in the year, Hughes went camping and never returned, His discomposed body showed up many months later, and is thought to be a victim of one of the Manson family members. At the time that Manson and his followers were sentenced to death, California did not have a life without parole sentence. Therefore, when the death penalty was removed from California, Manson and his cult of followers were lowered down to a sentence in which they would not only live, but would have a chance to walk free again. This was all due in part in February of 1972 with the case of People v. Anderson. Within this case, the state of California at its Supreme Court ended the death penalty, stating that is is cruel and unusual punishment. The Supreme Court resulted in halting all executions in the country. This federal decision arose from the case known as Furman v. Georgia. In this case, the court identified that Georgia’s death penalty system had a bias of people with color, had no set of guidelines on whether the death sentence is appropriate or not, and was filled to the brim with many more procedural issues.”The Supreme Court therefore decided that the death penalty in that incarnation, given those procedural problems, violated the due process clause of the Constitution,” No other state at the time met the Supreme Court’s requirements, “so that meant that now states had to figure out how to get around these procedural problems and create a death penalty that would comply. However, Georgia became the first state to reinstate executions again in the year 1976. Although for about four more years there was no actual way to sentence someone to death in the United States. Then, California brought back an approved execution system in 1978, the same time that the state developed a sentence of life without parole. During the 1970s’ is was very common for someone who was convicted of murder to be in an out of jail within ten to fifteen years. Much like many people serving life sentences in California, the Manson cult followers were up for parole after the first seven years of their sentences. However, this rose public concern rather quickly and many believed that the woman involved would be released very quickly. Although, none have been granted parole, two of the family members have been recommended for it, and could conceivably be released in the future: 75-year-old Bruce Davis and 68-year-old Leslie Van Houten (CNN).It has been forty years since actress Sharon Tate and four others were murdered in a Los Angeles canyon mansion. It has been forty years since an innocent couple’s children found the bodies of their parents Leno and Rosemary LaBianca horrendously stabbed to ribbons. Although it has been forty years, the problems that arose due to this case still are prevalent. The innocence of California was lost after the Manson Murders occurred. People no longer felt safe because the deaths were so random that anyone could be the next victim. Movie stars and other higher members of society were reminded that they aren’t invincible to the darkness of the world. People then and even now are haunted by the fact that these murders were totally random and they had no pre meditation. The fact that Charles Manson did not intend to find Sharon Tate and murder her scares people with the fact that they could be next. And, even though the Manson family is locked up, and Charles Manson himself is dead, followers of Charles Manson still exist and are still lurking out there. Crimes linger in our memories when they are especially horrific or when they represent the era in which they occur. The Manson murders did both. And they grew to symbolize the dark side of the California dream, as well as the political, social and cultural turbulence of the 1960s. The Manson murders abruptly ended the “decade of love,” and Southern California lost its sun-kissed, self-indulgent innocence. Before the murders, California was a place of love and peace, and Charles Manson completely ruined that. Also, before the murders by the Manson Family cult, no one had believed that hippies were even capable of violence. Charles Manson and his cult were “looking and living like typical hippies,” but they were mass murderers. Even with them being insane, horrible, and murderers, that hasn’t stopped modern day praise. Charles Manson’s image can still be found on many posters and T-shirts. In 1998, the animated television series “South Park” even featured Charles Manson in a Christmas special episode. Along with animated television appearances, there have been endless amounts of books, movies, and documentaries. A play, an opera and even cellphone applications of Manson’s famous quotes exist. Charles Manson’s crimes still manage to evoke a very strong reaction this long after his case had hit the public. For years, when prison officials still allowed it, he even gave numerous television interviews, never failing to throw in his famous shock factor. These influenced current fans, haters, and people around the world to keep Charles Manson’s name alive (Mason’).Charles Manson grew up with a deranged life. His mother was sixteen when he was born, and she soon got into drugs and prostitution. Later in his life, after being reunited with his mother, he was dragged away and then shunned by his mom. However, the murders and ability to convince others came as a shock to the world. Hiding behind a hippie costume, Charles Manson, a murderer, was able to live his life through the lives of almost one hundred people, and even though he is dead, will always seem to be in societies mind as nothing more than a murderer. Works Cited”Charles Manson.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 13 Dec. 2017, www.biography.com/people/charles-manson-9397912.”Charles Manson – Dianne Sawyer Documentary.” YouTube, YouTube, 24 Feb. 2013, www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4qZB2ytq10″Charles Manson and the Manson Family.” Crime Museum, www.crimemuseum.org/crime-library/serial-killers/charles-manson-and-the-manson-family/.Little, Becky. “Charles Manson Was Sentenced to Death. Why Wasn’t He Executed?” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 20 Nov. 2017, www.history.com/news/charles-manson-was-sentenced-to-death-why-wasnt-he-executed.”Manson Family Murders Fast Facts.” CNN, Cable News Network, 3 Dec. 2017, www.cnn.com/2013/09/30/us/manson-family-murders-fast-facts/index.html.”Manson’s Lasting Legacy: ‘Live Freaky, Die Freaky’.” CNN, Cable News Network, www.cnn.com/2009/CRIME/08/10/california.manson.murders/index.html..

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